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Tobo-Kube language

Native toPapua New Guinea
RegionHuon Peninsula, Morobe Province
Native speakers
(7,500 Kube (2000 census), 2,230 Tobo cited 1980 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
kgf – Kube
tbv – Tobo

Kube (Hube) and Tobo, also Mongi, are a Papuan language spoken in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. They are mutually intelligible and 95% lexicostatistically cognate.[3] Dialects of Kube include Kurungtufu and Yoangen (Yoanggeng).

The Kube alphabet includes the letter Q with hook tail, ⟨Ɋ ɋ ⟩.[citation needed]


Vowels (orthographic)

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e é o
Low a

Consonants (orthographic)

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Labiovelar Glottal
Voiceless plosive p t k q -c
Voiced plosive b d g ɋ
Nasal m n
Voiceless affricate z
Voiced affricate ʒ
Voiceless fricative f s h
Voiced trill r
Lateral approximant l
Central approximant y w


  1. ^ Kube at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tobo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kulungtfu-Yuanggeng-Tobo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices