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Tarakeswar (community development block)

Tarakeswar
Community development block
Tarakeswar is located in West Bengal
Tarakeswar
Tarakeswar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°53′N 88°01′E / 22.89°N 88.02°E / 22.89; 88.02
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
Government
 • TypeRepresentative democracy
Area
 • Total119.93 km2 (46.31 sq mi)
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total179,148
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
712410 (Tarakeswar)
712401 (Champadanga)
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Vehicle registrationWB-15, WB-16, WB-18
Literacy79.96%
Lok Sabha constituencyArambag
Vidhan Sabha constituencyTarakeswar
Websitehooghly.gov.in

Tarakeswar is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Chandannagore subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Overview

The Tarakeswar CD Block is part of the Hooghly-Damodar Plain, one of the three natural regions in the district of the flat alluvial plains, that forms part of the Gangetic Delta. The region has many depressions which receive water from the surrounding lands during the rainy season and discharge the water through small channels.[1]

Geography

Map of Hooghly district showing CD blocks and municipal areas

Tarakeswar is located at 22°53′N 88°01′E / 22.89°N 88.02°E / 22.89; 88.02.

Tarakeswar CD Block is bounded by Dhaniakhali CD Block, in the north, Haripal, CD Block in the east, Jangipara CD Block, in the south and Pursurah CD Block in the west.

It is located 45 km from Chinsurah, the district headquarters.

Tarakeswar CD Block has an area of 119.93 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 144 gram sansads (village councils), 90 mouzas and 89 inhabited villages. Tarakeswar police station serves this block.[2] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Tarakeswar.[3] [4]

Map of Tarakeswar CD block

Gram panchayats of Tarakeswar block/ panchayat samiti are: Astara-Duttapur, Baligori I, Baligori II, Bhanjipur, Champadanga, Keshabchak, Naita-Mal Paharpur, Purba Ramnagar, Santoshpur and Talpur.[5]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India, Tarakeswar CD Block had a total population of 179,148, all of which were rural. There were 91,534 (51%) males and 87,614 (49%) females. The population under the age of 6 years was 17,096. Scheduled Castes numbered 42,338 (23.63%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 9,034 (5.04%).[6]

As per the 2001 census, Tarakeswar block had a total population of 162,355, out of which 83,141 were males and 79,214 were females. Tarakeswar block registered a population growth of 11.56 percent during the 1991-2001 decade. The decadal growth rate for Hooghly district was 15.72 percent.[7] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 percent.[8]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Tarakeswar CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Santoshpur (4,063), Talpur (5,389), Moktarpur (6,364), Bhanjipur (4,433), Purba Ramnagar (7,759), Baligari (5,845), Astara (6,590) and Champadanga (12,518).[6]

Other villages in Tarakeswar CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Keshabchak (2,569), Malpaharpur (2,116) and Duttapur (1,168).[6]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Tarakeswar CD Block was 129,574 (79.96% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 71,609 (86.52% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 57,965 (73.11% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 13.42%.[6]

As per the 2001 census, Tarakeswar block had a total literacy of 56.23 per cent. While male literacy was 77.61 per cent, female literacy was 54.66 per cent.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion

As per the 2001 census, Bengali is the mother tongue for 86.4 % of the population of the district followed by Hindi at 7.9%. Santali at 2.6% and Urdu at 2.0%, are the two other major languages spoken in the district. The population who reported Bengali as a mother tongue has decreased from 88.1% in 1961 to 86.4% in 2001 census whereas the population who reported Hindi as mother tongue has increased from 5.8% in 1961 to 7.9% in 2001 census.[10]

Religion in Tarakeswar CD Block
Hindu
88.94%
Muslim
10.20%
Others
0.86%

As per the 2011 census, majority of the population of the district belong to the Hindu community with a population share of 82.9% followed by Muslims at 15.8%. The percentage of the Hindu population of the district has followed a decreasing trend from 87.1% in 1961 to 82.9% in the latest census 2011. On the other hand, the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 12.7% in 1961 to 15.8% in 2011 census.[10]

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 159,330 and formed 88.94% of the population in Tarakeswar CD Block. Muslims numbered 18,274 and formed 10.20% of the population. Others numbered 1,544 and formed 0.86% of the population.[11]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Tarakeswar CD Block was 18.62%.[12]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Tarakeswar CD Block

  Cultivators (19.55%)
  Agricultural labourers (38.09%)
  Household industries (5.19%)
  Other Workers (37.17%)

In Tarakeswar CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 19.55%, agricultural labourers 38.09%, household industry workers 5.19% and other workers 37.17%.[13]

Infrastructure

There are 89 inhabited villages in Tarakeswar CD Block. 100% villages have power supply. 41 villages have more than one source of drinking water (tap, well, tube well, hand pump), 7 villages have only tube well/ borewell and 36 villages have only hand pump. 8 Villages have post offices, 14 villages have sub post offices and 3 villages have post and telegraph offices. 63 villages have landlines, 58 villages have public call offices and 82 villages have mobile phone coverage. 46 villages have pucca roads and 29 villages have bus service (public/ private). 18 villages have agricultural credit societies, 8 villages have commercial/ co-operative banks and 1 village has bank ATM.[14]

Agriculture

This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages.[15] Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Though potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district Dhaniakhali, Arambagh, Goghat, Pursurah, Haripal, Polba-Dadpur, Tarakeswar, Pandua and Singur contributed much of its production of this district.[16]

