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Highest governing body International Throwball Federation
First played 1940s
Contact Non-contact
Team members Nine players per team on court at once
Mixed gender No
Type Indoor or outdoor
Equipment Throwball
Olympic No
Throwball game

Throwball is a non-contact ball sport played across a net between two teams of seven players on a rectangular court. Throwball is popular in Asia, especially on the Indian subcontinent, and was first played in India as a women's sport in Chennai during the 1940s. Like volleyball, the game's roots are linked with the YMCA. Both volleyball and newcomb ball, while older games, share many similarities with throwball. Throwball rules were first drafted in 1955 and India's first national level championship was played in 1980.This is a women sport and not generally considered for men.


According to the Throwball Federation of India, throwball is thought to have been drawn from a recreational sport popular among women in England and Australia during the 1930s.[citation needed] The YMCA brought the game to Chennai, where it was played as a women's sport in the 1940s.[citation needed] Harry Crowe Buck, who had founded the YMCA College of Physical Education in Chennai, drafted guidelines for throwball rules and regulations in 1955. The game reached Bangalore in the 1950s.[1]

.[1] 'Throwball Federation of India (TFI) was formed along with the Indian National Throwball Championship and by 1990 throwball in India had become a sport for both men and women.[2]

Rules and play

A throwball court is similar to a volleyball court depicted here

The playing court is somewhat larger than a volleyball court at 12.20 by 18.30 metres (40.03 ft × 60.04 ft) with a neutral box 1 metre (3 ft 3.37 in) on either side of the centre. The height of the net is 2.2 metres (7.22 ft). The ball is similar to a volleyball but may be slightly larger. While in volleyball the ball is hit or volleyed throughout play, in throwball the ball is thrown over the net, where a member of the other team tries to catch the ball and quickly throw it back across the net.

The length is 18.30 metres and the breadth is 12.20 metre. There will be one line in between call the centre line. Each team has 7 main players and 5 substitute substitut

An official game is played between two teams of odd number of players. A maximum of five substitute players is allowed for each team, which can make a maximum of five substitutions during a set. A team can take two time-outs of 30 seconds each during a set. The first team to score 25 points wins a set. A match is three sets.

Service is within five seconds after the referee whistles and is done from the service zone, without crossing the end line. A player can jump while serving the ball. The service ball must not touch the net. Double touch is not allowed for receiving the service ball and players stay in3-3-3 position during the serve.

During a rally, the ball must be caught at once with both hands, without any sound or movement of the ball within the hands (dubs) and the player should have contact with the ground. Two players are not allowed to catch the ball simultaneously. The ball is thrown within three seconds after being caught, only from above the shoulder-line and only with one hand. A player can jump when throwing the ball, which can touch the net (but not the antenna). The player should have contact with the ground when catching the ball. However, the ball is not touched with any part of the body other than the palm when catching or throwing (body touch). The ball can neither be shifted (passed) to the left or right, nor deliberately pushed.

In official play, teams wear shorts and jersey uniform with numbers only in the range of 1–12 printed front and back.[3]

Major competitions

Domestic competitions


In India, National Throwball Championship is organized by Throwball Federation of India.[4]

International competitions

Kuala Lampur

A Junior International Throwball Match was conducted in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia in December 2015. 8 countries participated in the same.


  1. ^ a b "History of TFI". Throwball Federation of Indi. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  2. ^ {{ With keen interest and through the entire efforts of Prof. Jagat Singh Chauhan of Haryana, India, who’s also a Founder of ‘Handball Federation of India’, formed “THROWBALL FEDERATION OF INDIA” on 15th January, 1978 in Madan Mohan Malviya Stadium, Allahabad and since then Haryana, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Delhi, Punjab and Rajasthan State Throwball Associations are striving hard by organizing competition at National level to promote and develop this game in India and abroad also. Mrs. Shashi Prabha of Haryana had taken a lead to organise its “FIRST NATIONAL THROWBALL CHAMPIONSHIP” in Jind, Haryana in 1978. In which Delhi Team (Men Team) became the WINNER during this Championships. After that Mrs. Zineeth Fernando of Colombo, Sri Lanka imparted Coaching to Indian Team on the grounds of Government College, Jind, Haryana in May, 1982 for fortnight. Her services were spared by the Director of Sports, SriLanka. Finally, after the incentive coaching to the Indian Team, a successful tour programmed to Sri Lanka was organised in month of August, 1982 |quote= }}
  3. ^ "Rules and Regulations". Throwball Federation of India. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  4. ^ "National throwball tourney next year". The Hindu. 2008-10-08. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 

External links