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The Polar Express (film)

The Polar Express
The Polar Express (2004) poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Robert Zemeckis
Produced by
Screenplay by
Based on The Polar Express
by Chris Van Allsburg
Music by Alan Silvestri
Edited by
  • R. Orlando Duenas
  • Jeremiah O'Driscoll
Distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures[1]
Release date
Running time
100 minutes[2]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $165 million[2][3]
Box office $309.8 million[2]

The Polar Express is a 2004 American 3D computer-animated Christmas musical fantasy film based on the 1985 children's book of the same name by Chris Van Allsburg, who served as one of the executive producers on the film. Written, produced, and directed by Robert Zemeckis, the film features human characters animated using live action motion capture animation. The film stars Daryl Sabara, Nona Gaye, Jimmy Bennett, and Eddie Deezen, with Tom Hanks in six distinct roles. The film also included a performance by Tinashe at age 9, who later gained exposure as a pop singer in 2010, as the CGI-model for the female protagonist.

Castle Rock Entertainment produced the film in association with Shangri-La Entertainment, ImageMovers, Playtone, and Golden Mean for Warner Bros. Pictures, as Castle Rock's first animated production. The visual effects and performance capture were done at Sony Pictures Imageworks. The film was made with a budget of $165 million, a record-breaking sum for an animated feature at the time. The film was released in both conventional and IMAX 3D theaters on November 10, 2004. It grossed $309 million worldwide, and was later listed in the 2006 Guinness World Book of Records as the first all-digital capture film. The film also marks Michael Jeter's last acting role before his death, and the film was thus dedicated to his memory.[4]


On Christmas Eve, a boy who is beginning to question Santa’s existence witnesses a train known as the Polar Express, that is about to depart for the North Pole. When the boy examines the train, the conductor allows him to board. The boy meets other children, including a girl and a know-it-all kid. When the train picks up another boy, Billy, he initially declines to board but changes his mind and chases the train, and the hero boy applies the emergency brakes for him to get on. Billy sits in the empty dining car while the conductor summons a waiter team to give the children hot chocolate, and the girl hides one under her seat to give to Billy. The girl and the conductor deliver the hot chocolate cup to Billy, but the hero boy discovers the girl’s ticket has not been punched by the conductor. He loses it while trying to return it, so the conductor takes her for a walk on the top of the train. Thinking he plans to throw her off, the hero boy locates the lost ticket and pursues them.

The boy meets a hobo, who claims to be the owner of the train and King of North Pole. He helps the boy by skiing down the rooftops as the Polar Express goes down a steep slope. Before reaching Flat Top Tunnel, the boy jumps into the engine's coal tender and finds the girl controlling the train. After the driver, Steamer, and his aide, Smokey, replace the engine's headlight, Steamer sees something unusual ahead, and orders the train to be stopped. The hero boy applies the brakes, and the crew witness a big herd of caribou. The conductor pulls Smokey’s beard several times, causing him to let out animal-like sound effects, and the caribou horde moves away. Afterwards, the cotter pin of the throttle sheers off, causing the train to speed up and run out of control as it crosses Glacier Gulch, and encounters a frozen lake. The lost cotter pin pierces the ice, causing it to crack. Smokey uses his hairpin to repair the throttle. The train eventually makes it to the other side of the tracks just before the ice collapses completely. The hero boy returns the girl’s lost ticket for the conductor to punch. The conductor takes the two kids to a train car where there are many abandoned toys. The hobo scares the hero boy with an Ebenezer Scrooge puppet by calling him a doubter, and the boy retreats to the observation car. The train encounters auroras and finally reaches the North Pole.

Upon arrival, all the kids prepare to see Santa, while the hero boy and girl see Billy still depressed and alone in the dining car. They encourage Billy to go, but the carriage is separated when the hero boy accidentally steps on the coupler cut lever. While trying to find their way back to the group, the trio explores the city's industrial area, until falling on Santa’s pile of presents. Meanwhile, the kids discover that the know-it-all kid is also in the sack. The gargantuan bag is placed on Santa’s sleigh, and elves remove the kids. As the reindeer are prepared, Santa arrives, who the hero boy desperately tries to look at but can’t see. A bell breaks loose from a harness, and the hero boy retrieves it. He first hears nothing, but when he believes, he hears the bell ring. Santa appears behind him and entrusts the boy with the bell, and then he leaves with his reindeer.

