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Sutagao people

Sculpture of a Sutagao standing at the entrance of Fusagasugá
Total population
85 (1760)
Regions with significant populations
Cundinamarca,  Colombia
Chibcha, Colombian Spanish
Traditional religion, Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Muisca, Guayupe, Panche
The Sumapaz Páramo, the largest páramo in the world, was home to the Sutagao
Topographical map of Cundinamarca.
The Sutagao lived in the south of the department, including the greyed out southern Bogotá area; Sumapaz
Saguamanchica, zipa of the Muisca, conquered the Sutagao around 1470 in the Battle of Pasca

The Sutagao are the Chibcha-speaking[1] indigenous people from the region of Fusagasugá, Bogotá savanna, Cundinamarca, Colombia. Knowledge about the Sutagao has been provided by scholar Lucas Fernández de Piedrahita.[2]


The name Sutagao is derived from the Chibcha words Su(t)á; "Sun" and gao; "son"; "Sons of the Sun".[1]

Municipalities belonging to Sutagao territories

The Sutagao was a relatively small indigenous group that lived between the Sumapaz Páramo and the Pasca River.

Name Department Altitude (m)
urban centre
Fusagasugá Cundinamarca 1756
Colombia - Cundinamarca - Fusagasugá.svg
Arbeláez Cundinamarca 1417
Colombia - Cundinamarca - Arbeláez.svg
Pandi Cundinamarca 1600
Colombia - Cundinamarca - Pandi.svg
San Bernardo Cundinamarca 1600
Colombia - Cundinamarca - San Bernardo.svg
Venecia Cundinamarca 1423
Colombia - Cundinamarca - Venecia.svg
Cabrera Cundinamarca 2560
Colombia - Cundinamarca - Cabrera.svg
Sumapaz Cundinamarca 3500
Distrito Capital de Bogotá - Sumapaz.svg


Before the Spanish conquest, the Sutagao were in conflict with the Muisca to the northeast. Zipa Saguamanchica conquered the Sutagao around 1470 when the cacique of the Sutagao lost the Battle of Pasca. Conquistador Hernán Pérez de Quesada, brother of Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada submitted the Sutagao to the new rule of the New Kingdom of Granada.[1]

The Sutagao inhabited the region until a new town was founded by Bernardino Albornoz between 5 and 13 February in 1592. During the visit of Miguel de Ibarra there were 759 indigenous people residing in Fusagasugá.
When Aróstequi arrived in February 1760, the indigenous population had dwindled to 85, and there were 644 new settlers divided among 109 families.

See also


  1. ^ a b c (in Spanish) Indios Sutagaos
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Los Sutagaos