"Sweet Georgia Brown" is a jazz standard and pop tune composed in 1925 by Ben Bernie and Maceo Pinkard, with lyrics by Kenneth Casey.
Reportedly Ben Bernie came up with the concept for the song's lyrics – although he is not the accredited lyricist – after meeting Dr. George Thaddeus Brown in New York City: Dr. Brown, a longtime member of the State House of Representatives for Georgia, told Bernie about Dr. Brown's daughter Georgia Brown and how subsequent to the baby girl's birth on August 11, 1911 the Georgia General Assembly had issued a declaration that she was to be named Georgia after the state, an anecdote which would be directly referenced by the song's lyric: "Georgia claimed her – Georgia named her."
The tune was first recorded on March 19, 1925, by bandleader Ben Bernie, resulting in a five-week number one for Ben Bernie and his Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra.
One of the most popular versions of "Sweet Georgia Brown" was recorded in 1949 by Brother Bones and His Shadows and later adopted as the theme song of the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team in 1952.
- Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra, 1925
- California Ramblers, 1925
- Ethel Waters, 1925
- Cab Calloway, 1931
- Bing Crosby recorded the song on April 23, 1932 with Isham Jones and his Orchestra and it is assessed as reaching the No. 2 spot in the charts of the day.
- Coleman Hawkins with Benny Carter and Django Reinhardt, 1937
- Django Reinhardt, 1938
- Art Tatum, 1941
- Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, 1943
- The version used by the Globetrotters is a 1949 instrumental by Brother Bones and His Shadows with whistling and bones by Brother Bones. It was adopted as the Globetrotters theme in 1952.
- Bud Powell, 1950
- Red Norvo with Charles Mingus and Tal Farlow, 1950
- Anita O'Day, Jazz on a Summer's Day, 1958
- Carol Burnett, 1960
- The Beatles as a backup band for singer Tony Sheridan. The first version was recorded on May 24, 1962, in Hamburg, Germany, using the original lyrics and released in Germany. The second was released in 1964 during the wave of Beatlemania with Sheridan having re-recorded the vocals with tamer lyrics and the additional verse: "In Liverpool she even dares/to criticize the Beatles' hair/With their whole fan-club standing there/oh Sweet Georgia Brown."
- Nancy Sinatra, for the 1966 album Sugar
- Oscar Peterson, Niels-Henning Orsted Pedersen, and Ray Brown performed the song live at the Montreux Jazz Festival, 1977
- Oscar Peterson, Live at the Blue Note, 1990
- Denny Zeitlin, Slickrock, 2003
- Mel Brooks used a Polish version of the song in his 1983 movie To Be or Not to Be. It is performed by himself and his wife Anne Bancroft.
- Take 6's version on the 2008 album The Standard features both whistling and vocals.
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