The elves re-attach the lost car back to the train, and the kids prepare to head home. The kids request the hero boy show the bell, but when he is devastated to learn that he has lost it through a hole in a pocket. As the kids are returned home, the hero boy sees Billy has already been visited by Santa. He is taken home, and everyone else bids him farewell. On Christmas morning, the boy's sister wakes him up to open presents, including the bell that he lost, which comes with a note from Santa, saying he found it on the seat of his sleigh. The parents hear no sound from the bell, but the narrator tells that he can still hear it, as the bell only rings for those who truly believe.


This film marks the final performance of actor Michael Jeter; Jeter died the year before the film's release.
  • Tom Hanks as the Hero Boy (motion-capture only), the Hero Boy's father, the Conductor, the Hobo, Santa Claus, and the Narrator
  • Leslie Zemeckis as Sister Sarah (motion-capture only) and the Hero Boy's mother
    • Isabella Peregrina as Sister Sarah (voice)
    • Ashly Holloway as Sister Sarah (additional motion-capture)
  • Eddie Deezen as the Know-It-All Kid
    • Jimmy Pinchak as the Know-It-All Kid (additional motion-capture)
  • Nona Gaye as the Hero Girl
    • Chantel Valdivieso as the Hero Girl (additional motion-capture)
    • Meagan Moore as the Hero Girl (singing voice)
    • Tinashe as the Hero Girl (motion-capture modeling)
  • Peter Scolari as Billy the Lonely Boy (motion-capture only)
    • Hayden McFarland as Billy the Lonely Boy (additional motion-capture)
    • Jimmy Bennett as Billy the Lonely Boy (voice)
    • Matthew Hall as Billy the Lonely Boy (singing voice)
  • Dylan Cash as Boy on Train (voice)
  • Brendan King and Andy Pellick as the Pastry Chefs
  • Josh Eli, Rolandas Hendricks, Jon Scott, Sean Scott, Mark Mendonca, Mark Goodman, Gregory Gast, and Gordon Hart as the Waiters
  • Andre Sogliuzzo as Smokey and Steamer (voice)
    • Michael Jeter (in his final film role) as Smokey and Steamer (motion-capture only)
  • Chris Coppola as Gus the Toothless Boy and an Elf
    • Connor Matheus as the Toothless Boy (additional motion-capture)
  • Julene Renee as the Red Head Girl and an Elf
  • Phil Fondacaro, Debbie Lee Carrington, Mark Povinelli, and Ed Gale as Elves
  • Charles Fleischer as the Elf General
  • Steven Tyler as the Elf Lieutenant and the Elf Singer
  • Dante Pastula as the Little Boy
  • Eric Newton, Aidan O'Shea, Aaron Hendry, Kevin C. Carr, Bee Jay Joyer, Jena Carpenter, Karine Mauffrey, Beth Carpenter, Bill Forchion, Devin Henderson, and Sagiv Ben-Binyamin as Acrobatic Elves
  • Evan Sabara as a Young Boy (additional motion-capture)



Administration building of the Pullman Palace Car Company

The buildings at the North Pole refer to a number of buildings related to American railroading history. The buildings in the square at the city's center are loosely based on the Pullman Factory in Chicago's Pullman neighborhood,[5] and the Control Center is based on the old Penn Station in New York City.[citation needed]

Polar Express Locomotive

Pere Marquette locomotive 1225, the basis for the Polar Express.

