This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Substation 401

Substation #401
Brooklyn sub-station 2.JPG
Main entrance
Substation 401 is located in New York City
Substation 401
Location3046 Fulton St. bet. Essex St. and Shepherd Ave., Brooklyn, New York
Coordinates40°40′49″N 73°52′57.5″W / 40.68028°N 73.882639°W / 40.68028; -73.882639
Arealess than one acre
ArchitectMurray, Thomas E.
Architectural styleBeaux Arts
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference #05000680 [1]
Added to NRHPJuly 6, 2005

Substation #401, also called the "Essex Sub-station" is a historic New York City Subway electrical substation.

Under the elevated tracks

This facility is located on the south side of Fulton Street, between Essex Street and Shepherd Avenue, in the Cypress Hills neighborhood of the borough of Brooklyn. It sits adjacent to the BMT Jamaica Line between the Cleveland Street and Norwood Avenue stations.

It was built in 1901 by the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company for the Cypress Hills extension of the BMT Lexington Avenue Line, and is a Beaux Arts style structure.[2] Through a series of acquisitions, it was passed over to the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation, then the New York City Board of Transportation, the New York City Transit Authority, and finally the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), where it remains to this day.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.[1]


Media related to Substation 401 (Essex Sub-Station) at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ unknown. "National Register of Historic Places Registration:Substation #401". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved March 2, 2011. See also: "Accompanying nine photos".