Map of Thailand highlighting Trat Province
|Coordinates:center of province|
|• Governor||Pichian Limwangyoo|
(since October 2019)
|• Total||2,819 km2 (1,088 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 62nd|
|• Rank||Ranked 74th|
|• Density||81.57/km2 (211.3/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 60th|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2017)||0.6049 "somewhat high"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-23|
Trat (Thai: ตราด, pronounced [tràːt]) is one of seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in eastern Thailand and is easternmost along the Thai coast. It has borders with Chanthaburi Province to the northwest, Cambodia to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the south. Trat is 315 km from Bangkok.
Trat is known for gemstone mining and trading.
The history of Trat can be traced back to the early 17th century during the reign of King Prasat Thong of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. Formerly known as Mueang Thung Yai, Trat has played an important role in the development of the country's stability and economy due to its strategic location. The town of Trat later become a community of Chinese merchants.
After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese in 1767, Trat served as a checkpoint and buffer city and was responsible for providing provisions to King Taksin the Great before he moved his forces from Chanthaburi to Ayutthaya. King Taksin then succeeded in driving out the Burmese invaders and liberated the kingdom from foreign rule.
In the Rattanakosin era, during the 1893 Paknam crisis, French troops landed and occupied the western part of Chantaburi Province. In 1904, Siam was forced to surrender Trat to French Indochina in order to regain Chantaburi. Three years later, however, finding that Trat with its almost entirely Thai population was hard to rule, the French returned Trat to Thailand on 23 March 1907, in exchange for larger areas along the Mekong river, which included Battambang, Siam Nakhon, and Sisophon, which all have a Khmer majority population.
During the French-Thai War of 1940-1941, the Vichy French navy sailed from Saigon to seize Trat. The unprepared Thai warships were caught by surprise. By the end of the 17 January 1941 Battle of Ko Chang, three Thai ships had been left sinking: the HTMS Chonburi, HTMS Songkhla, and HTMS Thonburi. French casualties were light with no ships lost. The Japanese government negotiated a truce, which ended the conflict without further fighting.
When the Vietnamese pushed the Khmer Rouge out of Cambodia in 1985, Pol Pot fled to Thailand and made his headquarters in a plantation villa near Trat. It was built for him by the Thai Army and nicknamed "Office 87".
The provincial seal shows the sea with the Khao Banthat mountain range in the background.
As of 26 November 2019 there are: one Trat Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 14 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Trat has town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 13 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 29 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
|Province Trat, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6049 is "somewhat high", occupies place 27 in the ranking.|
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
|1 - 15||"high"|
|16 - 30||"somewhat high"|
|31 - 45||"average"|
|45 - 60||"somewhat low"|
|61 - 77||"low"|
|Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings|
Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.
A wooden bridge to the pier at Ko Lao Ya Nai, Mu Ko Chang National Park
The third biggest island of Thailand - Ko Chang. The name Ko Chang means 'Elephant Island' and derives from its elephant-shaped headland.
15 Trat: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 13 Subdistrict mun., 29 SAO.
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