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Treble (association football)

FC Barcelona are the only European team in football history to win a continental treble twice, in 2008–09 and in 2014–15 (pictured).

A treble in association football is achieved when a club team wins three trophies in a single season. A continental treble[1] involves winning the club's national league competition, main national cup competition and a continental trophy. A domestic treble involves winning three national competitions—normally the league title, the primary cup competition and one secondary competition.[2][3]

Continental trebles

This list includes clubs who have won their country's top-tier league and the primary cup competition (the double), in addition to the major continental tournament, all within a single season. This was first achieved in 1967 by Celtic, winning the Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup and European Cup. They also won the Scottish League Cup that year, making them the only team in history to win the domestic treble and the European Cup (although most European nations do not have a League Cup).[4]

In total, seven European clubs have achieved the feat since 1967.[5] FC Barcelona is the only club to have won this treble twice.[6][7] Cruz Azul is the only Mexican team to have won an international treble, having achieved it twice in 1969 and 1997.[8]

No South American team has achieved the feat with the above stipulations, with clubs in its most successful nations hampered by the absence of a major domestic knockout cup: the Copa do Brasil only began in 1989,[9] and the Copa Argentina in 2011;[10] Uruguay still does not have one. In 1962, Brazil's Santos won the Copa Libertadores, the Taça Brasil and the Campeonato Paulista (state championship).[11][12]

Confederation Club Country Season/Year(s) Titles won
AFC Yomiuri Japan Japan 1987[13] Japanese First Division, Emperor's Cup, Asian Club Championship
CAF Englebert Democratic Republic of the Congo DR Congo 1967[14] Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
Vita Club Zaire Zaire 1973[15] Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
MC Algiers Algeria Algeria 1976[16] Algerian Championnat National, Algerian Cup, African Cup of Champions
Hearts of Oak Ghana Ghana 2000[17] Ghana Premier League, Ghanaian FA Cup, CAF Champions League
Al Ahly Egypt Egypt 2005–06[18] Egyptian League, Egypt Cup, CAF Champions League
Al Ahly (2) Egypt Egypt 2006–07[18] Egyptian League, Egypt Cup, CAF Champions League
Espérance Tunisia Tunisia 2011[19] Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, Tunisian Cup, CAF Champions League
CONCACAF Cruz Azul Mexico Mexico 1969 Mexican Primera División, Copa México, CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Defence Force Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 1985[20] TT Pro League, Trinidad and Tobago Cup, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Cruz Azul (2) Mexico Mexico 1997 Mexican Primera División, Copa México, CONCACAF Champions' Cup
OFC Auckland City New Zealand New Zealand 2005–06[21] NZFC Minor Premiership, NZFC Grand Final, OFC Champions League
Waitakere United New Zealand New Zealand 2007–08[22] NZFC Minor Premiership, NZFC Grand Final, OFC Champions League
Auckland City (2) New Zealand New Zealand 2013–14[21] NZFC Minor Premiership, NZFC Grand Final, OFC Champions League
Auckland City (3) New Zealand New Zealand 2014–15[21] NZFC Minor Premiership, NZFC Grand Final, OFC Champions League
UEFA Celtic Scotland Scotland 1966–67 Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup, European Cup
Ajax Netherlands Netherlands 1971–72 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
PSV Eindhoven Netherlands Netherlands 1987–88 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
Manchester United England England 1998–99 Premier League, FA Cup, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona Spain Spain 2008–09 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Internazionale Italy Italy 2009–10 Serie A, Coppa Italia, UEFA Champions League
Bayern Munich Germany Germany 2012–13 Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona (2) Spain Spain 2014–15 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League

Domestic trebles

Club Country Number
won
Year(s) won Titles won
Rangers Scotland Scotland
9
1930, 1934, 1949, 1964, 1976, 1978, 1993, 1999, 2003[23] Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Glasgow Cup (1930, 1934)
Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup (1949 onwards)
Celtic Scotland Scotland
8
1907, 1908, 1967, 1969, 2001, 2017, 2018, 2019[24] Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Glasgow Cup (1907, 1908)
Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup (1967 onwards)
Linfield Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
5
1922, 1962, 1994, 2006, 2008[25][26][27][28] Irish League, Irish Cup, County Antrim Shield (1922, 1962)
Irish League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (1994, 2006, 2008)
Glasgow City Scotland Scotland
5
2009, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015[29][30][31] Scottish Women's Premier League, Scottish Women's Cup, SWPL Cup
Shamrock Rovers Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland
3
1925, 1932, 1964[32] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield
Buriram United Thailand Thailand
3
2011, 2013, 2015[33] Thai League 1, Thai FA Cup, Thai League Cup
Paris Saint-Germain France France
3
2015, 2016, 2018[34][35] Ligue 1, Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue
Valletta Malta Malta
2
1997, 2001[36] Maltese Premier League, Maltese Cup, Löwenbräu Cup
Kedah Malaysia Malaysia
2
2007, 2008[37] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
The New Saints Wales Wales
2
2015, 2016[38] Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Bohemians Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland
1
1928[39] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield
Fall River Marksmen United States United States
1
1930[40] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Athletic Bilbao Spain Spain
1
1931[41][42][43] La Liga, Copa del Rey, Biscay Championship
Brookhattan United States United States
1
1945[44] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Santos Brazil Brazil
1
1964[45] Taça Brasil, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Campeonato Paulista
Toronto Croatia Canada Canada
1
1971[46] NSL Cup, NSL Regular Season Champion, NSL Playoff Champion
Levski Sofia Bulgaria Bulgaria
1
1984[47] Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army
CSKA Sofia Bulgaria Bulgaria
1
1989[47] Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army
Derry City Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
1
1989[48] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup
South China Hong Kong Hong Kong
1
1991[49] Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Challenge Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup, Viceroy Cup
Palmeiras Brazil Brazil
1
1993[50] Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Campeonato Paulista
Melbourne Knights Australia Australia
1
1995[51] NSL Cup, NSL Minor Premiership, NSL Grand Final
Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya Iraq Iraq
1
1997[52] Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup
Al-Zawra'a Iraq Iraq
1
2000[53] Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup
Bayern Munich Germany Germany
1
2000[54] Bundesliga, DFB-Pokal, DFL-Ligapokal
Kashima Antlers Japan Japan
1
2000[55] J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Cruzeiro Brazil Brazil
1
2003[56] Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Copa do Brasil, Campeonato Mineiro
Rhyl Wales Wales
1
2004[57] Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Sun Hei Hong Kong Hong Kong
1
2005[49] Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup
Al-Sadd Qatar Qatar
1
2007[58] Qatari League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Crown Prince Cup
Arsenal Ladies England England
1
2007[59][60][61] FA Women's Premier League, FA Women's Cup, FA Women's Premier League Cup
Al Ahed Lebanon Lebanon
1
2011[62] Lebanese Premier League, Lebanese FA Cup, Lebanese Elite Cup
Kelantan Malaysia Malaysia
1
2012[63] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Atlético Nacional Colombia Colombia
1
2013[64] Categoría Primera A Torneo Apertura, Copa Colombia, Categoría Primera A Torneo Finalización
Benfica Portugal Portugal
1
2014[65] Primeira Liga, Taça de Portugal, Taça da Liga
Gamba Osaka Japan Japan
1
2014[55] J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Maccabi Tel Aviv FC Israel Israel
1
2015[66] Israeli Premier League, Israel State Cup, Toto Cup
Toronto FC Canada Canada
1
2017[67] Supporters' Shield, MLS Cup, Canadian Championship
Manchester City England England
1
2019[68] Premier League, FA Cup, EFL Cup

See also

References

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External links