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Trpinja

Trpinja

Трпиња (Serbian)[1][2]
Municipality of Trpinja
Općina Trpinja
ТРПИЊА.jpg
Coat of arms of Trpinja
Coat of arms
Općina Trpinja-Општина Трпиња.jpgTrpinja.jpg
Trpinja is located in Croatia
Trpinja
Trpinja
Location of Trpinja in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°25′N 18°54′E / 45.417°N 18.900°E / 45.417; 18.900
Country Croatia
RegionSlavonia (Podunavlje)
CountyFlag of Vukovar-Syrmia County.svg Vukovar-Srijem
Government
 • Municipal mayorMiroslav Palić[3] (SDSS[3])
Area
 • Total123.87 km2 (47.83 sq mi)
Elevation
86 m (282 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total5,572
 • Density45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
32224 Trpinja
Area code(s)32
Vehicle registrationVU
Official languagesCroatian, Serbian[2]
Municipality establishedApril 13, 1997[4]
Websitewww.opcinatrpinja.hr

Trpinja (Serbian Cyrillic: Трпиња) is a village and an eponymous municipality in the Vukovar-Srijem County in eastern Croatia. The village is located on the D55 road between Osijek and Vukovar. The Municipality of Trpinja was established in 1997 by the UNTAES administration as one of new predominantly Serb municipalities in order to ensure access to local self-government to Serb community in the region. The municipality is northernmost one in the Vukovar-Srijem Country and there are in total 7 villages within municipal boundaries. At the time of 2011 census the municipality had a population of 5,572 and the village of Trpinja itself 1,537.

Languages and names

Settlement's name

In Serbian Cyrillic the village is known as Трпиња, and in Hungarian as Terpenye.

The villages of Trpinja, Bobota and Vera share a common legend about the origin of their names. According to the legend, the ancestors of today's inhabitants of villages, who settled at the time of the Great Serb Migrations under Arsenije III Čarnojević, were called Bobe. They were fleeing from the Ottoman Empire conquests of Balkan as they wanted to preserve their religious freedom.

This legendary religious commitment and orthodoxy was coined in the local phrase Bobe endured for the faith or originally in Serbian Bobe trpiše za veru. The family name of 'Bobe' was used as the basis for the name of Bobota, the word 'endured' (Serbian: trpiti) the name of Trpinja was created and from the word of faith (Serbian: vera) the name of Vera was coined.[5]

Another story tells that the name of Trpinja originated from a landowner Trpimir who owned the land in the vicinity.[5]

Serbian language

Bilingual sign in village of Vera

Serbian language together with the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet is the second co-official language within the boundaries of the municipality including all settlement except predominantly Croat one Ćelije.[1] The statute guarantees that Serbian Cyrillic alphabet will be used in text of seals and stamps, on plates of representative, executive and administrative bodies of the municipality, as well as on those of legal entities with public authority.[1] Pre-school education for the Serb community is organized and conducted in Serbian language and Cyrillic alphabet according to the local statute.[1] Elementary education is provided in Serbian as well.

Geography

The municipality is located on the border between historical regions of Slavonia and Syrmia, in the southern part of Pannonian Basin in the Podunavlje region. The total area of the municipality is 123.87 km2 (47.8 sq mi).[6] The river Vuka flows through the municipality in length of 8 kilometers as well as an artificial Bobota Canal in the length of 20 kilometers. The territory of the municipality is completely flat, with very fertile black soil. The municipality shares borders with Borovo, Bogdanovci, Nuštar, Tordinci, Šodolovci and Erdut municipalities, with the town of Vukovar and the city of Osijek.

Climate and weather

Trpinja municipality has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification. Due to the continental influence temperature differences during the year are more pronounced than in the rest of the country.

Transportation

Trpinja is connected by D2 road with rest of the country. D55 road goes through the village Bršadin. County road Ž4111 goes through the villages of Pačetin, Bobota and Vera.

Railway line M601 that connects Vinkovci, Borovo Naselje and Vukovar goes through the Trpinja municipality.

