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|General Secretary||Annie Genevard|
|Vice Presidents||Jean Leonetti |
|Spokesman in the Assembly||Christian Jacob|
|Spokesman in the Senate||Bruno Retailleau|
|Founded||30 May 2015|
|Headquarters||Rue de Vaugirard N. 238,|
|Youth wing||Les Jeunes Républicains|
("The Young Republicans")
|Political position||Centre-right to right-wing|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
International Democrat Union
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Colours||Blue, White, Red (French Tricolore)|
108 / 577
142 / 348
19 / 74
|Presidency of Regional Councils|
6 / 17
|Presidency of Departmental Councils|
44 / 101
The party was formed on 30 May 2015 by renaming the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) party, which had been founded in 2002 under the leadership of former President of France Jacques Chirac. The party used to be one of the two major political parties in the French Fifth Republic along with the centre-left Socialist Party (PS), and, following the 2017 legislative election, it remains the second largest party in the National Assembly (behind President Macron's REM). LR is a member of the European People's Party, the Centrist Democrat International, and the International Democrat Union.
After the election in November 2014 of Nicolas Sarkozy, the President of France from 2007 to 2012, as president of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), Sarkozy put forward a request to the party's general committee to change its name to "The Republicans" (Les Républicains) and alter the statutes of the party. With the name already chosen, vice-president of the UMP Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet presented Sarkozy and the party's political bureau the proposed new statutes. The proposed statutes provided for, among others, the election of the presidents of the departmental federations by direct democracy, the end of the political currents and consulting members on election nominations.
Critics of Sarkozy claimed it was "illegal" for him to name the party "Republicans" because every French person is a republican if they support the values and ideals of the French Republic that emanated from the French Revolution, and as such the term is above party politics. The new name was adopted by the party bureau on 5 May 2015 and approved by the party membership on 28 May by an online "yes" vote of 83.3% on a 45.7% turnout after a court ruling in favour of Sarkozy. The new party statutes were adopted by 96.3% of voters and the composition of the new political bureau by 94.8%.
The change to the name "The Republicans" was confirmed at the party's founding congress on 30 May 2015 at the Paris Event Centre in Paris, attended by 10,000 activists. Angela Merkel, chairwoman of the centre-right CDU, sent a congratulatory message to the congress. The Republicans thus became the legal successor of the UMP and the leading centre-right party in France.
The organisation has been declared in the préfecture de Saône-et-Loire on 9 April 2015. According to the statement of this declaration, its aim is to "promote ideas of the right and centre, open to every people who wish to be member and debate in the spirit of a political party with republican ideas in France or outside France". This party foundation was published in the Journal officiel de la République française on 25 April 2015.
After winning the party's presidential primary, François Fillon suffered a historic defeat in the first round of the presidential election, with the candidate of the right failing to continue to the second round for the first time in the history of the Fifth Republic amid "Penelopegate". In the second round of the legislative elections in June, The Republicans and its allies suffered further losses, losing nearly a hundred deputies, which represented its worst ever performance.
After Emmanuel Macron was elected as president, he appointed three right-wing politicians in his government – Édouard Philippe as Prime Minister, Bruno Le Maire as French Ministry for the Economy and Finance, and Gérald Darmanin as Minister of Public Action and Accounts. As a consequence, a parliamentary group including LR dissidents supportive of the government line, "The Constructives", was formed in the National Assembly, separate from the existing group.
On 11 July, the political bureau of The Republicans agreed to hold a leadership election for president of the party on 10 and 17 December; Laurent Wauquiez was elected in a single round on 10 December.
|1||Nicolas Sarkozy||30 May 2015||23 August 2016|
|2||Laurent Wauquiez||23 August 2016||29 November 2016|
|vacant from 29 November 2016 to 10 December 2017|
|3||Laurent Wauquiez||10 December 2017||Incumbent|
|1||Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet||30 May 2015||15 December 2015|
|2||Laurent Wauquiez||15 December 2015||23 August 2016|
|29 November 2016||10 December 2017|
|3||Virginie Calmels||10 December 2017||Incumbent|
|1||Bernard Accoyer||29 November 2016||13 December 2017|
|2||Annie Genevard||13 December 2017||Incumbent|
|Election year||Candidate||1st round||2nd round|
|Election year||1st round||2nd round||Seats||+/−||Rank
112 / 577