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Tiznit Province

Tiznit is a province in the Moroccan economic region of Souss-Massa. Its population in 2004 was 344,831. [1]

Located near the coast, Sultan Moulay Hassan settled in the area in 1881 to exert his control over dissident Berber tribes of the Souss. In 1912, Ahmed al-Hiba (El Hib), a populist rebel overthrew the French government and proclaimed himself sultan of Tiznit in the town's mosque.[1] He conquered the Sous by uniting the tribes of the Anti Atlas Mountains. He went on to attack Marrakech but was suppressed by the French.

The province of Tiznit is part of west side area of the Anti-Atlas. Tiznit, some 80 km south of Agadir, is a strategic crossroads between the mountains and the Tafraoute region, the Atlantic coast and the great Moroccan Sahara.

Historically speaking, Tiznit was the starting point of the famous dynasty of Almoravides who came to rule Morocco from Madrasa El Ouaggaguia in Aglou (a coastal village 14 Km from Tiznit). The history of the city is also linked to the particular importance the Sultans Alawites granted to the city. Sultan Moulay Hassan I visited Tiznit twice, the first time in 1882 and the second time in 1886.

Among the monuments that characterize the city of Tiznit are Khalifa Palace, El Méchouar Place and the Grand Mosque. The old Medina of Tiznit is enclosed by a wall of five historic gates: Bab Aglou, Bab el Khemis, Bab Targa, Bab el Maader and Bab Oulad Jerrar. All of these gates are of Alawite tradition and strongly resemble those of the city of Essaouira.

Tiznit is the place of manufacture of the finest jewels of the South of Morocco. There are daggers, horse saddles, Fantasia rifles, anklets, pendants that women attach to their chests or foreheads all decorated with semi-precious stones and enamels.

What distinguishes the city of Tiznit is its dynamic civil society. There are more than 200 associations working in a number of areas, particularly development, education, culture, philanthropy, sport, and music; a fact which makes the city the center of a remarkable cultural radiation in the south of Morocco.

Also, Tiznit is lucky to have a number of public facilities; there are five socio-cultural centers in the city, Mokhtar Soussi Multimedia Library, 10 sport fields for proximity, Almassira Stadium with good grass, Olympic Swimming Pool, Cinema Hall Bahia, road station, Museum of Heritage, Handicraft Complex, 4 rated hotels etc.

The city council of Tiznit is highly hailed by people for the efforts it invests to keep the city a tourist attraction. When you see the municipal workers collecting cigarettes tabs in a back street it means that the local authorities are doing their job perfectly.

The major cities and towns are: [2]


The province is divided administratively into the following municipalities and communes:[1]

Name Geographic code Type Households Population (2004) Foreign population Moroccan population Notes
Tiznit 581.01.07. Municipality 11855 53682 17 53665
Tafraout 581.01.05. Municipality 1243 4931 3 4928
Ait Issafen 581.03.01. Rural commune 1010 5026 0 5026
Anzi 581.03.03. Rural commune 1223 6619 0 6619
Arbaa Ait Ahmed 581.03.05. Rural commune 1516 8228 1 8227
Ida Ou Gougmar 581.03.07. Rural commune 1567 8170 1 8169
Sidi Ahmed Ou Moussa 581.03.09. Rural commune 809 4256 0 4256
Tafraout El Mouloud 581.03.11. Rural commune 757 3619 0 3619
Tighmi 581.03.13. Rural commune 1739 9867 0 9867
Tizoughrane 581.03.15. Rural commune 1379 6250 2 6248
Tnine Aday 581.03.17. Rural commune 558 2734 1 2733
Afella Ighir 581.09.01. Rural commune 1084 4205 0 4205
Ait Ouafqa 581.09.03. Rural commune 1243 5472 2 5470
Ammelne 581.09.05. Rural commune 1281 4281 5 4276
Irigh N'Tahala 581.09.07. Rural commune 583 1992 0 1992
Tarsouat 581.09.09. Rural commune 840 3096 0 3096
Tassrirt 581.09.11. Rural commune 560 1887 0 1887
Arbaa Rasmouka 581.11.01. Rural commune 1360 7503 0 7503
Arbaa Sahel 581.11.03. Rural commune 2585 12944 2 12942
Bounaamane 581.11.05. Rural commune 2158 12112 1 12111
El Maader El Kabir 581.11.07. Rural commune 1595 7918 0 7918
Ouijjane 581.11.09. Rural commune 1257 6472 0 6472
Reggada 581.11.11. Rural commune 2620 14328 0 14328
Sidi Bouabdelli 581.11.13. Rural commune 1238 6826 0 6826
Tnine Aglou 581.11.15. Rural commune 3128 14632 11 14621


  1. ^ "Recensement général de la population et de l'habitat de 2004" (PDF). Haut-commissariat au Plan, Retrieved 27 April 2012.