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Tidore language

Native toIndonesia
RegionNorth Maluku, islands of Tidore, Maitara, Mare, northern half of Moti, and some areas of west coast of Halmahera.
Native speakers
(26,000 cited 1981)[1]
20,000 L2 speakers (1981)[2]
West Papuan
Language codes
ISO 639-3tvo
Tidore is located in Southeast Asia
Location in Southeast Asia
Coordinates: 0°1′N 127°44′E / 0.017°N 127.733°E / 0.017; 127.733

Tidore is a North Halmahera language of Indonesia. The language is centered on the island of Tidore, but it is also spoken in some areas of the neighbouring Halmahera. A Papuan language, it is unlike most languages in Indonesia which belong to the Austronesian language family. It, and the similar Ternate language, are reported to be related to languages of the Bird's Head Peninsula, West Papua.[4]

It is closely related to Ternate, of which it is sometimes considered a dialect.[5]


  1. ^ Tidore at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Tidore at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000).
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tidore". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Lewis, M. Paul (2009). "Tidore - A language of Indonesia (Maluku)". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. SIL International.
  5. ^ "Ternate - Peta Bahasa" (in Indonesian).