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Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza

Tirana International Airport
Mother Teresa

Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës
Nënë Tereza
Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar Nënë Tereza.svg
Terminal jashte.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Tirana International Airport SHPK (Part of China Everbright Limited)
Serves Tirana, Albania[1]
Location Rinas[1]
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 108 ft / 33 m
Coordinates 41°24′53″N 019°43′14″E / 41.41472°N 19.72056°E / 41.41472; 19.72056
Website Official website
Map
TIA is located in Albania
TIA
TIA
Location of Airport in Albania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17/35 2,750[2] 9,022[2] Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 2,630,338[3]
Passenger change 16–17 Increase19.8%
Aircraft movements 24,336[4]
Movements change 16–17 Increase9%
Source: Albanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[5] Landings.com[6]

Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza (Albanian: Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës Nënë Tereza, IATA: TIA, ICAO: LATI), commonly Rinas International Airport, is Albania's main international airport.

Named after Mother Teresa, in 2002, the Albanian Roman Catholic nun and missionary, the airport is located in the village of Rinas 6 nautical miles (11 kilometres; 6.9 miles) northwest of the city of Tirana.

The airport is one of the busiest in the Balkans, handling more than 2.6 million passengers in 2017. It offers international connections primarily within Europe. It serves as a hub for local carrier Albawings and as a focus city for Adria Airways, Blue Panorama Airlines and Ernest Airlines.[7]

History

Early history

The airport was constructed during a period of two years, from 1955 to 1957. However, Tirana had commercial airline services before. As early as 1938, the Yugoslav carrier Aeroput introduced regular commercial flights linking Tirana with Belgrade, Serbia with a landing in Dubrovnik, Croatia.[8] With the collapse of communism in Albania in 1991 and subsequent liberalization of travel restrictions abroad for Albanians, the number of airlines operating at the airport increased rapidly.

Post-communism

The air traffic equipment and facilities of the airport have been heavily modernised, following investments by Tirana International Airport SHPK, a consortium led by Hochtief AirPort. Hochtief assumed management of the airport on 23 April 2005, for a 20-year concession period.[9]

The concession included the construction of a completely new passenger terminal and various infrastructure improvements, among them the construction of a new access road, new parking lots, and a bridge over the old airport access road.[10] The expansion resulted in an increased number of passengers per annum, estimated at 1.5 million passengers for 2009.[11][12] The number of passengers effectively increased to more than 1.5 million in 2010.[13]

The Terminal building and its second expansion, the Cargo building, its landscaping and carpark canopies was designed by Malaysian architect Hin Tan of Hintan.[14]

In 2016, the Government of Albania reached an agreement with Tirana International Airport on ending its monopoly on flights, opening the way for an airport at Kukës in the north to open.[15]

In December 2016, the Airport announced that it has served 2 million passengers during 2016, reaching its second milestone.[16]

Ownership

The following company is the owner of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza as of 2017:

After reaching an agreement with the Albanian Government to end its monopoly on international flights from Albania, Hochtief AirPort sold the operating of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza to China Everbright Limited,[17] a company specializing in asset management, direct investment, brokerage and investment banking.[18] China Everbright Limited has the right to operate Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza until 2027.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate scheduled, seasonal and charter flights out of Tirana

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Frankfurt, Ljubljana, Munich
Seasonal charter: Poprad-Tatry
Aegean Airlines Athens
Air Serbia Belgrade
Albawings Ancona, Bari, Cuneo, Florence, Perugia, Pisa, Rimini, Treviso, Venice
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
Anda Air Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk
Blu-express Bergamo, Bologna, Genoa, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino, Turin, Verona
Bravo Airways Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany
British Airways London–Gatwick
Corendon Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Copenhagen (begins 13 June 2018)[19]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Katowice, London–Gatwick (begins 14 July 2018), Poznan, Warsaw-Chopin, Wrocław
Ernest Airlines Bergamo, Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Pisa, Venice, Verona[20]
Seasonal: Cuneo
Eurowings Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Israir Seasonal charter: Tel−Aviv (begins 4 May 2018)
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Oslo–Gardermoen (begins 20 June 2018)
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Antalya
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: London–Gatwick, London-Stansted, Oslo–Gardermoen (begins 12 May 2018),[21] Stockholm–Arlanda (begins 21 May 2018)[19]
Small Planet Airlines (Poland) Seasonal charter: Katowice, Warsaw-Chopin
SmartWings Seasonal: Prague[22]
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya
Transavia Seasonal: Amsterdam
Transavia France Seasonal: Paris–Orly
Travel Service Hungary Seasonal charter: Budapest (begins 19 June 2018)[23]
Travel Service Polska Seasonal charter: Katowice, Warsaw-Chopin
Travel Service Slovakia Seasonal charter: Bratislava, Košice
TUI fly Belgium Brussels[24]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Volotea Seasonal: Verona
Wizz Air Budapest, London–Luton

