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Talish-Mugan culture

The Mughan culture or the Talish-Mugan culture is an archeological culture of the late Bronze Age and the early Iron Age epoch (end of the 2nd – beginning of the 1st millenniums B.C.) in the Mugan plain and the Talysh Mountains in northwest Iran and Southeast Azerbaijan.[1]


The characteristics of the Mughan culture are:

  1. Graves in stone boxes and in the graves.
  2. Graves can be single, clustered, joint – men and women buried together, with a rich and poor inventory.[2]
  3. Cattle-breeding, agriculture and maybe fishing were the main occupations.[3]
  4. Implements and weapons were made of bronze and iron.
  5. Weapons were bronze and iron swords with a bronze two-faucet hilt and bronze poniards with “framed handle” (of Western Asia type).[4]
  6. Pottery was made by hand. A basket-shaped “censer” and dishes in shape of teapots were distinguished.

Grave inventories reflect a decomposition process of ancestral relations and property differentiation among tribes of the given culture.



  • Пассек Т. и Латынин Б., Очерк до-истории Северного Азербайджана, "Известия Общества обследования и изучения Азербайджана", Баку, 1926, No 3;
  • Morgan J., Mission scientifique en Perse, t. 1, P., 1894.