This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Thales Group

Thales S.A.
Société Anonyme
Traded as EuronextHO
CAC Next 20 Component
Industry Aerospace, Defence, Transport, Security
Predecessor Thomson-CSF
Founded 6 December 2000; 16 years ago (2000-12-06)
Headquarters La Défense, France
Area served
worldwide
Key people
Patrice Caine (CEO)
Products Tactical radios, remote weapon systems, radar, infantry mobility vehicles, aerospace electronics
Revenue 14.9 billion (2016)[1]
Increase €1354 million (2016)[1]
Profit Increase €897 million (2016)[1]
Number of employees
64,000 (end 2016)[1]
Subsidiaries Thales Communications
Thales Air Defence
Thales Underwater Systems
Thales Services
Thales Nederland
Thales Australia
Thales Training & Simulation
Thales Alenia Space
Website www.thalesgroup.com

Thales Group (French: [talɛs]) is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets. Its headquarters are in La Défense[2] (the business district of Paris), and its stock is listed on the Euronext Paris.

The company changed its name to Thales (from the Greek philosopher Thales, pronounced [talɛs] reflecting its pronunciation in French) from Thomson-CSF in December 2000 shortly after the £1.3 billion acquisition of Racal Electronics plc, a UK defence electronics group. It is partially state-owned by the French government,[3] and has operations in more than 56 countries. It has 64,000 employees and generated 14.9 billion in revenues in 2016. The Group is ranked as the 475th largest company in the world by Fortune 500 Global.[4] It is also the 10th largest defence contractor in the world[5] and 55% of its total sales are military sales.[3]

The CEO of Thales Group is Patrice Caine since December 2014.[6]

History

The research centre of Thales in the business cluster of Paris-Saclay, France.

Thales' predecessor, Thomson-CSF, evolved from Compagnie Française Thomson-Houston (CFTH), which was established in 1893. However Thomson-CSF itself was established in 1968 when Thomson-Brandt (the renamed CFTH) merged its electronics arm with that of Compagnie Générale de Télégraphie Sans Fil (CSF).

Thales formed a joint venture with Raytheon in June 2001 to combine their radar and communications systems divisions. Named ThalesRaytheonSystems, the firm is 50% owned by both parent companies.

In 2002 Thales set up the joint venture company Armaris with the French shipbuilder DCN to offer a total "bottom up" shipbuilding capability.

In 2002, Thales Broadcast Multimedia, a former subsidiary of Thales, provided China with standard short-wave radio-broadcasting equipment designed for general public radio broadcasting. Although the contract was not at all for the purpose of jamming foreign radio stations broadcasting to China, it now appears that this is what the ALLISS antennas are being used for.

In 2003 Thales UK's design won the competition for the Royal Navy Future Carrier (CVF) and the company now participates in an alliance company with BAE Systems and the UK Ministry of Defence. This Thales design may form the basis of the Future French aircraft carrier which the company has agreed to build with DCN.

In 2006 Thales acquired Australian Defence Industries, a major manufacturer of military equipment such as smokeless gunpowder and the Bushmaster IMV.

Alcatel deal

In April 2006, Thales announced it would be acquiring Alcatel's space business (67% of Alcatel Alenia Space and 33% of Telespazio), and Alcatel's Rail Signalling Solutions division in a deal which also raised Alcatel's ownership of Thales to 21.66 percent. The French government would also decrease its ownership in Thales to 27.1 percent from 31.3 percent as part of the acquisition. The deal would also include the Systems Integration activities (those not dedicated to telecoms operators, and covering mainly the transport and energy sectors). In December 2008, Alcatel agreed to sell a 20.8% stake in French engineering group Thales SA to Dassault Aviation SA for €1.57 billion ($2.27 billion).

As of 31 December 2014, Thales Group was owned 26.4% by the Government of France, 25.3% by Dassault Aviation, and 48.3% float, including employee ownership of 2%.[7]

Operations

Thales Group has made many electronic devices and equipment used by the French Armed Forces from its past as Thomson-CSF, including the SPECTRA helmet for the army and the gendarmerie. It has worked with Dassault Aviation on the Rafale and made its SPECTRA defensive aids. Thales often worked with DCNS and designed the electronics used on French ships, and it is involved in the construction of both the Horizon and FREMM programs. Thales, as Thomson-CSF, was involved in the Taiwan frigates scandal, relating to the sale of La Fayette class frigates to Taiwan. It is also present in Eurosam as Thomson-CSF was a founder of the consortium along Aérospatiale and Alenia Aeronautica. In February 2004, Thales was awarded a contract for a new command and control system for the French Navy, the SIC 21, that will be fitted on the Charles de Gaulle, many vessels and shore locations. Additionally, the Future French aircraft carrier involved Thales as the main designer of the ship. Thales is also working on X-ray imaging, finances, energy and operating commercial satellites.

By 2012 the company is mainly composed of five branches: Defense, Security, Space, Aerospace and Ground transportation.

