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Toksun County

Toksun County

托克逊县توقسۇن ناھىيىسى
Location of Toksun County (red) within Turpan City (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Toksun County (red) within Turpan City (yellow) and Xinjiang
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Prefecture-level cityTurpan
Area
 • Total16,128 km2 (6,227 sq mi)
Population
110,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Toksun County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese托克逊县
Traditional Chinese托克遜縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurتوقسۇن ناھىيىسى

Toksun County is a county within the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Turpan Prefecture. It contains an area of 16,128 km2 (6,227 sq mi). According to a 2002 estimate, it then had a population of 110,000. Its location in the bottom of the Turpan Depression and an average rainfall of just 25 mm (0.98 in) annually make it a very hot place during summertime. On July 31, 1964, the highest recorded temperature was 53.3 °C (127.9 °F), which is the highest reliable temperature, recorded during standard conditions anywhere in China.[citation needed]

History

The Battle of Toksun took place in this county in July 1933 when Khoja Niyas Hajji, a Uighur leader, defected with his forces to Governor Sheng Shicai. He advanced to Toksun via Dawan Ch'eng, where the Chinese Muslim forces of General Ma Shih-ming achieved victory over Niyas Hajji's forces.[1]

Reportedly enslaved mentally disabled people worked at the Jiaersi Green Construction Material Chemical Factory.

(source:[www.chinadaily.com.cn])

References

  1. ^ Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 111. ISBN 0-521-25514-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.