Biome

History

Trpinja on map of Syrmia County from 1900

Name of the Trpinja settlement was first mentioned in 1329 in one document issued in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary. Document is today kept in Budapest, Hungary.[5] In fact in this period at the place of present Trpinja were settlements Mala Trpinja, Velika Trpinja and Slavenska Trpinja.[5] Villages were owned by the gentry until they were conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1536.[5] Ottoman authorities settled Serb population in this area, which resulted in decreased percentage of local Hungarians. Area was under Ottoman administration until 1691, when it was conquered by the Habsburg Monarchy. According to the census of 1732, Trpinja had 109 Serb families. Construction of the Serbian Orthodox church began in 1750 and was completed in 1755. The first school in Trpinja was opened in 1776, while in 1859 Trpinja had a factory for spinning silk.[5] In 1882, population of Trpinja numbered about 1,800 people in 400 homes. The inhabitants were Christian Orthodox Serbs, except 2-3 families who were of Roman Catholic faith.[5] Although the period of First World War in the village was marked by disease and poverty, Trpinja residents hosted the population of the village of Jakovo. The villagers participated in the anti-fascist struggle during World War II, and one number of them ended up in concentration camps of Independent State of Croatia.[5] During the war, 452 soldiers from Trpinja fought in the 9th Slavonian Brigade, of which 75 were killed.[5] 170 Romani people from Trpinja were arrested by Ustaše and taken to Jasenovac concentration camp in 1942, no one of them returned.[5] According to the 1981 census, Trpinja had 2,243 inhabitants.

Blago Zadro (middle) on the Trpinja road during the Battle of Vukovar

Between 1991 and 1997, Trpinja was controlled by the Serbs who rebelled against the democratically elected Croatian Government. During that time, the non-Serb population was subjected to unlawful arrests, imprisonment, physical, mental and sexual abuse and killings by the members of local Serb paramilitary formations. Civilians were physically and mentally abused on a daily basis, forced to sing Chetnik songs, threatened with mutilation by cutting off limbs and body parts, men were forced to kneel in the village center and graze the grass, women were threatened with rape, with one being raped and another forced to drink blood that was leaking from the broken nose of an abused man. Ten captives from Trpinja, as well as civilians captured in Borovo and severely wounded civilians from the Borovo Commerce hospital, who had previously been brutally beaten, had been executed in the nearby Bobotski kanal. In 2016, 10 Serbs were convicted for war crimes against prisoners of war and civilians to prison sentences ranging between 5 and 20 years.[7][8][9] During the Battle of Vukovar, Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and various paramilitary forces from Serbia tried to break through the Vukovar defense from the direction of Trpinja, namely through Trpinjska cesta, the road that connected Trpinja and Vukovar. However, the Croatian soldiers of the Croatian National Guard (ZNG) and civilian volunteers, led by Major general Blago Zadro, offered strong resistance, during which they destroyed about 30 JNA tanks and armored vehicles which gave road the nickname "tank graveyard".[10] Trpinja was reintegrated into Croatia with the Erdut Agreement.

Demographics

Population

There are 1,537 inhabitants in village Trpinja and 5,572 inhabitants in the municipality according to the 2011 census.[11] The majority of the population are Serbs, making up 89.75% of the population according to the 2011 population census.[12]

Religion

Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord is a Serbian Orthodox church in village of Trpinja listed in Register of Cultural Goods of Croatia. On the territory of the municipality there are also Serbian Orthodox Church of St. George in Bobota as well as churches in Vera, Pačetin and Bršadin. There is also Roman Catholic church in village of Ćelije.

Politics

Joint Council of Municipalities

The Municipality of Trpinja is one of seven Serb majority member municipalities within the Joint Council of Municipalities, inter-municipal sui generis organization of ethnic Serb community in eastern Croatia established on the basis of Erdut Agreement. As Serb community constitute majority of the population of the municipality it is represented by 2 delegated Councillors at the Assembly of the Joint Council of Municipalities, double the number of Councilors to the number from Serb minority municipalities in Eastern Croatia.[13]

Municipality government

The municipality assembly is composed of 15 representatives with one additional member added in 2017 to achieve proportional representation of municipal ethnic Croat community. Assembly members come from electoral lists winning more than 5% of votes. Dominant party in Trpinja since the reintegration of eastern Slavonia in 1998 is Independent Democratic Serb Party with rise of support for independent lists in recent years. 2.557 or 56,67 % out of 4.512 voters participated in 2017 Croatian local elections with 92,14 % valid votes.[14] With 58,31% and 1.505 votes independent Miroslav Palić was elected as municipality major with Svetislav Mikerević from Independent Democratic Serb Party coming second with 39,29 %.[14] As of 2017, the member parties/lists are:

e • d Summary of the 2017 Croatian local elections
Party Votes % Seats
Candidates list of group of voters-Miroslav Palić 1.109 47,07 % 8
Independent Democratic Serb Party 815 34,59 % 5+1
Candidates list of group of voters-Miroljub Maširević 164 6,96 % 1
Social Democratic Party of Croatia 136 5,77 % 1
Candidates list of group of voters-Tatjana Milinković 132 5,60 % 0
Invalid/blank votes 201 7,86 %
Total 2.557 100
Registered voters/turnout 4.512 56,67 %
Trpinja Local Elections 2017.png
Source: : [14] page 87-90 (in Croatian)

Economy

Trpinja is an underdeveloped municipality which is statistically classified as the First Category Area of Special State Concern by the Government of Croatia.[15] The most common economic activities are tillage and animal husbandry.

