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Suleyman Rahimov

Suleyman Rahimov
Suleyman Rahimov
Suleyman Rahimov
Native name
Süleyman Rəhimov
BornSuleyman Huseyn oglu Rahimov
(1900-04-04)4 April 1900
Eyin, Zangezursky Uyezd, Elisabethpol Governorate, Russian Empire
Died11 October 1983(1983-10-11) (aged 83)
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, USSR
Resting placeAlley of Honor
Pen name"Sangarli" (Azerbaijani: Səngərli, 1940s)
OccupationWriter, politician
LanguageAzerbaijani
NationalityAzerbaijani
EducationAzerbaijan State University
GenresProse, opinion journalism
Notable worksShamo
Sachly
The Caucasian Eagle
Notable awards"Golden pen" award
Order of Lenin (1946, 1970, 1975)
Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1959)
Order of the Badge of Honour (1942)
Order of Friendship of Peoples (1980)
Years active1930–1983
ChildrenOgtay, Shamo, Arif, Agil, Shafiga, Rafiga

Suleyman Huseyn oglu Rahimov (Azerbaijani: Süleyman Rəhimov; 4 April 1900 – 11 October 1983) was an Azerbaijani-Soviet writer, novelist, prosaist and politician. He was member and chairman of the Union of Azerbaijani Writers. Suleyman Rahimov was a prominent representative of the modern Azerbaijani literature. His creativity is closely linked to a great development period of the Azerbaijani prose. Rahimov's novels are among the noteworthy works of this genre. These novels are characteristic of covering epochal incidents, such as emotionalism, realism, psychology, and craftsmanship from the local folklore.[1]

The birth and development of the new Azerbaijani novelty in the 1930s was closely linked to the writer's creativity. Rahimov started his writing career with a novel that remained the main genre of his prose during his creative activity. Shamo (Şamo) and Sachly (Saçlı) are his most notable works in this regard. In these novels, Rahimov described his characters via the great social events and conflicts of the era, and demonstrated their human qualities. He is also the author of many novelettes and stories that possess romantic and satirical nature.[2]

Life

Early years

Suleyman Rahimov was born in Eyin in the Elisabethpol Governorate of the Russian Empire, which is now in Gubadly District of Azerbaijan[a] on 4 April 1900. According to his memoir Road of life (Həyat yolu), Rahimov was born in a farmer family. He was raised by his father's uncle, Allahverdi. He received education in Allahverdi's Mullah house, but was sent to a Russian school in Gubadly on 1912. When he was 16, Armenian forces occupied Rahimov's birthplace and his family became a refugee. They settled in Gubadly, Kaziyan, Saryl, Aghaly and other nearby settlements. During this time, he lost his mother and two sisters.[3] On 1921 Rahimov went to Khanlig (now de facto called Ishkhanadzor) and worked there as a teacher in a newly opened school. After receiving pedagogical classes in Shusha he worked as a teacher in multiple schools across Zangezursky Uyezd.[4] On 1928 Rahimov and his friend Ali Valiyev went to Baku and studied at the History faculty of Azerbaijan State University for three years. He then gave literacy lessons to old workers in Black City.[5]

Writing career

As nearly every survivor of the Great Purge, Rahimov expressed communist ideas on his works. Suleyman Rahimov started his writing career on 1931, with Shamo (Şamo),[6] which he kept working on until 1978 and released 5 volumes. The series cover numerous events, characters through artistic imagery. There is no such series in the Azerbaijani literature.[5] Shamo has a complex artistic environment. Artistic genius has a spontaneous importance in the novel, largely dependent on the forms of reality that take place directly in the writer's imagination. That is why, in the novel, the artistic principles of socialist realism are essentially intertwined with the writer's imagination.[7] The characteristics and lifestyle of the Shehli village described in Shamo was patriarchal. Rahimov expressed the issues that other Azerbaijani writers of that time, such as Najaf bey Vazirov, Abdurrahim bey Hagverdiyev, Nariman Narimanov and Jalil Mammadguluzadeh did.[8]

During World War Rahimov joined a Soviet unit and moved to Tabriz, Iranian Azerbaijan. During this time he wrote under the pen-name of "Sangarli" (Azerbaijani: Səngərli, lit. with trench). Rahimov wrote a novelette called Death of grandmother (Nənənin ölümü), describing life of children in Tabriz. Suleyman Rahimov became the chairman of the Union of Azerbaijani Writers multiple times (1939–1940, 1944–1946 and 1954–1958).[1]

Political career

Suleyman Rahimov was a communist. From 1934 to 1937 he worked in political professions in Lachin, Samukh, Shahbuz and Norashen districts. Rahimov then worked as Secretary of Propaganda at the Baku City Committee of Communist Party of Azerbaijan (1940–1941), Deputy Head of the Propaganda and Agitation Department at the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan (1941–1944), Chairman of the Cultural and Educational Affairs Committee under the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan (1945–1958).[9]

Awards

He was awarded with "Golden pen" award of the Union of Azerbaijani Journalists on 1972, three times with Order of Lenin on 1946, 1970 and 1975 respectively, once with Order of the Red Banner of Labour on 1959, once with Order of the Badge of Honour on 1942 and once with Order of Friendship of Peoples on 1980.[10] In 1960 he received the title of People's Writer, and in 1975 he received the honorary title of Hero of Socialist Labour.[11]

