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Ten city-kingdoms of Cyprus

The ten city-kingdoms of ancient Cyprus were the Greek, Graeco-Phoenician or Graeco-Eteocypriot, states listed in an inscription of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon in 673-672 BC:[1]

  • Paphos, Πάφος (Greek)
  • Salamis, Σαλαμίς (Greek)
  • Soloi, Σόλοι (Greek)
  • Kourion, Κούριον (Greek)
  • Chytroi, Χῦτροι (Greek)
  • Kition, Κίτιον (Graeco-Phoenician)
  • Amathus, Ἀμαθούς (Graeco-Eteocypriot)
  • Idalion, Ἰδάλιον (Greek)
  • Ledrai, Λῆδραι (Greek)
  • Tamassos, Ταμασσός (Greek)

And later :

  • Kyrenia, Κυρηνεία (Greek)
  • Lapethos, Λάπηθος (Greek, Graeco-Phoenician for a short while)
  • Marion, Μάριον (Greek)

Chypriotische koninkrijken.PNG


  1. ^ Sir Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge 1880, “The history of Esarhaddon (son of Sennacherib) king of Assyria” (The Names of the Twenty-two Kings, p. 104-108)