The locomotive featured in the film is an American 2-8-4 Berkshire type steam locomotive, with a cowcatcher, modeled after the Pere Marquette 1225, which had spent many years on static display near Spartan Stadium, where Chris Van Allsburg recalled playing on the engine when attending games as a child.[6]

In July 2002, Warner Bros. approached the engine's owner, the Steam Railroading Institute, to study the engine.[7] The engine in the film is modeled from the PM #1225's drawings and the sounds from recordings made of the 1225 operating under steam.[8] The whistle, however, was taken from Sierra Railway #3.

IMAX 3D version

In addition to standard theatrical 35mm format, a 3-D version for IMAX was also released, generated from the same 3-D digital models used for the standard version. It was the first film not specially made for IMAX to be presented in this format and the first to open in IMAX 3-D at the same time as main flat release. The 3-D version out-performed the 2-D version by about 14 to 1. The 3-D IMAX version was released again for the 2005 Holiday season in 66 IMAX theaters and made another $7.5 million prior to Christmas. Due to its financial success, the IMAX version was re-released every year since then. The anaglyph 3-D version was released to DVD and Blu-ray Disc, October 28, 2008. Both formats include both the film's 2-D and 3-D versions.[citation needed] It was then re-released on Blu-ray 3D (stereoscopic) November 16, 2010, with new cover art.

Home media release

The film was released on DVD as separated widescreen and full-screen versions in single and two-disc special editions (with bonus features) and on VHS on November 22, 2005, one year after the film came out.[9] It was released on Blu-ray with bonus features and presented in the original widescreen aspect ratio on October 30, 2007.


The film's score was composed by Alan Silvestri. This film marks Silvestri's 11th time collaborating with Zemeckis. Other films Silvestri has scored include Cast Away, What Lies Beneath, Contact, Back to the Future, and Forrest Gump.


Critical response

On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews, the film has a weighted average score of 61 out of 100 based on 36 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[10] On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 56% based on 202 reviews, with an average rating of 6.4/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Though the movie is visually stunning overall, the animation for the human characters isn't lifelike enough, and the story is padded."[11] Despite the polarized reception from critics, The Polar Express has been popular among audiences. The Independent reported in 2011 that the film "is now seen by many as a classic".[12] CinemaScore reported that audiences gave the film a rare "A+" grade.[13]

Roger Ebert gave the film his highest rating of four stars, saying, "There's a deeper, shivery tone, instead of the mindless jolliness of the usual Christmas movie." And "It has a haunting, magical quality ..." Acknowledging comments by other reviewers, Ebert said, "It's a little creepy. Not creepy in an unpleasant way, but in that sneaky, teasing way that lets you know eerie things could happen."[14] Richard Roeper gave a glowing review to the film as well, saying that it "remains true to the book, right down to the bittersweet final image."[this quote needs a citation] James Berardinelli gave it a 3.5/4, stating that it is "a delightful tale guaranteed to enthrall viewers of all ages", and ranked it as the 10th best film of 2004.[15]

The character design and animation were criticized for dipping into the uncanny valley.[16] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film 1 star out of 4, and called it "a failed and lifeless experiment in which everything goes wrong".[17] Stephanie Zacharek of Salon gave the film 1.5 stars out of 5 and said, "I could probably have tolerated the incessant jitteriness of The Polar Express if the look of it didn't give me the creeps."[18] Geoff Pevere of the Toronto Star stated, "If I were a child, I'd have nightmares. Come to think of it, I did anyway."[19] Paul Clinton from CNN called it "at best disconcerting, and at worst, a wee bit horrifying".[20]

Box office

The film opened at #2 and earned $23,323,463 from approximately 7,000 screens at 3,650 theaters, for a per-theater average of $6,390 and a per-screen average of $3,332 in its opening weekend. It also brought in a total of $30,629,146 since its Wednesday launch. The weekend total also included $2,100,000 from 59 IMAX theaters, for an IMAX theater average of $35,593, and had a $3,000,000 take since Wednesday. In its second weekend, it grossed another $15,668,101, averaging $4,293 from 3,650 venues and boosting the 12-day cumulative to $51,463,282 and over Thanksgiving weekend made another $19,389,927, averaging $5,312 from 3,650 venues and raising the 19-day cumulative to $81,479,861.[citation needed] The film has made $185,618,322 domestically (including IMAX re-releases), and $124,140,582 overseas for a total worldwide gross of $309,758,904.[2]

