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TAAR6

TAAR6
Identifiers
AliasesTAAR6, TA4, TAR4, TAR6, TRAR4, taR-4, taR-6, trace amine associated receptor 6
External IDsOMIM: 608923 MGI: 2685074 HomoloGene: 27874 GeneCards: TAAR6
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 6 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 6 (human)[1]
Chromosome 6 (human)
Genomic location for TAAR6
Genomic location for TAAR6
Band6q23.2Start132,570,322 bp[1]
End132,571,359 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE TAAR6 gnf1h10296 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_175067

NM_001010828

RefSeq (protein)

NP_778237

NP_001010828

Location (UCSC)Chr 6: 132.57 – 132.57 MbChr 10: 23.98 – 23.99 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Trace amine associated receptor 6, also known as TAAR6, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the TAAR6 gene.[5][6]

Function

TAAR6 belongs to the trace amine-associated receptor family. Trace amines are endogenous amine compounds that are chemically similar to classic biogenic amines like dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and histamine. Trace amines were thought to be 'false transmitters' that displace classic biogenic amines from their storage and act on transporters in a fashion similar to the amphetamines, but the identification of brain receptors specific to trace amines indicates that they also have effects of their own.[7][8]

Computational modeling suggests TAAR6 can bind to the foul smelling compounds produced by rotting flesh, putrescine and cadaverine. [9]

References

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000146383 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000045111 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Borowsky B, Adham N, Jones KA, Raddatz R, Artymyshyn R, Ogozalek KL, et al. (July 2001). "Trace amines: identification of a family of mammalian G protein-coupled receptors". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 98 (16): 8966–71. doi:10.1073/pnas.151105198. PMC 55357. PMID 11459929.
  6. ^ Lindemann L, Ebeling M, Kratochwil NA, Bunzow JR, Grandy DK, Hoener MC (March 2005). "Trace amine-associated receptors form structurally and functionally distinct subfamilies of novel G protein-coupled receptors". Genomics. 85 (3): 372–85. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2004.11.010. PMID 15718104.
  7. ^ Duan J, Martinez M, Sanders AR, Hou C, Saitou N, Kitano T, et al. (October 2004). "Polymorphisms in the trace amine receptor 4 (TRAR4) gene on chromosome 6q23.2 are associated with susceptibility to schizophrenia". American Journal of Human Genetics. 75 (4): 624–38. doi:10.1086/424887. PMC 1182049. PMID 15329799.
  8. ^ "Entrez Gene: TAAR6 trace amine associated receptor 6".
  9. ^ Izquierdo C, Gómez-Tamayo JC, Nebel JC, Pardo L, Gonzalez A (January 2018). "Identifying human diamine sensors for death related putrescine and cadaverine molecules". PLoS Computational Biology. 14 (1): e1005945. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005945. PMC 5783396. PMID 29324768.

Further reading

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.