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|Territoire de Belfort|
Location of Territoire de Belfort in France
|• President of the General Council||Florian Bouquet (UMP)|
|• Total||609.4 km2 (235.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||240/km2 (610/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
The administrative district Territoire de Belfort was created under the terms of the 1871 Treaty of Frankfurt. The German Empire annexed almost all of Alsace, but the French were able to negotiate retention of the Territoire de Belfort which thereby was separated from the rest of Alsace (where it had been part of the department of Haut-Rhin). There were three principal reasons for this exceptional treatment:
The Germans agreed primarily because the Prussian military officiers indicated that leaving it in France would give Germany a more defensible border.
After retaining its unique status as a territoire for just over half a century, Belfort was officially recognized as France's 90th department in 1922. France had recovered Alsace three years earlier, but the decision was taken not to reintegrate Belfort into its former department. There was talk of giving it a new departmental name, with suggestions that included "Savoureuse" (after the main river of the new department) or "Mont-Terrible" (the name of a former Napoleonic department embracing parts of Switzerland), but there was no consensus for a name change and the department continues to be known as the Territoire de Belfort.
The departmental income of the department in 2008 had increased to €18 259 which was a little below the overall national figure. The averaged figure for the Territoire de Belfort masked relatively large disparities such as, in particular, that between Belfort itself at €15 431 and Bermont at €24 677.
In 2013 the department recorded a population of 144,318. Of these, slightly more than 50,000 live in the commune of Belfort itself.
Four principal phases can be identified in the population trends during the two centuries between 1801 and 2000.
Geographers might contend that Belfort lies on the ridge that divides two regions of France, but before 1870 it was politically part of Alsace. However, in terms of the political regions established in 1982, the Territoire de Belfort has found itself in the Franche-Comté rather than Alsace.
The Lion of Belfort commemorates the resistance of Belfort during the Franco-Prussian War.
Cascade of the Savoureuse river
Eurockéennes music festival
Media related to Territoire de Belfort at Wikimedia Commons