This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Tor Andræ

The Right Reverend

Tor Andrae
Bishop of Linköping
Tor Andrae, Sv Upp.JPG
ChurchChurch of Sweden
DioceseDiocese of Linköping
In office1936-1947
PredecessorErik Aurelius
SuccessorTorsten Ysander
Personal details
Born(1885-07-09)July 9, 1885
Vena, Sweden
DiedFebruary 24, 1947(1947-02-24) (aged 61)
Linköping, Sweden
SpouseEllen Gustafsson (1913-1947)
ChildrenHåkan Andrae
Staffan Andrae
Anders Johan Andrae
Carl Göran Andræ

Tor Julius Efraim Andræ (Swedish: [ˈtuːr anˈdreː]; 9 July 1885  – 24 February 1947) was a Swedish clergyman, professor and scholar of comparative religion who served as Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping. [1]


Andræ was born at Vena parish in Hultsfred Municipality in Kalmar County, Sweden. He came from a clerical family. He was the son of pastor Anders Johan Andræ and Ida Nilsson. He studied theology at Uppsala University, where he completed his Ph.D. in 1917. As a historian of religion, his particular interest lay in the early history of Islam, particularly its Jewish and Christian origins, and in the psychology of religion, but he also combined these interests in the study of early Islamic mysticism. [2]

He became church pastor at Gamla Uppsala in 1924. Between 1927 and 1929, he served as professor of religious history at Stockholm University and then became professor of theological encyclopedia at Uppsala University. Andræ was a student of Nathan Söderblom, whom he succeeded as member of the Swedish Academy in 1932. He was appointed Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping in 1936 and was the same year briefly Minister for Ecclesiastical Affairs (Minister of Education) in the short-lived cabinet of Prime Minister Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp. He died during 1947 in Linköping and was buried at Uppsala gamla kyrkogård. [3]

In 1985, Annemarie Schimmel remarked that until then only one study had "tried specifically to depict Muhammad's role in Islamic piety. Even today Tor Andrae's Die person Muhammeds in lehre und glaube seiner Gemeinde (1918) remains the standard work in this area, unsuperseded by any other major study, though complemented by random remarks in numerous modern work on Sufism. It is, however, unfortunately too little known even among Islamicists." [4]


  1. ^ "Andræ, Tor Julius Efraim". Biografisk matrikel över Svenska kyrkans prästerskap. 1934. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "Andræ, Tor Julius Efraim, biskop, religionsvetenskapsman (1885–1947)". Svenska Akademien. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  3. ^ William A Graham,. "Tor Julius Efraim Andræ". Religion Past and Present. Retrieved April 1, 2020.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  4. ^ Annemarie Schimmel (1985). And Muhammad is his messenger: the veneration of the Prophet in Islamic piety. University of North Carolina Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-8078-1639-4.
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Nathan Söderblom
Swedish Academy,
Seat No 16

Succeeded by
Elias Wessén