Education

Elementary School in Trpinja
Elementary School in Trpinja

Elementary School in Trpinja is one of the oldest schools in the region. It was established back in 1776.[16] Classes at the school take place exclusively in the Serbian language (exception are Croatian and foreign languages).[16] Upon completion of eight years of elementary school, students usually continue their education in secondary schools in Vukovar where they could attend classes in Serbian language. The three most popular universities after high school are University of Novi Sad, University of Osijek and University of Belgrade.

Culture

Municipality Symbols

Coat of arms of Trpinja Municipality is in yellow (golden) color with green clover with three leaves in the middle. Flag of Trpinja Municipality is a monochrome blue with the coat of arms in the middle of the flag.[17]

Points of Interest

monument fallen soldiers from World War II

Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord in Trpinja was built from 1753 until 1757.[18] The church is a cultural monument and is on the list of immovable cultural heritage of Republic of Croatia. Valuable objects in the church are also on the list of movable cultural heritage of Republic of Croatia. Object is in regular use and is also open for visitors at certain time. Tourist visitors pay no entrance.

At the central site in Trpinja there is a monument dedicated to fallen soldiers from World War II and the fallen soldiers and victims of war in 1991.

Local cultural society "Mladost" was founded in 1995. Its work preserves and promotes the folk customs and culture of Serbs of the Croatian Danube region.

Associations and Institutions

In the village exist a volunteer fire department Trpinja,[19] folk Cultural and Artistic Association "MLADOST", Serbian Cultural Society "Prosvjeta",[20] football club "Sinđelić", chess club "Trpinja",[21] Hunting Association "Srndać" and Hunting Association "Trpinja",[22] Association of subsidiaries of pensioners of Trpinja municipality and Subsidiary of pensioners of Trpinja,[23] "Treća životna dob" ("Third age"), The association of anti-fascist fighters of the National Liberation War and Anti-Fascists of Trpinja municipality.[24]

Settlements

There are seven villages in the municipality.[25]

Settlement Population
Bobota 1,540
Bršadin 1,357
Ćelije 121
Ludvinci 113
Pačetin 548
Trpinja 1,537
Vera 458

Sport

In 2011 local amateur football club Sinđelić, which is named after Stevan Sinđelić, was a champion of the regional Veterans League of Joint Council of Municipalities. The Chess Club Trpinja is also active.

Notable natives and residents

Twin municipalities – Sister municipalities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Statut Općine Trpinja" (PDF). Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Informacija o rezultatima izbora članova predstavničkih tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
  4. ^ "O općini". Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j [www.trpinja.hr][dead link]
  6. ^ "Vukovarsko-srijemska županija-popis općina". Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  7. ^ [www.jutarnji.hr]
  8. ^ [www.vecernji.hr]
  9. ^ [www.glas-slavonije.hr]
  10. ^ [www.vecernji.hr]
  11. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Trpinja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  12. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Vukovar-Sirmium". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  13. ^ "Konstituisan 6. saziv Zajedničkog veća opština l" (in Serbian). Zagreb: Privrednik. 1 August 2017.
  14. ^ a b c "Informacija o izborima članova predstavničkih tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave i općinskih načelnika, gradonačelnika i župana te njihovih zamjenika - 2017 (Vukovarsko-srijemska županija)" (PDF) (in Croatian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  15. ^ Lovrinčević, Željko; Davor, Mikulić; Budak, Jelena (June 2004). "AREAS OF SPECIAL STATE CONCERN IN CROATIA- REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS". Ekonomski pregled, Vol.55 No.5-6. Archived from the original on 2018-08-18. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  16. ^ a b "Osnovna škola Trpinja-Povijest". Retrieved 2013-03-08.
  17. ^ Trpinja Municipality Statute
  18. ^ Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-20. Retrieved 2011-12-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ Vukovar-Srijem "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-30. Retrieved 2011-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ [www.trpinja.hr][permanent dead link]
  21. ^ [www.trpinja.hr][permanent dead link]
  22. ^ [www.trpinja.hr][permanent dead link]
  23. ^ [www.trpinja.hr][permanent dead link]
  24. ^ [www.trpinja.hr][permanent dead link]
  25. ^ "Ministarstvo uprave-Podaci o matičnom uredu Trpinja". Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  26. ^ "ОДЛУКУ о партнерству и сарадњи између Општине Бачка Паланка и Општине Трпиња из Републике Хрватске" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-10.[permanent dead link]

External links