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Timeline of Antwerp

The following is a timeline of the history of the municipality of Antwerp, Belgium.

Prior to 13th century

  • from abt. 150 – abt. 250-270: Gallo-Roman settlement in the centre of Antwerpen (at "Willem Ogierplaats").[1][2][3]
  • abt 700: Oldest mention of the name Andoverpis in a written source : the Vita Eligii dated early 8th century (abt. 700).[4]
  • 739: death of Saint Willibrord, bishop.[5]
  • 978: Treaty of Margut-sur-Chiers, between France and German empire, the river Scheldt is recognised as the border between Neustrië and Lotharingie[6]
  • 980 - the German Emperor Otto II awarded Antwerp a margraviate, and build a fortification on the wharf (de burg) with a ditch the "burchtgracht"
  • 1100 The Roya is a small natural river that runs outside the "Burchtgracht"
  • 1104 The fortification of the "Burcht" is reinforced by Emperor Hendrik IV. The wall's height in increased from 5 metres (16 ft) to 12 metres (39 ft) its thickness from 1.35 metres (4.4 ft) to 2 metres (6.6 ft)
  • 1109: Antwerp starts making city canals the "ruienstelsel" From the Koolvliet in the north via, Holenrui, Minderbroedersrui to Suikerrui and Botervliet in the south

13th–15th century

16th century

City of Antwerp, 1572
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17th–18th centuries

