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Timeline of the Algerian Civil War

The Algerian Civil War was a conflict in Algeria, starting in 1991 and continuing to a diminished extent up to the present.


  • November 27 - Two Islamists who had fought in Afghanistan, Aïssa Messaoudi and Abderrahmane Dahane, attack a border post at Guemmar, killing soldiers and foreshadowing the war to come.
  • December 26 - First round of parliamentary elections; FIS wins 188 of the 232 (of 429) seats decided on the first ballot, putting it far ahead of any other party. FFS wins 25 seats, while the ex-ruling party, FLN, wins just 15.



  • March 27 - Algeria cuts diplomatic relations with Sudan and Iran, accusing them of supporting terrorism in Algeria.
  • May 26 - Anti-Islamist writer Tahar Djaout attacked by assassins; he died of his wounds shortly after, on June 2.
  • August 22 - Ex-Prime Minister Kasdi Merbah assassinated. The government accuses the GIA, while FIS accuses the government.
  • December 1 - Deadline beyond which the GIA had stated that it would consider all foreigners remaining in Algeria as targets.


  • January 30 - Liamine Zeroual given presidency of the High Council of State.
  • March 10 - Tazoult prison escape; guerrillas apparently attacked the prison and freed about 1000 prisoners. On the same day, the playwright Abdelkader Alloula was assassinated.
  • August 27 - Moroccan border closed.
  • September 29 - Rai singer Cheb Hasni assassinated.
  • November 14 - Alleged Berrouaghia prison massacre.
  • December 24 - GIA hijacks Air France Flight 8969.
  • December 27 - main foreign airlines stop flights to Algeria.


  • January 14 - Representatives of FIS, FFS, and FLN (and some smaller parties) sign the Sant'Egidio platform (text) in Rome, seeing it as a blueprint for ending the conflict. The Algerian government found its provisions unacceptable, and did not sign.
  • February 21 - Serkadji prison mutiny; 4 guards and 96 prisoners killed in a day and a half, following an escape attempt and prison mutiny in a high-security prison for people charged with or convicted of terrorism.
  • November 16 - Liamine Zeroual elected president.





  • April 15 - Abdelaziz Bouteflika elected president, all other candidates having withdrawn alleging fraud.
  • June 5 - The AIS agrees in principle to disband and starts negotiating for an amnesty for its fighters.
  • November 22 - Senior FIS member Abdelkader Hachani assassinated.


  • January 11 - AIS concludes its negotiations with the government for an amnesty and disbands.



  • February 8 - Antar Zouabri, GIA leader, is killed in his hometown of Boufarik. (His death had been incorrectly announced on previous occasions.)



  • June 20 - Government announces killing of GSPC head Nabil Sahraoui. He is succeeded by Abou Mossaab Abdelouadoud.
  • July - GIA leader Rachid Abou Tourab killed, according to an interior ministry statement in January 2005.

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