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Third Sangam

The Third Sangam (Tamil: மூன்றாம் சங்கம், Moondram Sangam) (Malayalam: മൂന്നാം സംഘം, Moonnam Sangam) or the Third Academy, also known as the Madurai College of Antiquity,[1] was a historical assembly and the last of the three Tamil Sangams. Established under the aegis of 49 Pandyan kings with 449 participating poets, it ran for 1850 years, ending around the time that Christianity emerged. All surviving Sangam literature comes from this particular Sangam.[2] The seat of the Third Sangam was the city of Madurai.[3]

Late legends say that the third Sangam was held on the banks of the sacred Pond of Golden Lotuses in Madurai
Topics in Sangam literature
Sangam literature
Akattiyam Tholkāppiyam
Eighteen Greater Texts
Eight Anthologies
Aiṅkurunūṟu Akanāṉūṟu
Puṟanāṉūṟu Kalittokai
Kuṟuntokai Natṟiṇai
Paripāṭal Patiṟṟuppattu
Ten Idylls
Tirumurukāṟṟuppaṭai Kuṟiñcippāṭṭu
Malaipaṭukaṭām Maturaikkāñci
Mullaippāṭṭu Neṭunalvāṭai
Paṭṭiṉappālai Perumpāṇāṟṟuppaṭai
Poruṇarāṟṟuppaṭai Ciṟupāṇāṟṟuppaṭai
Eighteen Lesser Texts
Nālaṭiyār Nāṉmaṇikkaṭikai
Iṉṉā Nāṟpatu Iṉiyavai Nāṟpatu
Kār Nāṟpatu Kaḷavaḻi Nāṟpatu
Aintiṇai Aimpatu Tiṉaimoḻi Aimpatu
Aintinai Eḻupatu Tiṉaimalai Nūṟṟu Aimpatu
Tirukkuṛaḷ Tirikaṭukam
Ācārakkōvai Paḻamoḻi Nāṉūṟu
Ciṟupañcamūlam Mutumoḻikkānci
Elāti Kainnilai
Related topics
Sangam Sangam landscape
Tamil history from Sangam literature Ancient Tamil music
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Preceded by
Second Sangam
Third Sangam
1850 years[4]
Succeeded by

See also

Citations

  1. ^ Robinson, 2001, p. 20.
  2. ^ Daniélou, Alain (11 February 2003). A Brief History of India. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. ISBN 9781594777943.
  3. ^ Dr. Anjali (2017). Social and Cultural History of Ancient India. Lucknow: OnlineGatha—The Endless Tale. pp. 123–136. ISBN 978-93-86352-69-9.
  4. ^ Daniélou, Alain (11 February 2003). A Brief History of India. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781594777943.

References

  • Edward Jewitt Robinson (2001). Tamil Wisdom: Traditions Concerning Hindu Sages and Selections from Their Writings. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services.