|(400,000 cited 1978–2011)|
The Subanen language (also Subanon and Subanun) is an Austronesian language belonging to the Greater Central Philippine languages. It is typically considered by linguists as a dialect cluster more than a monolithic language. Subanon is spoken in various areas of Zamboanga Peninsula namely the provinces of Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur, and in Misamis Occidental of Northern Mindanao. There is also a sizeable Subanon community in Misamis Oriental. Most go by the name of Subanen, Subanon or Subanun, while those who adhere to Islam refer to themselves as Kalibugan.
Jason Lobel (2013:308) classifies the Subanen varieties as follows.
Lobel (2013:308) lists the following innovations among each of the following subgroups.
Proto-Subanen is also notable for having completely lost Proto-Greater Central Philippine *h.
Lobel (2013) also provides a reconstruction of Proto-Subanen.
Western Subanon has 15 native consonants. There is no phonemic contrast between velar and uvular consonants.
Western Subanon has 5 vowels.
The diphthongs of Western Subanon are /au/, /ua/, /io/, /oi/, /ai/, and /ia/.
The chorus of the Western Subanon song Momula ita 'Let’s plant' is shown.
Gumani ita We will harvest (or, Let’s harvest) Gumani ita We will harvest Landu’ da’da’an ta Great is our rejoicing Po’ gumani ita Because we will harvest Gumani ita We will harvest Gumani ita We will harvest Di’ na mobon sinsaan ta Our suffering will not last long Gumani ita We will harvest
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