Among the EU supported projects Thales participates in are:

Defence

The company's design won the competition for the Royal Navy Future Carrier (CVF). It is part of the AirTanker consortium, the winning bid for the RAF's Future Strategic Tanker Aircraft. Thales UK won the contract for the British Army UAV programme, Watchkeeper. It also produces the SWARM remote weapon station. Thales simulators include full motion devices as well as flat panel and other training facilities.

Thales Air Defence produces a range of short-range missile systems such as the Starstreak surface-to-air missile.

Aerospace

The Thales ATM (Air Traffic Management) solution is marketed under the name "TopSky", previously named "EuroCat". Thales supplies avionics to civil aircraft manufacturers, including Fly-By-Wire systems, cockpit systems, navigation computers, satellite communication, inflight entertainment and electrical systems.

Ground transportation

Thales has major involvement in the UK rail industry as a result of the Racal merger and the 2006 acquisition of Alcatel's Rail Signalling Solutions division and transport business.[10] Thales is to modernize 40 per cent of London Tube network London Underground.[11]

In Denmark Thales now owns 100% the "East-west Consortium" contracted for a country-wide travel card (Danish: "Rejsekort").[2].

Other activities

Thales is also a major manufacturer of in-flight entertainment systems on board airliners. Thales' primary competitors in this area of business include Panasonic Avionics Corporation, Rockwell Collins, and LiveTV (originally owned by JetBlue, now owned by Thales).

Thales Navigation, a division that produced GPS units, was sold to private equity group Shah Capital Partners and renamed Magellan.

Thales international

Thales' international subsidiaries generated 52% of the company's revenue in 2008, with Thales UK being the largest of these accounting for 13% of group revenue.[12] Its large presence in the UK (largely as a result of the Racal acquisition) has resulted in several high-profile contracts.

Thales has offices in:[13]

Products

Financial information

Thales' major shareholders are the French state (27.0%) and Dassault Aviation (25.9%).[20]

Corruption allegations

Centralized slush fund

Michel Josserand, former head of THEC, a subsidiary of Thales, and Dominique Monleau, alleged that Thales has a centralized slush fund that it uses to bribe officials.[21]

ANC

Schabir Shaik, the financial advisor to the president of the African National Congress party Jacob Zuma, was found guilty of organising a bribe on behalf of Thomson-CSF.[22]

World Bank

In 2004 the World Bank’s Integrity Unit blacklisted Thales from any of the World Bank’s projects for one year because of its fraudulent practices in a US$6.9 million contract for the supply and maintenance of motorcycles in Cambodia.[23]

Taiwanese naval order

Around 1991-1993, French state owned Elf Aquitaine was involved (with other companies & countries) in selling frigates to Taiwan. On June 10, 2011 Thales Group and the French Government were ordered to pay 630 million euros (almost a billion US dollars) in fines after the courts heard that bribes had been paid to the Taiwanese government to win this large naval contract. Part (about 27%) of the responsibility was transferred to Thales Group because it held the legacy from Thomson-CSF. To this day, this is the largest corruption case in French history.[24]

Components

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Annual Results 2016". Thales. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  2. ^ [www.thalesgroup.com]
  3. ^ a b "About us". Thales Group. 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Global 500, CNN
  5. ^ The SIPRI Top 100 arms-producing and military services companies in the world excluding China, 2011, Sipri.org, 2011
  6. ^ "Chief Executive Officer"
  7. ^ "The Thales group Corporate presentation" (PDF). Thales. March 2017. p. 2. Retrieved 9 May 2017. 
  8. ^ (fr) Thales sélectionné pour sécuriser Galileo, Spyworld Actu, August 25, 2005
  9. ^ SESAR must be applicable globally, sesarju.eu, March 2, 2011
  10. ^ [www.meghas.com]
  11. ^ [www.thalesgroup.com]
  12. ^ "Annual Report 2016" (PDF). Thales. Retrieved 9 May 2017. 
  13. ^ International presence, Thalesgroup.com
  14. ^ Thales win multi-million pound missile deal, 4NI.co.uk, May 8, 2003
  15. ^ "Egypt | Thales Group". www.thalesgroup.com. Retrieved 2016-04-10. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ Thales Canada, Aerospace Division is Changing Locations, Market Wire, November 23, 2007
  18. ^ Adam Sandle, Cesar Kuberek and Thales Lead the Way in Latin America, Ground Report, July 2, 2013
  19. ^ "Thales launches Search Master family of AESA radars". Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  20. ^ "Shareholding structure". Thales Group. at 31 December 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2017.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  21. ^ "Section socialiste de l'île de Ré » Thales à la barre du tribunal". Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  22. ^ "BBC NEWS - Business - Thales firms in Zuma indictment". Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  23. ^ [go.worldbank.org] Cambodia: World Bank Sanctions Thales Engineering and Consulting S.A. and Others in Demobilization Project
  24. ^ "Thales and French Government to Share in Fine for Taiwanese Bribes". 10 June 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 

External links