Tamralipta, Tamolika, Tamralipti, Tamoluk
Bargabhima temple at Tamluk
|• Body||Tamluk Municipality|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|• Additional official||English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||WB 29-xxxx, WB 30-xxxx|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Tamluk|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Tamluk|
Tamluk (//) is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Purba Medinipur district. Though there is some controversy, scholars have generally agreed that present-day Tamluk is the site of the ancient city variously known as Tamralipta or Tamralipti. The present town is located on the banks of the Rupnarayan River close to the Bay of Bengal.
This ancient kingdom and port city was bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the south, Rupnarayan River in the east and Subarnarekha River in the west. The Rupnarayana is the joint flow of the rivers Dwarakeswar and Silai. The Bay of Bengal and these great rivers with their numerous branches created a prosperous and easy water navigational system fostering commerce, culture and early contacts with the people outside the region. At the same time, these rivers helped to develop the agriculture in this region.
Archaeological remains show continuous settlement from about the 3rd century BC. It was known as Tramralipta (in the Puranas and the Mahabharata), Tamralipta (in the Mahabharata), Tamalika (in historical documents), Tamalitti (in foreigners' descriptions), or Tamoluk (in the British Raj). It was a seaport, now buried under river silt. For this reason, Tamluk has many ponds and lakes remaining today.
In the Mahabharata (Bhishma Parba/Nabam Adhyay), while describing the names of the holiest rivers and kingdoms of India, Sanjay took the name of "Tramralipta" to Dhritarashtra.
Tamluk was also known as Bhivas, in religious texts, and Madhya Desh, as the Middle State of Utkal/Kalinga and Banga.
According to Jain sources, Tamralipti was the capital of the kingdom of Venga and was long known as a port.
|Cities and towns in Tamluk subdivision of Purba Medinipur district|
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
The people of Tamluk are primarily Bengali speaking. There are some lingering effects of successive migrations and invasions from both the west, east, and especially from northern India . Its history shows the complex combination of indigenous, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain and Hindu cultures, through trade, travel, and migration.
Unlike other parts of Bengal, Tamluk was always well connected with the Gangetic plains. In fact, there is evidence to suggest that the culture of Aryavarta influenced life in early Tamluk. The worship of Bheema is a sign of the socio-religious acceptance of Aryan culture in this area. Even in the recent past, Tamluk was divided into many areas based on caste and occupation, such as Malakar Para (flower traders), Adhikary Para (Brahmins), Metia Para in Nimtala (transport business and timber merchants), Dey Para (gold traders), and Mathore Para (sweeper's colony).
According to 2011 Indian Census, Tamluk had a total population of 65,306, of which 33,260 were males and 32,046 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 6,180. The total number of literates in Tamluk was 53,318, which constituted 81.6% of the population with male literacy of 85.0% and female literacy of 78.1%. The effective literacy rate of population (7 years and above) of Tamluk was 90.2%, of which male literacy rate was 94.0% and female literacy rate was 86.2%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 4,441 and 201 respectively. Tamluk had 14489 households in 2011.
As a seaport, Tamluk was once famous as a centre for trade.
Tamluk is mainly an agricultural area. About 60% of the land is under cultivation. Tamluk is one of the largest producers and exporters of paan (betel leaf). Fishing was an important occupation of the local residents.
Tamluk is well linked by road and rail. Tamluk is a major roadway junction with six bus-routes:
Tamluk also has a railway station.
There are many schools and colleges in Tamluk.
There is no university but Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) has a presence in the form of a Study Centre with Tarun Sangha Information & Documentation Centre (TASIDOC) as the host institution.
There is a district hospital in the town, named Tamluk District Hospital. There are available many private hospital or Nursing home namely- 1. MAS Clinic and Hospital 2. Vivekananda Nursing Home 3. Capital Clinic and Nursing Home 4. Nightingle Nursing Home 5. Seva Nursing Home 6. Park Clinic and Nursing Home 7. Mother Nursing Home 8. Sarada Nursing Home 9. Mamata Nursing Home 9. Sabitri Nursing Home 10. Saradamoyee Shishu Seva Sadan 11. Victoria Nursing Home 12. Monidipa Nursing Home 13. Tramtalipta Nursing Home 14. Shima Nursing Home 15. Genesis Health Point 16. RSV Hospital 17. Balaji Nursing Home 18. Sunayan Eye Hospital
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Tamluk.|