Carnival on Ice at the Kipdorppoort Moats, c. 1620

19th century

Fish market, c. 1833

20th century

Bond of the City of Antwerp, issued 18. Mai 1917

21st century

See also

References

  1. ^ Stadsarcheologie, Tony Oost 1976-1982, site 'Stadsparking'
  2. ^ Oost, Tony: De bewoning te Antwerpen tijdens de Gallo-Romeinse periode. In: Warmenbol-feit-1987
  3. ^ Oost, T.: De opgravingen "Stadsparking" te Antwerpen: een voorlopig verslag (dec. 1974-maart 1976). In: "Antwerpen", 22 (1976), 2: 68-76. www zie: Archeoweb Antwerpen [1] Archived 7 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Verhulst-1978". Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  5. ^ "warmenbol-feit-1987, p.174". Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  6. ^ [prims-asia31, p.55 [2] Archived 7 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Antwerp city website, museum Vleeshuis". Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  8. ^ Arjan Van Dixhoorn; Susie Speakman Sutch, eds. (2008). The Reach of the Republic of Letters: Literary and Learned Societies in the Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Brill. ISBN 90-04-16955-5.
  9. ^ Robert Proctor (1898). "Books Printed From Types: Belgium: Anvers". Index to the Early Printed Books in the British Museum. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner and Company – via HathiTrust.
  10. ^ Patrick Robertson (2011). Robertson's Book of Firsts. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-60819-738-5.
  11. ^ "Antwerp city website , Museum Vleeshuis". Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Antwerp", Belgium and Holland (6th ed.), Leipsic: Karl Baedeker, 1881
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Antwerp", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424
  14. ^ Frans Olthoff (1891). De boekdrukkers, boekverkoopers en uitgevers in Antwerpen (in Dutch). Antwerpen: Ruef.
  15. ^ Stephen Rose (2005). "Places and Institutions". In Tim Carter; John Butt. Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Music. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-79273-8.
  16. ^ Grapheus, Cornelius. "Spectaculorum in susceptione Philippi Hispan. Princ. a. 1549 Antverpia aeditorum mirificus apparatus". Europeana. Archived from the original on 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  17. ^ Theodore Low De Vinne (1888), Christopher Plantin, and the Plantin-Moretus Museum at Antwerp, New York: Printed for the Grolier Club, archived from the original on 11 March 2016, retrieved 9 January 2013
  18. ^ Martha Pollak (2010). "Paradigmatic Citadels: Antwerp/Turin". Cities at War in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-11344-1.
  19. ^ Bochius, Johannes, 1555-1609. "Historica narratio profectionis et inavgvrationis serenissimorvm Belgii principvm Alberti et Isabellae, Avstriae archidvcvm". Europeana. Archived from the original on 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2013-01-08.. Margit Thøfner (1999). "Marrying the City, Mothering the Country: Gender and Visual Conventions in Johannes Bochius's Account of the Joyous Entry of the Archduke Albert and the Infanta Isabella into Antwerp". Oxford Art Journal. 22.
  20. ^ "Entry of Ferdinand, Infante of Spain, into Antwerp. (Antwerp: 15th May, 1635)". Treasures in Full: Renaissance Festival Books. British Library. Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  21. ^ Hans Vlieghe (1976). "The Decorations for Archduke Leopold William's State Entry into Antwerp". Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes.
  22. ^ "The Great Horticultural Show at Antwerp". Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener. London. April 8, 1875.
  23. ^ The Bibliographer, London, April 1883
  24. ^ Annales de la Société de médecine d'Anvers (in French). 1863.
  25. ^ Promenade au jardin zoologique d'Anvers (in French). 1861. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  26. ^ The Art Journal, London, May 1, 1852
  27. ^ Edouard Seve (July 1897). "L'Enseignement technique et commercial en Belgique". Journal of the Society of Arts (in French). London. Institut Supérieur de Commerce d'Anvers
  28. ^ Catalogue du Musée d'antiquités d'Anvers (in French) (3rd ed.), 1885, archived from the original on 26 March 2016, retrieved 18 August 2016
  29. ^ George Grove (1900), "Benoit", Dictionary of music and musicians, London: Macmillan
  30. ^ Memoires de la societe de geographie d'Anvers (in French), 1, Anvers, 1879, archived from the original on 25 March 2016, retrieved 18 August 2016
  31. ^ Inge Bertels (2007). "Expressing Local Specificity: The Flemish Renaissance Revival in Belgium and the AntwerpCity Architect Pieter Jan Auguste Dens". Architectural History. 50.
  32. ^ G. Thomann (1886), Some thoughts on the International Temperance meeting, held at Antwerp in September, 1885, New York
  33. ^ a b c "Belgium". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN 978-1-85743-254-1.
  34. ^ John Warrack; Ewan West (1996). "Antwerp". Concise Oxford Dictionary of Opera (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280028-2.
  35. ^ Bulletin officiel du VIme Congrès international de la paix tenu à Anvers (Belgique) du 29 août au 1r septembre 1894, 1895, archived from the original on 29 November 2014, retrieved 23 November 2014
  36. ^ "State archives in Antwerp". State Archives in Belgium. Archived from the original on 24 August 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  37. ^ "Historiek" (in Dutch). Artesis Hogeschool Antwerpen - Koninklijk Conservatorium. Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  38. ^ Ian V. Hogg (1998). "Antwerp". Historical Dictionary of World War I. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-3372-2.
  39. ^ Chris Cook; John Stevenson (2003). "First World War: Chronology". Longman Handbook of Twentieth Century Europe. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-89224-3.
  40. ^ M. S. Vassiliou (2009). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the Petroleum Industry. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6288-3.
  41. ^ "Entreprises Jacques Delens". La recherche aux Archives de l'État: Producteurs (in French). State Archives in Belgium. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  42. ^ "History". Zeno X Gallery. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  43. ^ Karel Vroom (1991). "Antwerp: A Modern City with a Significant Historic Heritage". GeoJournal. 24. doi:10.1007/bf00189028.
  44. ^ Filip Boudrez (2002), From backup to archived website: preserving the legacy websites of the city of Antwerp, archived from the original on 4 March 2016, retrieved 22 August 2015 – via Expertisecentrum David
  45. ^ "Belgian mayors". City Mayors.com. London: City Mayors Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  46. ^ "Geschiedenis stadsarchief" (in Dutch). FelixArchief. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  47. ^ "History". Antwerp World Diamond Centre. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2013.

This article incorporates information from the Dutch Wikipedia and the French Wikipedia.

Bibliography

Published in the 18th-19th century
Published in the 20th century

External links