|City of Troy|
Aerial view looking east along Big Beaver Road
The City of Tomorrow ... Today
Location within Oakland County
|Organized||1827 (as Troy Township)|
|• Mayor||Ethan Baker|
|• City manager||Mark F. Miller|
|• City||33.63 sq mi (87.10 km2)|
|• Land||33.46 sq mi (86.67 km2)|
|• Water||0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)|
|Elevation||748 ft (228 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,504.57/sq mi (967.03/km2)|
|• Metro||4,296,250 (Metro Detroit)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||248 and 947|
|GNIS feature ID||1615125|
Troy is a city located in Metropolitan Detroit's northern suburbs in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 80,980 at the 2010 census, making it the 11th-largest city in Michigan by population, and the largest city in Oakland County. Troy has become a business and shopping destination in the Metro Detroit area, with numerous office centers and the upscale Somerset Collection mall.
In 2011, Troy was ranked the safest city in Michigan, as well as the 19th safest city in the nation. In 2008, Troy was ranked 22nd on a list of "Best Places to Live" in the United States by CNN Money, using criteria including housing, quality of education, economic strength, and recreational opportunities. In 2008, Troy ranked as the fourth most affordable U.S. city with a median household income of approximately $79,000.
The earliest recorded purchases of land in what was known as Troy Township occurred in 1819. A couple of years later a settlement known as Troy Corners was established due to Johnson Niles buying 160 acres in the region. The area is currently the north-central area of Troy. In 1827 Troy Township was established. In 1955 Troy was officially incorporated primarily as a strategy for preventing border cities from taking more land.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.64 square miles (87.13 km2), of which 33.47 square miles (86.69 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water. The latitude of Troy is 42.605 N, and the longitude is 83.15 W. The mean elevation is 748 ft (228 m).
|Climate data for Troy, Michigan (48098)|
|Record high °F (°C)||66
|Average high °F (°C)||30
|Average low °F (°C)||16
|Record low °F (°C)||−21
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.77
The Troy Historic Village is a fully interactive historical museum chronicling the different stages of Troy's progression from its first settlers to the city it has become today. Located at the corners of Livernois Road and Wattles Road, the village is located behind the old city hall building. Open year-round, the village has ten original, complete structures which patrons may enter and observe how they functioned in the past and how they were decorated, as all buildings are full of artifacts from that period. Each structure is original and was painstakingly moved from its original location to the museum intact. Starting with a log and mud structure used by the first settlers, there is also an 18th-century schoolhouse and estate, a general store, a blacksmith's shop, a church along with the pastor's home, and the old city hall, which acts as a general museum. There is a gazebo in the center of the square which will host parties and period bands during annual festivities. Many schools from around the area plan field trips to the museum, and the church is also available for weddings.
In the summer of 2005, to commemorate the city's 50th anniversary, ceramic beaver statues, each standing four feet (1.2 m) high, were displayed at various locations in the city. The beaver is the symbol of Troy, and the city's main commercial thoroughfare (Big Beaver Road) is named after it.
In addition to the Detroit News and Detroit Free Press, regional newspapers serving all of southeast Michigan, the city is served by the Daily Tribune (published daily), the Observer & Eccentric (which is published twice a week), the Troy Beacon (published every Thursday), the Troy Times, and the Troy-Somerset Gazette and, most recently, Troy Patch. The Troy Eccentric newspaper edition ceased publication in 2009.
Troy is a thriving center of business, particularly in the automotive and financial sectors, and is home to a number of major companies. Troy has the second highest cumulative property value in Michigan, second only to Detroit. Troy is home to the Somerset Collection mall, featuring a skywalk and over 180 stores, and the Oakland Mall. The Top of Troy is the city's tallest building with offices of PNC Financial Services. Bank of America maintains a major operations center in Troy.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $84,330, and the median income for a family was $101,271. Males had a median income of $66,475 versus $41,026 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,936. About 1.7% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 80,980 people, 30,703 households, and 22,443 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,419.5 inhabitants per square mile (934.2/km2). There were 32,907 housing units at an average density of 983.2 per square mile (379.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.1% White, 4.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 19.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 30,703 households of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.9% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.14.
