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Tsageri

Tsageri

ცაგერი
Tsageri (Photo A. Muhranoff, 2011).jpg
Tsageri is located in Georgia
Tsageri
Tsageri
Location of Tsageri in Georgia
Tsageri is located in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
Tsageri
Tsageri
Tsageri (Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti)
Coordinates: 42°38′59″N 42°45′35″E / 42.64972°N 42.75972°E / 42.64972; 42.75972
Country Georgia (country)
MkhareRacha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
MunicipalityTsageri
Elevation
475 m (1,558 ft)
Population
 (2014)[1]
 • Total1,320
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgian Time)

Tsageri (Georgian: ცაგერი, Cageri) is a town in Georgia, located in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region in the west of the country and serving as an administrative center of the homonymous district.

Tsageri is located at 475 m above sea level, on the right bank of the Tskhenis-Tsqali, an affluent of the Rioni river. As of the 2014 census, the town had a population of approximately 1,320, mostly Georgians.

History

In medieval Georgia, Tsageri was an episcopal see, with a cathedral described by the early 18th-century geographer Vakhushti as "the cupola church of Tsageri, superbly built."[2] The original three-nave basilica design was significantly altered by the cathedral's late 19th-century restorers; the original wall paintings, including the portraits of Queen Tamar and her son George IV, were also lost in the process.

Under the Russian Empire and early Soviet government, Tsageri functioned as an administrative center of the Lechkhumi uyezd. It acquired the status of a town in 1968.

Culture and religion

There is the residence of the Georgian Orthodox bishop of Tsageri and Lentekhi in Tsageri. A local museum exhibits several thousands of archaeological artifacts unearthed in Lower Svaneti and Lechkhumi.[3]

In the vicinity of Tsageri, there are the ruins of the medieval fortress of Muris-Tsikhe which might have been the place of exile and death of the Christian theologian Maximus the Confessor (c. 580 – 662). There still exits a monastery dedicated to St. Maximus.[4] The nearby located Khvamli caves, according to the medieval records, preserves the treasury of the kings of Georgia. It has been listed among the national monuments of Georgia and has recently attracted a renewed interest from scholars.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Population Census 2014". www.geostat.ge. National Statistics Office of Georgia. November 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  2. ^ Allen, W.E.D. (1950). "Two Georgian Maps of the First Half of the Eighteenth Century". Imago Mundi, Vol. 10: 99-121.
  3. ^ Georgian Museums: Tsageri Local Museum[permanent dead link]. Ministry of Culture, Monuments Protection and Sport of Georgia. Retrieved on 2008-07-26.
  4. ^ Berthold, George C. (1985), Maximus Confessor: Selected Writings, p. 31. Paulist Press, ISBN 0-8091-2659-1.
  5. ^ (in Georgian) TBC ბანკმა, კომპანია ‘ბორჯომმა’ და ‘ელიტ ელექტრონიკსმა’ ‘ხვამლის’ გადაღება დააფინანსეს ("TBC Bank, Borjomi and Elite Electronics sponsored the film "Khvamli"). The 24 Hours, cited at News.ge. 2008-04-20.