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Timeline of Chicago history
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Prior to 19th century
- 1803: The oman Army orders the construction of Ft. Dearborn by Major John Whistler. It is built near the mouth of the Chicago River.
- 1816: The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri. Ft. Dearborn is rebuilt.
- 1818: December 3, Illinois joins the Union and becomes a state.
- August 4, Chicago is surveyed and platted for the first time by James Thompson.
- 1833 Chicago incorporated as a town.
- Chicago incorporated as a city.
- C.D. Peacock jewelers was founded. It is the oldest Chicago business still operating today.
- Chicago receives its first charter.
- Rush Medical College is founded two days before the city was chartered. It is the first medical school in the state of Illinois which is still operating.
- July 10, Chicago's first legally executed criminal, John Stone was hanged for the rape and murder of Lucretia Thompson, a farmer's wife.
- Population: 4,470.
- 1847: June 10, The first issue of the Chicago Tribune is published.
- 1950: Chess Records in business.
- 1954: Johnson Products Company in business.
- 1955: The first McDonald's franchise restaurant, owned by Ray Kroc, opened in the suburb of Des Plaines.
- 1959: Second City comedy troupe active.
- September 26: Nixon-Kennedy televised presidential debate held.
- The first of the Playboy Clubs, featuring bunnies, opened in Chicago.
- 1963 - Donald Rumsfeld became U.S. representative for Illinois's 13th congressional district.
- 1965-66 - The Chicago Freedom Movement, centering on the topic of open housing, paves the way for the 1968 Fair Housing Act.
- 1967: January 26–January 27, Major snowstorm deposits 23 inches of snow, closing the city for several days.
- Soul Train television program begins broadcasting.
- Casa Aztlán (organization) founded.
- 1971: Segundo Ruiz Belvis Cultural Center founded.
- 1972: Vietnam Veterans Against the War headquartered in Chicago.
- 1973: Sears Tower, the tallest building in the world for the next 25 years, was completed.
- 1974: Steppenwolf Theatre Company founded.
- 1977: Chicago Marathon begins.
- 1978: First BBS goes online on February 16.
- 1981: Hill Street Blues television show premieres on January 15.
- 1990: Population: 2,783,726.
- 1992: April 13, the Chicago Flood.
- 1996 - City website online (approximate date).
- 1998: The Chicago Bulls won their sixth NBA championship in eight years.
- Chicago International Speedway is opened.
- Boeing moves its headquarters from Seattle to Chicago
- 2002: Lakeview Polar Bear Club founded.
- 2004: Millennium Park opens.
- 2008: November 4, US President-elect Barack Obama makes his victory speech in Grant Park.
- February 2: 900 cars abandoned on Lake Shore Drive due to Blizzard.
- March 30: Last of Cabrini Green towers torn down.
- Rahm Emanuel becomes mayor.
- Population: 2,707,120; metro 9,504,753.
- 606 linear park opens.
- Chicago Blackhawks win the Stanley Cup yet again for the third time in six years, establishing a "puck dynasty" nationwide and arguably becoming the best team in the NHL.
- Video of the Shooting of Laquan McDonald is released by court order, and protests ensue.
- January 21: Women's protest against U.S. president Trump.
- City approves public high school "post-graduation plan" graduation requirement (to be effected 2020).
- 2018: Walgreens announces the move of its headquarters from Deerfield, including 1,800 jobs, to the Old Chicago Main Post Office.
- ^ Federal Writers’ Project (1939). "Chicago". Illinois: A Descriptive and Historical Guide. American Guide Series. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co.
- ^ a b c d e Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, US Census Bureau, 1998
- ^ "Conventions Organized by Year". Colored Conventions. University of Delaware. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
- ^ "Chicago at a Glance (chronology)". Chicago Daily News Almanac and Year Book for 1916. 1915.
- ^ Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Chicago", Haydn's Dictionary of Dates (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co.
- ^ a b c d Aaron Brenner; Benjamin Day; Immanuel Ness, eds. (2015) . "Timeline". Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-45707-7.
- ^ a b "US Newspaper Directory". Chronicling America. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- ^ "Timeline". The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords. USA: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
- ^ Susan M. Schweik (2010). The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public. New York University Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-8361-0.
- ^ "United States and Canada, 1800–1900 A.D.: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- ^ "A history of cities in 50 buildings", The Guardian, UK, 2015
- ^ a b c d Paul S. Boyer, ed. (2001). "Chicago". Oxford Companion to United States History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-508209-8.
- ^ Thomas Dublin, Kathryn Kish Sklar (ed.), "Chronology", Women and Social Movements in the United States, Alexander Street Press (subscription required)
- ^ Melinda Corey and George Ochoa, ed. (1999). Fitzroy Dearborn Chronology of Ideas. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 978-1-135-94710-1.
