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Tenggerese dialect

Tenggerese
Basa Tengger
RegionJava, Indonesia
Native speakers
500,000[1] (2010 census)[2]
Javanese
Language codes
ISO 639-3tes
Glottologteng1272[3]

Tenggerese language (sometimes referred to as Tengger Javanese language) is a language used by the Tenggerese people in the mountain region of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park which includes Pasuruan Regency, Probolinggo Regency, Malang Regency and Lumajang Regency of East Java, Indonesia.

Linguistically, Tenggerese language is part of the Javanese language in the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages.

Some linguists regard the Tenggerese language as a descendant of the ancient Kawi language, as it has retained old vocabulary that is no longer used in the modern Javanese language.[4]

Dispersion

Tenggerese language is spoken in regions that are settled by the Tenggerese people in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park area:

Grammar

A few examples of words in Tenggerese language:-

Tenggerese language Malay language English
reang aku I (for male)
isun aku I (for female)
sira kamu you
rika anda you (for an older person)

When the alphabet "A" is read as "O" in modern Javanese language, in Tenggerese language it is still read as "A".[5]

References

  1. ^ "Publication Name:". Sp2010.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  2. ^ Tenggerese at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tengger". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Dwi Astuti Wahyu Nurhayati (2016). "Phonological System of Tengger Dialect in Ngoko Speech Level". Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics. p. 2. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  5. ^ Dwi Astuti Wahyu Nurhayati (2016). "Phonological System of Tengger Dialect in Ngoko Speech Level". Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics. p. 9. Retrieved 2017-07-15.