3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||125.62 g/mol|
|Melting point||1,477 °C (2,691 °F; 1,750 K)|
|Boiling point||2,460 °C (4,460 °F; 2,730 K)|
|0.039 g/100 mL|
Refractive index (nD)
|1.439 @0.58 µm|
|cubic crystal system, cF12|
|Sr, 8, cubic|
F, 4, tetrahedral
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Strontium fluoride, SrF2, also called strontium difluoride and strontium(II) fluoride, is a fluoride of strontium. It is a stable brittle white crystalline solid with melting point of 1477 °C and boiling point 2460 °C. It appears as the mineral strontiofluorite.
The solid adopts the fluorite structure. In the vapour phase the SrF2 molecule is non-linear with an F−Sr−F angle of approximately 120°. This is an exception to VSEPR theory which would predict a linear structure. Ab initio calculations have been cited to propose that contributions from d orbitals in the shell below the valence shell are responsible. Another proposal is that polarization of the electron core of the strontium atom creates an approximately tetrahedral distribution of charge that interacts with the Sr−F bonds.
It irritates eyes and skin, and is harmful when inhaled or ingested.
Similar to CaF2 and BaF2, SrF2 displays superionic conductivity at elevated temperatures.