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The Republicans group (National Assembly)

The Republicans group
Groupe Les Républicains
The Republicans group logo
Chamber National Assembly
Legislature(s) 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th (Fifth Republic)
Foundation 25 June 2002
Previous name(s) Union for the Presidential Majority group (2002–03)
Groupe de l'Union pour la majorité présidentielle
Union for a Popular Movement group (2003–15)
Groupe de l'Union pour un mouvement populaire
Member parties LR
President Christian Jacob
Constituency Seine-et-Marne's 4th
Vice presidents Virginie Duby-Muller
Damien Abad
Valérie Lacroute
Véronique Louwagie
Frédérique Meunier
François Cornut-Gentille
Julien Aubert
Gérard Cherpion
Arnaud Viala
Guillaume Peltier
Gilles Lurton
Representation
102 / 577
Ideology Gaullism
Liberal conservatism

The Republicans group (French: groupe Les Républicains), formerly the Union for a Popular Movement group (French: groupe de l'Union pour un mouvement populaire), is a parliamentary group in the National Assembly including representatives of The Republicans (LR), formerly the Union for a Popular Movement.

History

The group was formed in the National Assembly of the 12th legislature of the French Fifth Republic on 25 June 2002 with 356 deputies following the legislative elections under the name of the Union for the Presidential Majority group (groupe de l'Union pour la majorité présidentielle),[1] and was renamed to the Union for a Popular Movement group (groupe de l'Union pour un mouvement populaire) in line with that of its associated party on 5 March 2003.[2] The group was subsequently reformed on 26 June 2007 with 314 members and 6 related following the legislative elections,[3] and again on 26 June 2012 with 185 members and 11 related after legislative elections. On 2 June 2015, the name of the group was changed to The Republicans group (groupe Les Républicains) following the renaming of the party to The Republicans.[4]

The UMP group in the National Assembly was initially presided over by Jacques Barrot after his election unopposed on 19 June 2002,[5] who later resigned to serve on the European Commission following Michel Barnier. Bernard Accoyer was elected unopposed on 4 May 2004 to replace him,[6] serving until June 2007, after which successfully sought to become president of the National Assembly and replaced by Jean-François Copé.[7] After Copé became General Secretary of the UMP, Christian Jacob was elected to succeed him on 23 November 2010.[8] Jacob was re-elected most recently on 21 June 2017, collecting 62 votes against Damien Abad, who received 32 votes.[9]

In the 2017 legislative elections, only 112 deputies under the label of the Republicans were elected,[10] a "historic reversal" for the party,[11] with the right and centre registering its worst score in the history of the Fifth Republic, the previous record being 158 deputies in the 1981 legislative elections.[12] With the election of Emmanuel Macron and appointment of three right-wing ministers to his government, divisions in the right re-emerged, with a number of "constructives" interested in supporting his project. On 21 June, Thierry Solère announced the creation of a common group with the Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI) likely to contain 18 UDI and about 15 LR deputies. The formation of two parliamentary groups on the right represented a symbolic divorce to the two threads on the right (moderates and hardliners) and the end of the old UMP, created in 2002 to unite the right and centre.[13]

On 27 June, Virginie Duby-Muller, Damien Abad, Valérie Lacroute, Véronique Louwagie, Frédérique Meunier, François Cornut-Gentille, Julien Aubert, Gérard Cherpion, Arnaud Viala, Guillaume Peltier, and Gilles Lurton were designated as the group's vice presidents.[14] At the time of its formation on 27 June, the parliamentary group included 100 deputies, including 5 associated members.[15]

On 8 December, the constitutional council annulled the election of Ian Boucard in Territoire de Belfort's 1st constituency due to the distribution of misleading electoral leaflets by the candidate; as a result, a by-election will be held to fill the vacant seat in 2018.[16] The constitutional council subsequently annulled the election of Jean-Pierre Door, who won by 8 votes in Loiret's 4th constituency, on 18 December, triggering a by-election.[17] Marine Brenier left the UDI, Agir and Independents group to rejoin the LR group on 23 January 2018,[18] and Boucard won the by-election in Territoire de Belfort, and joined the group together with Antoine Savignat after he won the by-election in Val-d'Oise.[19]

List of presidents

Name Term start Term end Notes
Jacques Barrot 19 June 2002 4 May 2004 [5][6]
Bernard Accoyer 4 May 2004 19 June 2007 [6][20]
Jean-François Copé 20 June 2007 23 November 2010 [7][8]
Christian Jacob 23 November 2010 present [8]

Historical membership

Year Seats Change Notes
2002 Steady [21]
2007 Decrease45 [3]
2012 Decrease124 [4]
2017 Decrease96 [15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Déclarations politiques des groupes remises à la présidence de l'Assemblée nationale le 25 juin 2002, en application de l'article 19 du Règlement de l'Assemblée nationale". Assemblée nationale. 25 June 2002. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  2. ^ "Journaux Officiels - 3e séance du mardi 4 mars 2003". Assemblée nationale. 5 March 2003. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Les déclarations politiques des groupes, signées de leurs membres, accompagnées de la liste de ces membres et des députés apparentés, ainsi que du nom du président du groupe, ont été remises le mardi 26 juin 2007 au Secrétariat général de la Présidence". Assemblée nationale. 26 June 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Les déclarations politiques des groupes, signées de leurs membres, accompagnées de la liste de ces membres et des députés apparentés, ainsi que du nom du président du groupe, ont été remises le mardi 26 juin 2012 au Secrétariat général de la Présidence". Assemblée nationale. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Elu président du groupe UMP, le centriste Jacques Barrot veut en faire "un lieu de cohérence et d'action au service du gouvernement"". Le Monde. 19 June 2002. Retrieved 26 June 2002. 
  6. ^ a b c "Les députés du parti élisent leur président". Le Nouvel Observateur. 5 May 2004. Retrieved 26 June 2004. 
  7. ^ a b "Jean-François Copé élu président du groupe UMP". La Dépêche du Midi. 20 June 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c "Christian Jacob succède à Jean-François Copé à la tête du groupe UMP". Le Monde. Agence France-Presse; Reuters. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  9. ^ Clémence Bauduin (21 June 2017). "Les Républicains : Christian Jacob réélu président du groupe à l'Assemblée". RTL. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  10. ^ "Elections législatives 2017". Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  11. ^ Marion Mourgue (18 June 2017). "Législatives : un revers historique pour Les Républicains". Le Figaro. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  12. ^ Alain Auffray (18 June 2017). "Les Républicains traversent la tempête". Libération. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  13. ^ Matthieu Goar (21 June 2017). "Assemblée nationale : la droite consacre son divorce". Le Monde. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "En direct : Mélenchon élu à la tête du groupe de La France insoumise à l'Assemblée". Le Monde. 27 June 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  15. ^ a b "Groupe Les Républicains". Assemblée nationale. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "Décision n°2017-5067 AN du 8 décembre 2017". Conseil constitutionnel. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  17. ^ "Décision n° 2017-5092 AN du 18 décembre 2017". Conseil constitutionnel. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  18. ^ "La députée azuréenne Marine Brenier quitte les Constructifs et rejoint le groupe Les Républicains à l'Assemblée". Nice-Matin. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018. 
  19. ^ "Modifications à la composition des groupes". Assemblée nationale. Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  20. ^ "Propositions de loi déposées à l'Assemblée nationale". Assemblée nationale. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  21. ^ "Législatures". Assemblée nationale. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 

External links