Location of Suqian City (yellow) in Jiangsu
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Mayor||Wang Tianqi (王天琦)|
|• Prefecture-level city||8,555 km2 (3,303 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,730,000|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
223600, 223700, 223900
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JS-13|
|GDP||¥193.6 billion (2011)|
|GDP per capita||¥40,930 (2011)|
|License Plate Prefix||苏N|
Suqian (simplified Chinese: 宿迁; traditional Chinese: 宿遷; pinyin: Sùqiān, IPA: [sû.tɕʰjɛ́n]) is a prefecture-level city in northern Jiangsu Province, China. It borders Xuzhou to the northwest, Lianyungang to the northeast, Huai'an to the south, and the province of Anhui to the west.
Suqian was said to be the site of a military grain store built when the Emperor Yuan of Jin reigned. Thus, the former Xiaxiang county where the store located was renamed Suyu (宿預; means "prepared" or "usually prepared") in 405. Then the county was annexed by Xuzhou and renamed Suqian in 762 because the homophone "yu (豫)" as the given name of the Emperor Daizong of Tang was deemed to be ineffable. The county was put under the jurisdiction of Huaiyang military prefecture during the Song dynasty, then was transferred to Pizhou after Jurchen's Jin took it. The county was administered by Huai'an military prefecture during 1272–75, but restored as a part of Pizhou afterwards. It was annexed by Xuzhou again in 1733.
The area was rife with banditry during the early years of the Republic of China. In Autumn 1917, six persons were executed as bandits in Suqian. "They cut off their arms, broke their legs, cut off their ears, punched out their eyes, skinned them, then cut off their heads, and finally cut out their hearts." Suqian was put under the jurisdiction of Huaiyin in 1934. The county was converted as a county-level city in 1987, later was elevated to prefecture status in 1996.
Suqian possesses the most of Luoma Lake, which is a major lake in the Huai River valley.
By the end of 2016, Suqian had a recorded population of about 5.92 million and a resident population of about 4.88 million.
Yanghe Station, known as Suqian Station on Suqian–Huai'an Railway is located in the south outskirt of Suqian.
Suqian College is the single institution in Suqian providing bachelor's degree education.
|Subdivision||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|Sucheng District||宿城区||Sùchéng Qū||796,627||854||932.81|
|Suyu District||宿豫区||Sùyù Qū||641,059||1,254||511.21|
|Shuyang County||沭阳县||Shùyáng Xiàn||1,538,054||2,298||669.30|
|Siyang County||泗阳县||Sìyáng Xiàn||830,502||1,418||585.68|
|Sihong County||泗洪县||Sìhóng Xiàn||909,311||2,731||332.95|