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Tourism in Cyprus

Petra tou Romiou ("Rock of the Greek"), where according to Hesiod's Theogony the goddess Aphrodite emerged from the sea.

Tourism in Cyprus occupies a dominant position in the economy.[1][2] Moreover, it significantly impacts Cyprus culture and its multinational/multicultural development throughout the decades.[3][4] In 2006, the tourism industry contributed 10.7% of the GDP which in real terms it generated a total of US$5,445.0 mn. In the same year, the total employment was estimated at 113,000 jobs.[citation needed] With almost 4 million tourist arrivals per year,[5] it is the 40th most popular destination in the world.[6][7] However, per capita of local population it ranks 6th.[8] Cyprus has been a full member of the World Tourism Organization since 1975.[9]

Avakas Gorge in Akamas
Topographic map of Cyprus. Troodos Mountains
Protaras beach in summer
The sandy beaches are often used as habitats for green turtles

History

Varosha, Famagusta was the most popular destination in Cyprus and one of the most popular destinations in the world until the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974.

Arrivals by country

The Rock of the Greek (background), with the Saracen Rock in the foreground

Europe represents the lion's share of tourist arrivals. Over 80% of visitors come from Northern, Western and Eastern Europe, while British tourists remain the most traditional. Several factors contribute to this, including widely spoken English as well as the traditional links from British colonialism and the presence of British military bases at Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The downturn in the British economy in the late 2000s was reflected in a drop in tourist arrivals highlighting the over-reliance of Cyprus' tourist industry on one customer. In 2009 efforts were underway to boost arrivals from other countries.[10] Notably, and inline with the latest geopolitical developments, the second largest segment is Russian tourists - a segment expected to increase even further.[11][12][13]

Total number of tourists in Cyprus in 2018 was 3,938,625. Most visitors arriving to Cyprus on short term basis were from the following countries:[14]

Ayia Thekla beach
Rank Country 2016 2017 2018
1  United Kingdom 1,157,978 Increase 1,253,839 Increase 1,327,805
2  Russia 781,634 Increase 824,494 Decrease 783,631
3  Israel 148,739 Increase 261,966 Decrease 232,561
4  Germany 124,030 Increase 188,826 Increase 189,200
5  Greece 160,254 Increase 169,712 Increase 186,370
6  Sweden 115,019 Increase 136,725 Increase 153,769
7  Poland 42,683 Increase 56,665 Increase 89,508
8   Switzerland[15] 46,602 Increase 57,540 Increase 74,216
9  Ukraine 62,292 Decrease 48,190 Increase 69,619
10  Romania 28,741 Increase 49,304 Increase 66,969

Competitiveness

According to the World Economic Forum's 2013 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report, Cyprus' tourism industry ranks 29th in the world in terms of overall competitiveness. In terms of Tourism Infrastructure, in relation to the tourism industry Cyprus ranks 1st in the world.[16] With some of the most popular[17] and cleanest beaches in Europe,[18] much of the tourist industry relies on "sea sun and sand" to attract tourists.[19] This reflects in the seasonal distribution of tourist arrivals with a disproportionate number arriving during the summer months. Whereas most eastern resorts like Protaras and Ayia Napa lie dormant in the winter months the west of the island remains open to tourism with the promotion of Cypriot history culture, art and specialized sports such as golf and tennis has a wider distribution.

Investment

The World Travel and Tourism Council 2016 report on the island outlines that the total investment in the Travel & Tourism industry in 2015 was EUR273.7mn, or 14.0% of the total investments. It projects a rise by 5.3% in 2016 and 2.9% pa over the next ten years to EUR384.6mn in 2026.[20]

Blue Flags

According to the latest KPMG report, Cyprus has the most dense concentration of Blue Flag beaches, the most Blue Flag beaches per coastline and the most Blue Flags per capita in the world.[21]

Safety & Security

In a 2015 global survey based on data on population, CO2 Emissions, Police personnel, traffic deaths, thefts, assaults and life expectancy the island state ranked as the 5th safest country in the world.[22]

Language & Service

English is the universal language since the island has an international outlook.[23] French and German are also well spoken within the tourist industry.[24] Greek and Turkish remain the main languages spoken by the Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot communities respectively.

Personnel & Education

In 2012, Eurostat reported that Cyprus is the most educated country in Europe after Ireland since 49.9% of Cyprus’s residents have degrees.[25] In 2013, only three other EU Member States invested more public funds in education than Cyprus, as measured by the share of GDP (6.5% compared to a 5.0% EU average).[26]

The Cyprus Tourism Organisation (CTO)

The Cyprus Tourism Organisation, usually abbreviated to CTO, and known as KOT in Greek, was a semi-governmental organisation charged with overseeing the industry practices and promoting the island as a tourism destination abroad. In 2007 the CTO spent a reported €20 million on promotion.[27] In 2019 the CTO was replaced by a government ministry, the Deputy Ministry of Tourism, which took over the assets and responsibilities of the CTO.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Cyprus Travel & Tourism - Climbing to new heights". Accenture. World Travel and Tourism Council. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 12, 2012. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
  2. ^ Cyprus Profile: Cruising to Growth
  3. ^ Ayres, R. (2000) ‘Tourism as a passport to development in small states: Reflections on Cyprus’, International Journal of Social Economics, 27(2), pp. 114–133. doi: 10.1108/03068290010308992
  4. ^ PwC: Opening the vault of tourism in Cyprus
  5. ^ [cyprus-mail.com]
  6. ^ Moody's: Cypriot banks benefit from strong tourism in 2016
  7. ^ CTO eyes nearly three million tourists in 2016
  8. ^ "Economy Statistics - Tourist arrivals (per capita) (most recent) by country". Nationmaster. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
  9. ^ "UNWTO member states". World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). Archived from the original on 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
  10. ^ "Cyprus taps new markets amid decline in tourist arrivals". Xinhua. March 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
  11. ^ SigmaLive: Russian tourism: Cyprus and Greece in top choices
  12. ^ Gold News: Russian Tourism: Increase in Demand for Holidays in Cyprus and Greece
  13. ^ KiprinForm: Why do Russians choose Cyprus?
  14. ^ ARRIVALS OF TOURISTS BY COUNTRY OF USUAL RESIDENCE
  15. ^ Including Liechtenstein.
  16. ^ "Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index". World Economic Forum. 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-01.
  17. ^ "Revealed: Europe's best beach getaways". The Independent. London. 2011-04-05.
  18. ^ "EU bathing water continues to improve, says report". BBC News. 2013-05-21.
  19. ^ Habegger, Larry (2007-06-10). "World Watch - European Clean Beaches". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2007-06-11.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ World Travel and Tourism Council: Travel & Tourism - Economic Impact 2016 Cyprus
  21. ^ KPMG: Cyprus Tourism Market Report
  22. ^ Value Penguin: 2015 Safest Countries in the World
  23. ^ Trip Advisor: Cyprus: Important Phrases
  24. ^ Kiprin Form: Which language do they speak in Cyprus?
  25. ^ University World News: Ireland the most educated country in EU, says Eurostat
  26. ^ European Commission: Education and Training Monitor 2015 Cyprus
  27. ^ "Cyprus to spend a mere EUR 20 mln to promote tourism in 2008". Financial Mirror. 2007-08-17. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-19.

External links