Statistics

Old picture of the Airport in 1978
Terminal interior

Traffic

Passenger, aircraft operations and cargo statistics at Nënë Tereza Airport
Year Passenger Change Aircraft Operations Change Cargo
(metric tons)
Change
2005 785,000 Increase20.77% 15,400 N.A. N.A. N.A.
2006 906,103 Increase15.43% 15,856 Increase 2.96% 2,435 N.A.
2007 1,105,770 Increase22.04% 18,258 Increase15.15% 3,832 Increase57.37%
2008 1,267,041 Increase14.58% 19,194 Increase 5.13% 2,497 Decrease34.84%
2009 1,394,688 Increase10.07% 20,064 Increase 4.53% 2,265 Decrease 9.29%
2010 1,536,822 Increase10.19% 20,768 Increase 3.51% 2,355 Increase 3.97%
2011 1,817,073 Increase18.24% 22,988 Increase10.69% 2,656 Increase12.78%
2012 1,665,331 Decrease 8.35% 20,528 Decrease10.70% 1,875 Decrease29.41%
2013 1,757,342 Increase 5.53% 19,942 Decrease 2.85% 2,164 Increase15.41%
2014 1,810,305 Increase 3.02% 17,928 Decrease 3.02% 2,324 Increase13.53%
2015 1,997,044 Increase 10.3% 20,876 Increase 16.4% 2,229 Decrease4.1%[2]
2016 2,195,100 Increase 11.3% 22,352 Increase 7.1% 2,200 Decrease1%[25]
2017 2,630,338 Increase 19.8% 24,336 Increase 9% 2,266 Increase3%[26]
2018 (01.01 - 28.02) 368,706 Increase 11.0% 3606 Increase 6.9% 349 Increase7.7%[27]

Busiest Routes

Most frequent routes at Tirana Airport
Rank Destination Airport(s) Number of Passengers 2017[28] Top carriers
1 Italy Milan MXP, BGY 390.735 Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines
2 Italy Rome FCO 323.322 Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines
3 Turkey Istanbul IST, SAW 235.286 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
4 Austria Vienna VIE 174.363 Austrian Airlines
5 Italy Pisa PSA 123.005 Albawings, Ernest Airlines
6 Italy Verona VRN 118.646 Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines, Volotea
7 Italy Bologna BLQ 116.158 Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines
8 United Kingdom London LGW, STN 96.865 Albawings, British Airways, Small Planet Airlines
9 Germany Frankfurt FRA 90.286 Adria Airways, Lufthansa
10 Greece Athens ATH 84.860 Aegean Airlines

Ground transportation

Taxi rank at the airport
SH60 linking Tirana Airport with SH2 Tirana-Durrës Highway

Car

The airport is linked with motorway SH60 (10 km away) to SH2 Durres -Tirana access road. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. Taxis are available at the airport. The journey from Tirana to the airport takes 20–25 minutes, depending on traffic.

Bus

Rinas Express airport bus, located outside Arrivals terminal, leaves on the hour every hour (8am to 7pm), to the city centre, and the trip takes around 25 to 30 minutes. Rinas Express operates 12 hours (6 am to 6 pm) as an hourly bus service between the Airport and the National Museum in the centre of Tirana. The single fare is 250 Albanian Lek. From Durres the rate for a single fare is 480 Albanian Lek.

