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Transport in Uruguay

The Transport network in Uruguay consists of 1,641 km of rail network, 7,743 km of roads, 1,600 km of navigable waterways, and 15 airports/landing fields.

Railways

Uruguayan railways have a total length of 2,835.5 kilometres (1,761.9 mi) (all standard gauge as of 2005). Of those railways, 1,507.8 kilometres (936.9 mi) are in service and 1,327.7 kilometres (825.0 mi) are out of service.

Passenger services

Regular passenger services are operated between Montevideo and 25 de Agosto (63 km) since August 26, 1993 (previously all regular passenger services were withdrawn on January 2, 1988). One daily train was extended to San José (96 km from Montevideo) on January 15, 2007, and other was extended from 25 de Agosto to Florida (109 km from Montevideo) on January 2, 2008. Another line, which operates between Montevideo and Ingeniero Victor Sudriers, was reopened on December 15, 2005 (44 km).

International links

Future

The state railway administration AFE has announced that starting January, 2010, 419 km of track will be renewed on the Pintado-Rivera section of the central main line and part of the international branch from Rivera to Santana do Livramento, using north of Chamberlain Russian rail given in lieu of a debt. The programme will cost $30m.[1]

Roadways

  • Total roadways: 77,732 kilometres (48,300 mi)
  • Paved roadways: 7,743 kilometres (4,811 mi)
  • Unpaved: 69,989 kilometres (43,489 mi) (2010)

National Roads

Motorways

Uruguay has a small network of motorways, owing to the low demand due to sparse population outside the capital. The few highways with 4 lanes are:

Fuel stations

The traditional fuel stations were Ancap, Esso, Shell and Texaco. In 2005-2006, Petrobras bought the 90 Shell stations. In 2006-2007, Ancap bought the 90 Texaco stations. In 2011, Bridas bought the Esso stations but kept the brand.

Waterways

In Uruguay, 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) is used by coastal and shallow-draft river craft.

Ports and harbors

Uruguay has a number of ports and harbors including: Montevideo, Fray Bentos, Nueva Palmira, Paysandú, La Paloma, Juan Lacaze, Carmelo, Conchillas, Salto, Punta del Este, Colonia del Sacramento, Piriápolis, Mercedes.

Airports

Uruguay had a total of 94 airfields as of 2012, 11 of which have paved runways. The country is primarily served by the Carrasco International Airport in Montevideo. Handing just over 1.5 million passengers a year, its operating traffic is significantly lighter than others in the region such as Buenos Aires-Ezeiza and São Paulo-Guarulhos.

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 11
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 2 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 83
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 27
under 914 m: 53 (2012)

National airline

  • None; PLUNA ceased operations on July 5, 2012.

Pipelines

As of 2010, Uruguay has 226 km of natural gas pipeline, and 155 km of oil line.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Pointers February 2009". Railway Gazette International. 2009-02-07.