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Strela (rocket)

Strela
Strela rocket.png
The Strela carrier rocket
FunctionOrbital carrier rocket
ManufacturerNPO Mashinostroyeniya, JSC "Khartron", Ukraine (control system)[1]
Country of originRussia
Size
Height28.3 metres (93 ft)[2]
Diameter2.5 metres (8.2 ft)[2]
Mass105,000 kilograms (231,000 lb)[3]
Stages2
Capacity
Payload to LEO2,000 kilograms (4,400 lb)[3]
Associated rockets
FamilyUniversal Rocket
Launch history
StatusActive
Launch sitesBaikonur Cosmodrome
Total launches3
Successes3
First flight5 December 2003
First stage
Diameter2.5 m (8.2 ft)[4]
Engines3 RD-0233 (15D95)
1 RD-0234(15D96)[5][6]
Thrust2,080 kN (470,000 lbf)[7][8]
Specific impulse310s[7]
Burn time120 seconds
FuelN2O4 / UDMH
Second stage
Diameter2.5 m (8.2 ft)[4]
Engines1 RD-0235 (15D113)
1 RD-0236 (15D114)[5][6]
Thrust255.76 kN (57,500 lbf)[9][10]
Specific impulse310s[9]
Burn time180 seconds
FuelN2O4 / UDMH
Third stage – APB (Agregatno-Priborny Otsek)[2]
Engines1 RD-0237[11]
Thrust4.90 kilonewtons (1,100 lbf)[11]
Specific impulse200 s sec[11]
FuelN2O4 / UDMH
External images
Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014
Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014
Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014

Strela (Russian: Стрела, arrow) is a Russian orbital carrier rocket, derived from the Soviet/Russian UR-100NU missile. It conducted its maiden test launch on 5 December 2003, carried its first functional payload on 27 June 2013,[12] and a second one on 19 December 2014.[13]

Strela was originally planned to be launched from the Svobodny Cosmodrome, with test launches being conducted from existing UR-100 silos at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Svobodny was closed in 2007, without seeing any Strela launches. It is unclear whether a Strela launch complex will be incorporated into the Vostochny Cosmodrome, which is being built on the site of Svobodny.

Strela differs from the Rockot, which is also derived from the UR-100, in that it has undergone fewer modifications, such as the absence of an additional Briz-KM upper stage, as used on the Rockot. However it is equipped with a repurposed APB as upper stage, which was designed to deliver nuclear warheads. It is also launched from silos, whereas the Rockot is launched from flat pads.

Launch table

Date (UTC) Type Launch site Payload Payload type Notes
5 December 2003, 06:00 Strela Ba LC175 Gruzomaket test launch Success
27 June 2013, 16:53 Strela Ba LC175 Kondor research satellite success
19 December 2014, 04:43 Strela Ba LC175 Kondor-E research satellite success

See also

References

  1. ^ "Control systems for intercontinental ballistic missiles and launch vehicles". JSC "Khartron". Archived from the original on 2010-02-05.
  2. ^ a b c Zak, Anatoly. "Strela launcher". RussianSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  3. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "Strela". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
  4. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly. "UR-100N Family". RussianSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  5. ^ a b "RD-0233, RD-0234, RD-0235, RD-0236, RD-0237. Intercontinental ballistic missiles RS-18". KBKhA. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  6. ^ a b "Rockot Launch Vehicle". Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  7. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "RD-0233". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  8. ^ Wade, Mark. "RD-0234". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  9. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "RD-0235". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  10. ^ Wade, Mark. "RD-0236". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  11. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "RD-0237". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  12. ^ Graham, William. "Russian Strela rocket launches Kondor satellite". NasaSpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  13. ^ Graham, William. "Russian Strela rocket launches Kondor-E". NasaSpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 19 December 2014.