Incidents and accidents

  • October 3, 2006: Turkish Airlines Flight 1476, flying from Tirana to Istanbul, was hijacked by Hakan Ekinci in Greek airspace. The aircraft, with 107 passengers and six crew on board, transmitted two coded hijack signals which were picked up by the Greek air force; the flight was intercepted by military aircraft and landed safely at Brindisi, Italy.
  • June 30, 2016: Three armed and masked people entered the cargo terminal, where they stole a huge amount of money that was to be transported abroad on airplanes. The amount of cash could have been up to 3 million euros. The incident caused national security concerns.[29][30]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Wragg, David (November 2009). The World's Top 500 Airports (2nd ed.). Sparkford, Yeovil, Somerset BA22 7JJ, UK: Haynes Holdings. p. 13. ISBN 978 184425 632 7. 
  2. ^ a b c "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza - Tirana International Airport". 
  3. ^ [www.instat.gov.al]
  4. ^ [www.instat.gov.al]
  5. ^ "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  6. ^ Airport record for Nënë Tereza/Rinas International Airport at Landings.com. Retrieved 1 August 2013
  7. ^ "Local-based carrier Albawings continues to grow successfully in the market - Tirana International Airport". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "DRUSTVO ZA VAZDUSNI SAOBRACAJ A D – AEROPUT (1927-1948)". europeanairlines.no. Retrieved 17 June 2010. In addition a new air service (No.2008) to Kingdom of Yugoslavia’s small narbour Albania was opened. From August Aeroput flew from Beograd with a landing at Ragusa to Tirana, the capital of Albania. 
  9. ^ "HOCHTIEF AirPort Signs Concession Agreement for Tirana Airport". hochtief.com. Retrieved 15 October 2004. The agreement, signed today in the presence of the Albanian Prime Minister Fatos Nano in Tirana, seals the airport takeover in the context of a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) concession with a duration of 20 years. 
  10. ^ "HOCHTIEF AirPort Signs Concession Agreement for Tirana Airport". hochtief.com. Retrieved 15 October 2004. Construction work for a new terminal is to commence right from the first year of operation. 
  11. ^ "Tirana International Airport". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  12. ^ Tirana International Airport, Albania Archived 23 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine. – HOCHTIEF.
  13. ^ "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza". tirana-airport.com. Traffic Results: 2010 Passengers - 1,536,822 
  14. ^ "TIRANA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT" (PDF). tirana-airport.com. p. 9. The tall, bright and spacious building, designed by the renowned Malaysian architect Hin Tan, is a symbol of Albania’s new self-confidence. 
  15. ^ Mejdini, Fatjona (1 April 2016). "Albanians Get to Fly from Second Airport". Balkan Insight. 
  16. ^ "Tirana International Airport reaches two millionth passenger milestone". ata.gov.al. Retrieved 3 December 2016. Tirana International Airport (TIA) announced on Friday the achievement of two major passenger traffic milestones in welcoming its two millionth passenger and recording the largest ever number of customers served at the airport. 
  17. ^ "Shqiptarja.com - Aeroporti i Rinasit kalon 100% tek kompania kineze". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "irasia.com - China Everbright Limited". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  19. ^ a b "Sverige får nytt direktflyg till Albanien". 14 September 2017. 
  20. ^ "Book A Flight - Ernest Airlines". 
  21. ^ [www.apollo.no]"
  22. ^ "Tirana International Airport Emergency Plan Exercise - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com. 
  23. ^ [www.routesonline.com]
  24. ^ "Jetairfly Flight Plan". Jetairfly. 
  25. ^ [www.tirana-airport.com]
  26. ^ [www.instat.gov.al]
  27. ^ [www.instat.gov.al]
  28. ^ "Market Statistics - Tirana International Airport". 23 February 2018. 
  29. ^ Times, Tirana (30 June 2016). "Spectacular airport robbery raises national security concerns". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "Huge amount of money stolen at the Tirana Airport". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 

External links

Media related to Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza at Wikimedia Commons