Liuhe River & Haiyundi Romantic Street
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||823 km2 (318 sq mi)|
|• Land||649 km2 (251 sq mi)|
|• Water||174 km2 (67 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Literal meaning||Lake Tai granary city|
Taicang is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Suzhou, Jiangsu province. The city located in the south of the Yangtze River estuary opposite Nantong, being bordered by Shanghai proper to the south, while the river also delineates much of its northeastern boundary along Chongming Island.
Taicang as a place name supposedly to be mentioned in a memorial to the throne of hydrologist Jia Dan during the Song dynasty, "Where lies to the east of Kunshan nowadays", he wrote, "is called Taicang, also known as Gangshen".
Taicang is a natural port. Under the Yuan, the city reached its peak between 1271 and 1368. Under the Ming, Taicang's Liuhe Harbor was the departure point for Zheng He's treasure fleets. It was also during this period that the shoals in the Yangtze estuary which later became Chongming Island were placed under the supervision of Taicang Prefecture.
It was the venue for the 2014 IAAF World Race Walking Cup.
The Taicang port is in the east of the city, and south of the Yangtze exit into the East China Sea. The center of the Taicang port is on 31°37′00" North, 121°14′00" East. The port line stretches 24.3 miles (38.8 km), of which 15.6 miles can park 50 thousand ton vessels. Taicang is in a humid subtropical climate zone with distinctive seasons. The average year round temperature is 15.5 Celsius. Precipitation is around 1078.1 mm.