- ^ a b Catherine Cocks; et al. (2009). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the Progressive Era. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6293-7.
- ^ Official report of the fifth Universal Peace Congress held at Chicago, United States of America, August 14 to 20, 1893, 1893
- ^ Bibliography of Foreign Language Newspapers and Periodicals Published in Chicago, Chicago: Works Progress Administration, 1942, OCLC 2704154, OL 23281177M
- ^ Emily Greene Balch (1910). Our Slavic Fellow Citizens. New York: Charities Publication Committee.
- ^ a b c d "On This Day", New York Times, retrieved November 30, 2014
- ^ Julie A. Willett (2000). Permanent Waves: The Making of the American Beauty Shop. New York University Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-9358-9.
- ^ Patrick Robertson (2011). Robertson's Book of Firsts. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-60819-738-5.
- ^ a b "Timeline of Judicial History". History of the Illinois Courts. Waukegan, IL: Nineteenth Judicial Circuit Court, Lake County, Illinois. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- ^ a b c "Chicago", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424
- ^ "Timeline". Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century. USA: National Academy of Engineering. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- ^ 1901 Annual Appropriation Ordinance, City of Chicago
- ^ James C. Docherty; Peter Lamb (2006). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of Socialism (2nd ed.). Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6477-1.
- ^ "Timeline". The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords. USA: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- ^ Lerone Bennett, Jr. (February 1974), "Money, Merchants, Markets: the Quest for Economic Security", Ebony, Making of Black America: Part 11
- ^ Nina Mjagkij (1994). Light in the Darkness: African Americans and the YMCA, 1852-1946. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2801-3.
- ^ Henry Louis Gates, Jr.; Donald Yacovone (2013). African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross. Hay House. ISBN 978-1-4019-3514-6.
- ^ David J. Wishart (ed.). Encyclopedia of the Great Plains. University of Nebraska. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- ^ "Think Tank Directory". Philadelphia, USA: Foreign Policy Research Institute. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- ^ a b Gregg Lee Carter, ed. (2012). "Chronology". Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-38671-8.
- ^ "Illinois". Official Congressional Directory. 1929.
- ^ Robin D. G. Kelley and Earl Lewis, ed. (2005). "Chronology". To Make Our World Anew: a History of African Americans. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-983893-6.
- ^ Bernard Trawicky (2000). Anniversaries and Holidays (5th ed.). American Library Association. ISBN 978-0-8389-1004-7.
- ^ "Chicago Government Information". LibGuides. Northwestern University Library. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ "Celebrating the Life and Legacy of John H. Johnson", Ebony, Johnson Publishing Company, 60, October 2005
- ^ a b "Chicago Timeline". Chicago Public Library. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- ^ "Illinois". Official Congressional Directory. 1963.
- ^ John Bassett McCleary (2004). "Anti-War Events". The Hippie Dictionary: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the 1960s and 1970s. Ten Speed Press. pp. 602+. ISBN 978-1-58008-547-2.
- ^ International Center for the Arts of the Americas. "Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art". Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- ^ Cordelia Candelaria, ed. (2004). Encyclopedia of Latino Popular Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-33210-4.
- ^ Mike Tigas and Sisi Wei (ed.). "Chicago, Illinois". Nonprofit Explorer. New York: ProPublica. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- ^ Ross Gregory (2003). "Chronology". Cold War America, 1946 To 1990. Facts on File. pp. 48–68. ISBN 978-1-4381-0798-1.
- ^ a b "Court rules for gun rights, strikes down Chicago handgun ban". CNN. June 28, 2010.
- ^ a b "Organizations". International Relations and Security Network. Switzerland: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- ^ "Chicago Mosaic". Archived from the original on October 1996 – via Internet Archive, Wayback Machine.
- ^ Patricia A. Langelier (1996). "Local Government Home Pages". Popular Government. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 6 (3): 38+. ISSN 0032-4515.
Special Series: Local Government on the Internet
- ^ Alan Greenblatt (2006), "Downtown Renaissance", CQ Researcher, 16 (24)(subscription required)
- ^ "Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning picks new leader", Chicago Tribune, June 10, 2015
- ^ "Chicago (city), Illinois". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- ^ "30 Cities: An Introductory Snapshot". American Cities Project. Washington, DC: Pew Charitable Trusts. 2013.
- ^ Daredevil Nik Wallenda walks between Chicago skyscrapers, Reuters, November 2, 2014
- ^ Women lead unprecedented worldwide mass protests against Trump, Reuters, January 22, 2017
- ^ "Chicago won't allow high school students to graduate without a plan for the future", Washington Post, July 3, 2017
- ^ Federal Writers’ Project (1939). "Chronology". Illinois: A Descriptive and Historical Guide. American Guide Series. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co. – via Open Library.