Death and legacy

Suleyman Rahimov died on 11 October 1983. He was buried in Alley of Honor.[12]

Suleyman Rahimov is considered one of the most prominent 20th century Azerbaijani writers. There is a bust of Rahimov in Mirza Fatali Akhundov National Library of Azerbaijan. There is also a street named after him in Baku. A bust-relief of Rahimov was erected in front of his house in Baku.[3]

Works

Novels

  • Shamo (Şamo; vol. 1–5, 1931–1978)
  • Sachly (Saçlı; 1940–1948)
  • In the mountains of Aghbulag (Ağbulaq dağlarında; 1955–1956)
  • Monument of mother (Ana abidəsi; 1961–1967)
  • The Caucasian Eagle (Qafqaz qartalı; vol. 1–3, 1971–1975)

Novellettas

  • Voice of the Earth (1941)
  • Aynaly (Aynalı; 1942)
  • Medallion (Medalyon; 1942)
  • Brother's grave (Qardaş qəbri; 1943)
  • Death of grandmother (Nənənin ölümü; 1940s)
  • Mehman (1944)
  • Wish (Arzu; 1947)
  • Cousin (Xalauşağı; 1944)
  • Legend of the Gyuzgyugol (Güzgügöl əfsanəsi; 1960s)
  • Relentless neighing (Kəsilməyən kişnərti; 1960s)
  • Foremost eagle and raven (Baş qartal və alaqarğa; 1960s)
  • Bahram and Zarafshan (Bəhram və Zərəfşan; 1962)
  • To one's own solicit (Öz minnətinə; 1967–68)
  • Kapaz (Kəpəz; 1969–70)
  • Laughed (Uğundu; 1965)
  • In the girls' residence (Qızlar oylağında; 1972–74)

Stories

  • Mahtaban (Məhtaban; ???)
  • Gudrat Gudratov (Qüdrət Qüdrətov; 1942)
  • Towel with rooster (Xoruzlu dəsma; 1942)
  • Water application (Su ərizəsi; 1942)
  • Bashful guest (Üzsüz qonaq; 1943),
  • Hag (Küp qarısı; 1943)
  • Conscientious (Malyeməz; 1944)
  • Envious person (Paxıl adam; 1944)
  • Bread without solicit (Minnətsiz çörək; 1945),
  • Rock of the bride (Gəlin qayası; 1945),
  • Khahish-nameh (Xahişnamə; 1945)
  • Village of Mozalan (Mozalan kəndi; 1945)
  • Step (Ögey; 1945)
  • Gravel of the nymph (Pəri çınqılı; 1959)
  • Laughing fish (Gülən balıq; 1964)

Other

  • From the book of the last days (Ötən günlər dəftərindən; 1946; memoir)
  • Road of life (Həyat yolu; ???; memoir)

Notes

  1. ^ The Gubadly District was occupied by Armenian forces on 13 August 1993 during the Nagorno-Karabakh War (1988–1994). It has been de facto controlled by the forces of the Republic of Artsakh as part of its Kashatagh Province.

References

  1. ^ a b Gulaliyev I 2005, p. 5.
  2. ^ Gulaliyev I 2005, p. 6.
  3. ^ a b "Ən böyük abidə əsərləridir". anl.az. ANL. Archived from the original on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  4. ^ Shakhverdiyev, Alamdar. Азербайджанские курды (PDF) (in Russian). İRS Heritage. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b სულეიმან ჰუსეინ-ოღლუ რაჰიმოვი. Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia (8th ed.). Tbilisi. 1984. p. 315.
  6. ^ Gulaliyev I 2005, p. 2.
  7. ^ "Qələbə". Ədəbiyyat (newspaper). 10 May 1945. Şamo" üzərində işlədiyim zaman həyat ilə xəyalı qarışdırdığım vaxtlar olurdu. Gülməli də olsa, hətta bəzən ətrafdakı adamlarınmı həqiqət olduğunu, ya "Şamo"dakı aləminmi həqiqət olduğunu mən dolaşdırırdım, hansı xəyaldır, hansı həqiqət?
  8. ^ Ibrahimov, Mirza (1947). Həyat və ədəbiyyat. Bakı: Azərnəşr.
  9. ^ "Qarabağın görkəmli şəxsiyyətləri:Süleyman Rəhimov (1900–1983)". virtualkarabakh.az (in Azerbaijani). Official site of "Virtual Qarabağ" ICT Center. 2013. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  10. ^ Leonid Brezhnev; M. Georgadze. "Yazıçı S.H.Rəhimovun Xalqlar dostluğu ordeni ilə təltif edilməsi haqqında SSRİ Ali Soveti Rəyasət Heyətinin 21 may 1980-ci il tarixli Fərmanı" [Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 21 May 1980 on awarding the writer S. H. Rahimov with the Order of Friendship of Peoples]. Act of 21 May 1980 (PDF). Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (in Azerbaijani). Kremlin, Moscow: anl.az. p. 142. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  11. ^ Karatayev, Mohamed Khan K. Сулейман Рагимов Гусейн оғлы. Kazakh Soviet Encyclopedia (9th ed.).
  12. ^ "Рагимов Сулейман Гусейн оглы". dic.academic.ru (in Russian). Academic. Archived from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.

Sources