The film had its network TV premiere on ABC, December 1, 2006. The airing brought in 13.2 million viewers, winning its timeslot and ranking 20th in the Nielsen ratings that week, according to

Awards and honors

The film was nominated for three Academy Awards:

In 2008, the American Film Institute nominated The Polar Express for its Top 10 Animated Films list.[22]

The "Polar Express Experience"

In November 2007, SeaWorld Orlando debuted the Polar Express Experience, a Motion Simulator ride based on the film. The attraction is a temporary replacement for the Wild Arctic attraction. The building housing the attraction was also temporarily re-themed to a railroad station and ride vehicles painted to resemble Polar Express passenger cars. The plot for the ride revolves around a trip to the North Pole on Christmas Eve. Guests feel the motion of the locomotive as well as the swinging of the train on ice and feeling of ice crumbling beneath them. The attraction was available until January 1, 2008,[23] and is now open annually during the Christmas season.

The 4D film, distributed by SimEx-Iwerks, has been shown at other amusement parks around the world including Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden, Dollywood (during the annual Smoky Mountain Christmas event), Vancouver Aquarium (2009 — 2010),[24] and Warner Bros. Movie World (during the White Christmas events in 2010 and 2011).

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "The Polar Express". American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d "The Polar Express". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2017-01-03. 
  3. ^ Grover, Ronald (19 October 2001). "Can Polar Express Make the Grade?". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 
  4. ^ Rooney, David (October 24, 2004). "Review: 'The Polar Express'". Variety. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Ridin' the reels". The Chicago Tribune. October 7, 2007. p. 2. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  6. ^ Detroit Free Press,November 4, 2004 "Meet Chris Van Allsburg"
  7. ^ "Steam Railroading Institute History". Steam Railroading Institute. Retrieved August 23, 2015. July 2002: Warner Brothers arranges to use 1225’s image in “The Polar Express,”... 
  8. ^ Mills, Rcik (May 22, 2015). "Iconic steam engine offering rides from Mt. Pleasant". The Morning Sun. Retrieved August 23, 2015. The 1225’s blueprints were used as the prototype for the locomotive image, and its sounds were used to bring the Polar Express to life. 
  9. ^, "The Polar Express (VHS)". Accessed December 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "The Polar Express". Metacritic. Retrieved 2015-06-08. 
  11. ^ "The Polar Express (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2015-06-08. 
  12. ^ "The 175m flop so bad it could end the 3D boom". The Independent. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 
  13. ^ Pamela McClintock (August 19, 2011). "Why CinemaScore Matters for Box Office". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 14, 2016. 
  14. ^ Ebert, Roger (November 9, 2004). "The Polar Express". Roger Ebert Reviews. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 
  15. ^ Berardinelli, James. "Polar Express, The (United States, 2004)". Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  16. ^ Page-Kirby, Kristen (2015-05-07). "'The D Train' isn't actually about trains. But these 5 movies are". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-06-08. 
  17. ^ Travers, Peter (2004-11-18). "The Polar Express". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2015-06-08. 
  18. ^ Zacharek, Stephanie (2004-11-10). "The Polar Express". Salon. Retrieved 2015-06-08. 
  19. ^ Herman, Barbara (2013-10-30). "The 10 Scariest Movies and Why They Creep Us Out". Newsweek. Retrieved 2015-06-08. 
  20. ^ Clinton, Paul (2004-11-10). "Review: 'Polar Express' a creepy ride". CNN. Retrieved 2015-06-08. 
  21. ^ "Academy Awards Database: 2004 (77th)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 
  22. ^ "AFI'S 10 Top 10 - Official Ballot" (PDF). AFI. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 16, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  23. ^ "The Polar Express Experience at SeaWorld Orlando Begins This Friday, November 12th.." Visit Tampa Bay. November 10, 2010. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 
  24. ^ "Polar Express 4-D Experience". November 30, 2009. 

External links