Tandospirone is most commonly used as a treatment for anxiety and depressive disorders, such as generalised anxiety disorder and dysthymia respectively. For both indications it usually takes a couple of weeks for therapeutic effects to begin to be seen, although at higher doses more rapid anxiolytic responses have been seen. It has also been used successfully as a treatment for bruxism.
Tandospirone has also been tried, successfully, as an adjunctive treatment for cognitive symptoms in schizophrenic individuals.
In February 2018, a study was conducted by researchers at the Queensland University of Technology and published in the journal Scientific Reports. Researchers found that tandospirone helped reverse brain deficits caused by chronic alcohol exposure in mice. The study was the first of its kind and brought interest in the drug for possible treatment of alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
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