Sucheta Kriplani

Sucheta Kriplani
Sucheta Kriplani.jpg
Sucheta Kriplani
4th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
2 October 1963 – 13 March 1967
Preceded by Chandra Bhanu Gupta
Succeeded by Chandra Bhanu Gupta
Personal details
Born 25 June 1908
Ambala, Punjab, British India
Died 1 December 1974 (aged 66)
Political party INC
Spouse(s) Acharya Kriplani

Sucheta Kriplani (Bengali: সুচেতা কৃপলানী, Hindi: सुचेता कृपलानी) (25 June 1908[1] – 1 December 1974[2][3]), born Sucheta Mazumdar, was an Indian freedom fighter and politician in Uttar Pradesh, India. She became the first woman to be elected Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and in an Indian state.

Early life

She was born in Ambala, Haryana to a Bengali family. 25 June 1908 – 1 December 1974. She became the first woman to be elected Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and in an Indian state. Educated at Indraprastha College[4] and Panjab University, she became a Professor of Constitutional History at Banaras Hindu University.[5] In 1936, she married socialist, Acharya Kriplani and became involved with the Indian National Congress.

Freedom Movement and Independence

She participated in Indian independence movement. She later worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi during the Partition riots. She was elected to the Constituent Assembly and was part of the subcommittee that drafted the Indian Constitution. She became a part of the subcommittee that was handed over the task of laying down the charter for the constitution of India. On 15 August 1947 she sang Vande Mataram in the Constituent Assembly. She was also the founder of All India Mahilla Congress, established in 1940.

Post Independence

After independence she involved with politics in Uttar Pradesh. She was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and 1957 from New Delhi constituency[6] and served as a Minister of State for Small Scale Industries. In 1962, she was elected to the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha from Kanpur and served in the Cabinet in 1962. In 1963, she became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the first woman to hold that position in any Indian state. The highlight of her tenure was the firm handling of a state employees strike. The first-ever strike by the state employees which continued for 62 days took place during her regime. She relented only when the employees' leaders agreed for compromise. Kriplani kept her reputation as a firm administrator by refusing their demand for pay hike. In 1967, she was elected to the 4th Lok Sabha from Gonda constituency in Uttar Pradesh.[7]

She retired from politics in 1971 and remained in seclusion till her death in 1974.


Political offices
Preceded by
Chandra Bhanu Gupta
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
2 October 1963 – 13 March 1967
Succeeded by
Chandra Bhanu Gupta