In 1887, John Taylor—who by then had become the president of the church—sent Charles Ora Card, the president of the church's Cache Stake, to Canada's Northwest Territories to establish a Mormon colony that was beyond the reach of the United States government's anti-polygamy prosecutions. Card led a group of followers and established a settlement along Lee's Creek; the settlement was eventually renamed Cardston in Card's honour. The Alberta Stake of the church was created in 1895 with Card as its president; it was the first stake of the church established outside of the United States.
The Alberta Stake was divided in two in 1903: the Alberta Stake remained headquartered in Cardston and the new Taylor Stake—named in honour of John W. Taylor—was headquartered in Raymond. By 1910, there were about 10,000 Latter-day Saints in southern Alberta and in 1913 the church began construction of a temple in Cardston. In 1924, Heber J. Grant dedicated the Alberta Temple as the first church temple outside of the United States. A stake was organized in Lethbridge in 1921.
Stirling, one of Alberta's original Mormon settlements and a National Historic Site of Canada, was founded by Theodore Brandley in 1899, and is one of few towns in Canada plotted out by the Plat of Zion. Today, Stirling still follows the Plat of Zion; for this reason, the village is recognized as the most well-preserved Canadian example of the Latter-day Saint planning model.
Cardston, Alberta, Canada 27 June 1913 26 August 1923 by Heber J. Grant 22 June 1991 by Gordon B. Hinckley 81,700 sq ft (7,590 m2) and 85 ft (26 m) high on a 10 acre (4 ha) site An addition was completed in 1962 and was dedicated on July 2, 1962 by Hugh B. Brown.
Brampton, Ontario, Canada 7 April 1984 25 August 1990 by Gordon B. Hinckley 57,982 sq ft (5,387 m2) and 171 ft (52 m) high on a 13.4 acre (5.4 ha) site Modern, single-spire design - designed by Allward-Gouinlock Inc.
Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada May 7, 1998 November 14, 1999 by Gordon B. Hinckley 10,700 sq ft (990 m2) and 71 ft (22 m) high on a 2 acre (0.8 ha) site Classic modern, single spire - designed by L.A. Beaubien and Associates, and Church A&E Services
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada August 3, 1998 November 14, 1999 by Boyd K. Packer 10,700 sq ft (990 m2) and 71 ft (22 m) high on a 1 acre (0.4 ha) site Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Roger B. Mitchell and Church A&E Services
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada August 11, 1998 December 11, 1999 by Gordon B. Hinckley 10,700 sq ft (990 m2) and 71 ft (22 m) high on a 1 acre (0.4 ha) site Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Robert Bennett and Church A&E Services
Longueuil, Quebec, Canada 6 August 1998 4 June 2000 by Gordon B. Hinckley 22 November 2015 by Henry B. Eyring 10,700 sq ft (990 m2) and 71 ft (22 m) high on a 2.4 acre (1 ha) site Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Andrij Serbyn, Fichten Soiferman and Church A&E Services
Langley, British Columbia, Canada 25 May 2006 2 May 2010 by Thomas S. Monson 19,053 sq ft (1,770 m2) on a 11.77 acre (4.8 ha) site Open house was held in April and the dedication 2 May 2010. First temple in British Columbia and 6th in Canada.