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|Transitional representative council|
Also known as:|
|Category||Provinces of South Africa|
|Location||Republic of South Africa|
|Created by||Local Government Transition Act with Election Regulations 209 of 1993|
|Created||27 April 1994|
Municipal Structures Act 117 of 1998|
Municipal Systems Act 32 of 2000
|Abolished||5 December 2000|
|Number||1 (as of 2016)|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
A transitional representative council (Afrikaans: Verteenwoordigende oorgangsraad) is a local administrative division in South Africa. Between 1994 and 2000 it was the default type of municipal government. Every proclaimed village, town or city had its own transitional representative council. After apartheid it was created as a provisional local representation until the formation of a more final municipal structure. Due to the implementation of a municipal system in 2000, all - except one - transitional representative councils were abolished and their areas were merged into new municipalities.
During apartheid, local government was split between different racial and cultural groups. The result was a very scattered governmental landscape at the local level. To induce the integration of these entities, the transitional representative councils were established. Therefore, the transitional representative councils were a composition of representatives of all existing local government bodies, including former black local authorities, former (white) local councils, boards of rural areas, committees for local affairs, regional service councils, joint service boards, joint-decision making bodies, joint local authorities, other official local authorities and persons, institutions or bodies with local government powers i.e. private towns and mining towns.
The representatives sitting in the transitional representative councils were representatives of existing local bodies. As in an indirect election system, a representative could be replaced after elections for these local bodies, which happened after the South African municipal elections of 1995–96.
In the process to a new municipal structure, the transitional representative councils were the basis of the merger. During the process they were consulted by the Municipal Demarcation Board. In late 1999 it became clear what transitional representative councils - with their local bodies - would merge into one municipality. In all cases - except one - the provincial governments, the municipal demarcation board and the transitional representative councils could reach agreements about the merger into and the foundation of new municipalities. After these agreements the abolition of each transitional representative council was published in the provincial government gazettes. The abolition of the transitional representative councils effectively took place at 5 December 2000, during the South African municipal elections of 2000.
In the case of the Afrikaner-town of Orania, the abolition of the Orania Transitional Representative Council never was published in the provincial government gazette of the Northern Cape. The Orania Transitional Representative Council did also object a proposed merger with Hopetown and Strydenburg. After the provincial government of the Northern Cape published a rectification in its government gazette, the Orania Transitional Representative Council went to court. This lawsuit was handled by the Northern Cape High Court on 4 December 2000, one day before the nationwide local elections. In the light of the mistake of the Northern Cape government to not publish the abolition of the Orania Transitional Representative Council it was very likely that Orania would win the case, with the possible result that the High Court could cancel the elections scheduled for the next day.
Therefore, the case was settled between Orania and the South African government. They agreed that the Orania Transitional Representative Council will remain in place indefinitely with all its powers, rights and duties until there is an agreement about the municipal status of Orania. This agreement was affirmed by the Northern Cape High Court that same day.