|Nationality||Aromanian ancestry, Greek identity|
|Occupation||Schoolmaster at the New Academy (Moscopole), |
Theodore Kavalliotis (Greek: Θεόδωρος Αναστασίου Καβαλλιώτης, Romanian: Teodor Kavalioti, 1718 – 11 August 1789) was a Greek Orthodox priest, teacher and a figure of the Greek Enlightenment. He is also known for having drafted an Aromanian-Greek-Albanian dictionary.
Kavalliotis was born in the then important Ottoman town of Moscopole (now a tiny village, Voskopojë, in southeast Albania), where he also spent most of his life. He was of Aromanian ancestry and with Greek identity. Kavalliotis studied in Moscopole and later pursued higher studies in mathematical and philosophical sciences at the Maroutseios college in Ioannina (in 1732-1734), directed by Eugenios Voulgaris.
He returned to Moscopole and was appointed teacher at the New Academy (Greek: Νέα Ακαδημία Nea Akadimia) in 1743. In 1750 he succeeded his former teacher Sevastos Leontiadis and became director of the New Academy for more than 20 years (1748–1769). His works, written in Greek, are Logic (1749, unpublished), Physics (1752, unpublished), Grammar of modern Greek (1760), Metaphysics (1767), Protopeiria (1770). They were used extensively and hand-made copies were found even as far as Iaşi, Romania. After the destruction of Moscopole at 1769, he probably went to Tokaj, Hungary, but returned at 1773.
In 1770, he published in Venice, at Antonio Bortoli's printing press, a school textbook, called Protopeiria. Protopeiria is a 104 pages textbook which in pages 15–59 included a trilingual lexicon of 1,170 Greek, Aromanian, and Albanian words. This work aimed at the Hellenization of the non-Greek-speaking Christian communities in the Balkans. The lexicon was re-published in 1774 by the Swedish professor Johann Thunmann, who taught at the University of Halle-Wittenberg. Thunmann added a Latin translation to the words in Greek, Aromanian, and Albanian.
Kavalliotis couldn't manage to reestablish the destroyed New Academy. During his last months he witnessed another wave of destruction of his home place, in June 1789 by local Muslim lords. Kavalliotis died at August 11, 1789, aged 71.
|Ῥωμαίϊκα (Romaic - modern Greek)||Βλάχικα (Vlach - Aromanian)||Ἀλβανίτικα (Albanian)||English translation|
|Ἀββᾶς||Ηγούμενου (Igumenu)||Ηγκουμέν (Igumen)||Abbot|
|Ἀγαλια||Ανάργα (Anarga)||Γκαντάλε (Ngadalë)||Slowly|
|Ἀγαπῶ||Βόη (Voe)||Ντούα (Dua)||(I) Love|
|Ἄγγελος||Άγγελου (Aghelu)||Έγγελ (Engjëll)||Angel|
|Ἀγγεῖον||Βάσου (Vasu)||Ένᾳ (Enë)||Pot|
|Ἀγγίσρι||Γκρέπου (Grepu)||Γκρέπ (Grep)||Fish hook|
|Ἀγελάδα||Βάκᾳ (Vaca)||Λιόπᾳ (Lopë)||Cow|
|Ἅγιος||Σᾴμτου (Santu)||Σσιέντ (Shenjt)||Saint|
|Ἀγκάθι||Σκίνου (Schinu)||Γκιέπ (Gjemb)||Thorn|
|Ἀγκάλη||Μπράτζᾳ (Mbrata)||Πουσστίμ (Pushtim)||Embrace|
|Ἀγκοῦρι||Καϛραβέτζου (Castravetu)||Κραϛαβέτζ (Kastravec)||Cucumber|
|Ἀγκῶνας||Κότου (Cotu)||Μπᾳλλίουλ (Bërryl)||Elbow|
|Ἀγνάντια||Καρσσί (Carsi)||Κουντρέ (Kundër)||Opposite|