The Tebhaga movement launched in 1946, in 24 Parganas district, aimed at securing for the share-croppers a better position within the existing land relation structure. Although the subsequent Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[17] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Tarakeswar CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 10.17%, patta (document) holders 4.73%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 8.24%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 35.20% and agricultural labourers 41.65%.[13] Some of the primary and other hats or markets in the Tarakeswar block area are located at: Baliguri, Champadanga, Santoshpur and Kararia.[18]

Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District
  • Zari Work on Sari - Pandua, Pursurah, Jangipara, Tarakeswar and other blocks - 3,000 families involved
  • Chikon Embroidery – Babnan, Pandua, Singur - 2,500 families involved
  • Silk and Cotton Printing – Serampore (Chanditala) - 300 families involved
  • Brass and Bell Metal – Manikpat, Goghat, Arambagh - 150 families involved
  • Conch Shell – Pandua, Khanakul, Makla, Chandannagar
  • Jute Diversified Product – Baidyabati, Mogra
  • Terracota – Chinsurah, Chandannagar, Baidyabati, Mogra

Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67

Tarakeswar CD Block had 95 fertiliser depots, 38 seed stores and 47 fair price shops in 2013-14.[13]

In 2013-14, Tarakeswar CD Block produced 81,189 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 27,792 hectares, 5,229 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 1,668 hectares, 58,340 of jute from 2,730 hectares, 81,573 tonnes of potatoes from 5,105 hectares. It also produced oilseeds .[13]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Tarakeswar CD Block was 11,828 hectares, out of which 7,125 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 1,780 hectares by tank water, 50 hectares by river lift irrigation, 480 hectares by deep tube wells and 2,393 hectares by shallow tube wells.[13]

Banking

In 2013-14, Tarakeswar CD Block had offices of 10 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[13]

Transport

Tarakeswar CD Block has 27 originating/ terminating bus routes.[13]

The broad gauge Sheoraphuli–Tarakeswar branch line was opened by the Tarkessur Railway Company on 1 January 1885 and was worked by East Indian Railway Company.[23][24]

The Tarakeswar-Bishnupur project was sanctioned in 1999-2000.[25] Eastern Railway gave out details of the project in 2003. The proposed fully electrified line was divided into three parts: Tarakeswar-Arambagh (26 km), Arambagh-Kodabari (16 km), and Kodabari-Bishnupur (44 km).[26]

It is part of Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

State Highway 2 (West Bengal), running from Bankura to Malancha (in North 24 Parganas district), and State Highway 15 (West Bengal), running from Dainhat (in Purba Bardhaman district) to Gadiara (in Howrah district), pass through this CD Block.[27]

Education

In 2013-14, Tarakeswar CD Block had 114 primary schools with 8,958 students, 10 middle schools with 737 students, 7 high schools with 3,491 students and 10 higher secondary schools with 12,692 students. Tarakeswar CD Block had 1 general college with 3,255 students and 291 institutions for special and non-formal education with 7,846 students[13]

Rabindra Mahavidyalaya, a general degree college, was established at Champadanga in 1971.[28]

In Tarakeswar CD Block, amongst the 89 inhabited villages, 2 villages had no school, 30 villages had more than 1 primary school, 66 villages had at least 1 primary school, 21 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 15 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[14]

Healthcare

In 2014, Tarakeswar CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 2 primary health centres and 3 private nursing homes with total 105 beds and 8 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 31 family welfare subcentres. 21,028 patients were treated indoor and 215,593 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[13]

Tarakeswar CD Block has Tarakeswar Rural Hospital (with 60 beds) at Tarakeswar, Duttapur Primary Health Centre (with 4 beds) and Talpur PHC (with 10 beds).[29]

Tarakeswar CD Block is one of the areas of Hooghly district where ground water is affected by low level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. In Hooghly district, 16 blocks have arsenic levels above WHO guidelines and 11 blocks above Indian standard value. The maximum concentration in Tarakeswar CD Block is 37 mg/litre.[30]

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Physigraphy, Page 17. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  2. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Map of Hooghly district with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Tarakeswar". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Hooghly district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  9. ^ "Tarakeswar". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  10. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Religion, Mother-tongue Pages 50-51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  11. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  12. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). Table 2.38: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Hooghly 2005, page 89. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.7, 17.2, 16.1, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  14. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Appendices to Village Directory, 2009, Pages 775-779. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  15. ^ "List of functioning Cold Storage of West Bengal District wise as on 18.01.07". West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  16. ^ "Intensive cropping with remarkable feature of Hooghly District". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  18. ^ "Primary Hats/Markets of District". Hooghly. West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  19. ^ "Howrah-Goghat Local 37371". India Rail Info.
  20. ^ "Adra Divisional Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  21. ^ "Kharagpur Divisional Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  22. ^ "SER Pink Book 2018-19" (PDF). Indian Railways.
  23. ^ "Administration Report on the Railways in India" 1884–85
  24. ^ "The Chronology of Railway development in Eastern Indian". railindia. Archived from the original on 2012-08-02. Retrieved 2011-11-17.
  25. ^ "Rail projects in jeopardy after Mamata quits UPA II". The Times of India. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  26. ^ "Eastern Railway plans new route". The Times of India. 15 July 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  27. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  28. ^ "Rabindra Mahavidyalaya". RM. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  29. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  30. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Hugli. SOES. Archived from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.