This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Tor–Kwerba–Nimboran languages

Tor–Kwerba–Nimboran
(Western North Papuan)
Geographic
distribution
New Guinea
Linguistic classificationNorth Papuan?
  • Tor–Kwerba–Nimboran
Subdivisions
GlottologNone

The Tor–Kwerba–Nimboran languages are a proposed family of about two dozen Papuan languages.

Languages

With the addition of the Nimboran languages, Tor–Kwerba–Nimboran makes up the western branch of Usher's North Papuan family.

Foley (2018) classifies Tor–Kwerba, Nimboran, and Mawes each as separate language families likely unrelated to each other.[1]

Typological overview

Even though grammatical gender is present in Tor-Kwerba languages, there is no overt gender marking on nouns.[1]

Pronouns

Reconstructed proto-Tor-Kwerba independent pronouns are:[1]

Proto-Tor-Kwerba independent pronouns
sg pl
1 *ati ~ *ait *ne(n)
2 *ame *ame

Cognates

Reconstructed proto-Tor-Kwerba words that are widely distributed throughout the family:[1]

  • *nukwe ‘eye’
  • *tVn ‘leg’
  • *nen ‘louse’
  • *uŋis ‘sky’
  • *ti ~ *it ‘tree’

References

  1. ^ a b c d Foley, William A. (2018). "The languages of Northwest New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 433–568. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.

External links