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Supreme Court of Poland

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Poland
The Supreme Court building, Warsaw

The Supreme Court (Polish: Sąd Najwyższy) of the Republic of Poland supervises the adjudication in:

  • General courts - these are district, regional, and appeal courts. They adjudicate in the areas of civil, criminal, family and labour law.
  • Military courts - that is circuit and garrison courts. They deal with matters relating to crimes committed by soldiers in active service, civilian employees in military units, and prisoners of war.

The Supreme Court is the court of last resort of appeal against judgements in the lower courts. It also passes resolutions to clarify specific legal provisions and resolve disputable questions in specific cases. These however are not (at least technically) legally binding. It is located in Warsaw.

The President of the Republic of Poland appoints Supreme Court judges for an indefinite period. This is done upon a motion of the National Judicial Council. The President also selects the First President of the court from candidates presented by the General Assembly of the Supreme Court. The First President holds office for a six-year term, though he or she may be dismissed by the Sejm upon a motion by the President of the Republic of Poland. As of 2017, the First President of the Supreme Court is Małgorzata Gersdorf.[1]

List of First Presidents of the Supreme Court

  • Stanisław Pomian-Srzednicki (September 1, 1917 - February 28, 1922)
  • Franciszek Nowodworski (March 1, 1922 - August 3, 1924)
  • Władysław Seyd (September 22, 1924 - January 17, 1929)
  • Leon Supiński (January 17, 1929 - September 1, 1939)
  • Wacław Barcikowski (January 26, 1945 - November 12, 1956)
  • Jan Wasilkowski (December 12, 1956 - May 22, 1967)
  • Zbigniew Resich (23 May 1967 - January 21, 1972)
  • Jerzy Bafia (January 21, 1972 - April 1, 1976)
  • Włodzimierz Berutowicz (April 1, 1976 - May 14, 1987)
  • Adam Łopatka (May 14, 1987 - June 30, 1990)
  • Adam Strzembosz (1 July 1990 - 17 October 1998)
  • Lech Gardocki (17 October 1998 - 18 October 2010) [3]
  • Stanisław Dąbrowski (19 October 2010 - 9 January 2014)
  • Lech Krzysztof Paprzycki (January 9, 2014 - April 30, 2014, acting)
  • Małgorzata Gersdorf (April 30, 2014 - )

See also

References

  1. ^ [www.sn.pl].  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links