The median age in the city was 41.8 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24% were from 25 to 44; 31.6% were from 45 to 64; and 13.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.
From the census of 2000, there were 80,959 people, 30,018 households, and 21,883 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,413.9 people per square mile (932.0/km²). There were 30,872 housing units at an average density of 920.5 per square mile (355.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.30% White, 2.09% African American, 0.15% Native American, 13.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 30,018 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.
From 1990 to 2000, of all of the municipalities in Oakland, Wayne, and Macomb counties, Troy had the highest numeric growth in the Asian population. It had 4,932 Asians according to the 1990 U.S. Census and 10,730 according to the 2000 U.S. Census, an increase of 5,798 Asians. The increase gave Troy the largest Asian-American population in the tri-county area, surpassing that of Detroit.
Troy uses the Council-Manager form of government, and thus is governed by a City Council consisting of a Mayor and six council members. The city council appoints a City Manager, who manages the day-to-day operations of the city.
The City of Troy and City of Clawson on its southern border compose Michigan's 41st District for State Representative. The district is currently represented by Padma Kuppa in the State House since 2019, and in the state Senate by Mallory McMorrow, since 2019. The district was previously represented in the State House by Martin Howrylak since 2013, and in the state Senate by Marty Knollenberg, since 2015. On the national level, Troy was part of the 9th district, represented by Joe Knollenberg from 1993–2009 and Gary Peters, who defeated Knollenberg in a highly publicized race in November 2008. Nationally, Troy is part of the 11th district, held by Democrat Haley Stevens.
In May 2010, the Troy city council voted to adopt a budget that called for the Troy Public Library to close on July 1, 2011. A proposal was made to increase property taxes in order for the library to run independently, but the citizens voted it down by a 2.2 percent margin. A Library millage was ultimately passed in 2010 that exists today.
Troy is home to Walsh College, a business-oriented school, as well as branches for the University of Phoenix, Northwood University, Central Michigan University, Spring Arbor University, and the International Academy of Design and Technology. Michigan State University also has its Management Education Center (Eli Broad College of Business) located off of I-75 near the intersection of Crooks Rd. and Square Lake Rd. (19 Mile).
There are 7 different school districts serving the city of Troy; however, Troy School District serves almost of the city limits. The district has multiple elementary schools, four middle schools, and two zoned high schools: Troy High School and Athens High School.
There are also three school districts that have sizable portions of territory in Troy and that operate at least one elementary school within the city; these are Avondale School District, in the north and northwest most portion of the city, which operates Woodland Elementary there, Birmingham City School District, in the southwest most portion, which operates Pembroke Elementary there, and Warren Consolidated Schools, in the southeast, which operates Susick Elementary within the city.
In addition, there are two other school districts within the city that have residential territory there, those being Bloomfield Hills School District, with a portion of the northwest part of the city, and Royal Oak School District, which has a very small portion of the southern part of the city. Finally, a small area of commercial property also in the south lies within the borders of Lamphere Public Schools
The Troy School District also hosts the eastern campus of the International Academy, currently ranked 7th in the Newsweek rankings of the best public high schools in the United States. The school has been located in the older Baker Middle School building since the beginning of the 2008–2009 academic year. Previously, Troy sent students through the class of 2011 to the central IA campus in Bloomfield Hills.
Oakland-Troy Airport (FAA LID: VLL, ICAO: KVLL), formerly (IATA: 7D2, ICAO: K7D2) is a small suburban general aviation airport operated by Oakland County and has a single 3,550 feet x 60 feet (1082 m x 18 m) paved runway.
The Oakland-Troy Airport is considered the County's 'executive' airport. Business travelers and tourists using private, corporate and charter aircraft benefit from the airport's convenient proximity to business, recreation and entertainment facilities. It is located between Maple Road and 14 Mile Road.
Charter passenger, air freight, as well as aircraft maintenance and fuel, are available on the field.
Troy was also home to the Big Beaver Airport, (IATA: 3BB), which was located at the corners of Big Beaver Road and John R Road. It opened in 1946 and closed in 1995 due to declining use and pressure to sell the land for commercial development.
M-1/Woodward Avenue and US-24/Telegraph Road are on the west side of Troy and provide access to the city.
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