Steven Holl in 2008
|Alma mater||University of Washington|
Architectural Association School of Architecture
|Awards||Alvar Aalto Medal (1998) |
BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2008)
AIA Gold Medal (2012)
Praemium Imperiale (2014)
The Daylight and Building Component Award (2016)
|Practice||Steven Holl Architects|
|Buildings||Kiasma Contemporary Art Museum, Helsinki, Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Linked Hybrid, Beijing, Knut Hamsun Center, Hamarøy, Norway|
Steven Holl (born December 9, 1947) is a New York-based American architect and watercolorist. Among his most recognized works are designs for the 2003 Simmons Hall at MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the 2007 Bloch Building addition to the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, Missouri, and the 2009 Linked Hybrid mixed-use complex in Beijing, China. Holl is not a recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize.
Holl was born on December 9, 1947 and grew up in Bremerton and Manchester, Washington. Holl graduated from the University of Washington and pursued architecture studies in Rome in 1970. In 1976, he attended graduate school at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London and established his offices in New York City. For ten years after moving to New York, Holl slept in his office on a plywood shelf above the entry, showering at the nearby YMCA. Steven Holl leads his 40-person office with partners Chris McVoy, Noah Yaffe, and Roberto Bannura. Holl has taught at Columbia University since 1981. He is married to the architect Dimitra Tsachrelia and they have one daughter.
Holl's architecture has undergone a shift in emphasis, from his earlier concern with Typology to his more modern style of Phenomenology. He has been inspired and influenced by philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty and architect-theorist Juhani Pallasmaa.
In 1998 Holl was awarded the prestigious Alvar Aalto Medal. In 2000, Holl was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In July 2001, Time named Holl America’s Best Architect, for "buildings that satisfy the spirit as well as the eye." Other awards and distinctions include the best architectural design in New York for The Pace Collection showroom in 1986 from the American Institute of Architects, the New York American Institute of Architects Medal of Honor (1997), the French Grande Médaille d’Or (2001), the Smithsonian Institution’s Cooper-Hewitt National Design Award in Architecture (2002), Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (2003), the Arnold W. Brunner Prize in Architecture from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and the 2008 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Arts category. In 2007, Steven Holl Architects received the AIA Institute Honor Award and the AIA New York Chapter Architecture Merit Award for Art Building West for the School of Art and Art History (University of Iowa, Iowa City). The Higgins Hall Insertion at Pratt Institute (Brooklyn, New York) and the New Residence at the Swiss Embassy both received the AIA New York Chapter Architecture Honor Award in 2007. In 2010, Herning Museum of Contemporary Art, (Herning, Denmark) was awarded the RIBA International Award. The Horizontal Skyscraper-Vanke Center received the 2011 AIA Institute National Honor Award, as well as the AIA NY Honor Award. In 2011, he was named a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council., and Holl was named the 2012 AIA Gold Medal winner. In 2014, Holl was awarded the Praemium Imperiale Prize for Architecture. In 2016, Holl was named the 2016 laureate for The Daylight and Building Component Award for Daylight in Architecture.
In 2010, Holl founded 'T' Space, a multidisciplinary arts organization in Rhinebeck, New York. The core aim of 'T' Space is to create educational fusions of art, architecture, music, and poetry of the 21st century. The organization operates a summer exhibition series and an emerging architects summer residency in pursuit of their mission.
The 'T' Space Synthesis of the Arts Series explores the intersection of art, architecture, and ecology through 2 to 3 exhibitions of work by emerging and established artists and architects. As of its 2019 season, 'T' Space has exhibited architects José Oubrerie, Tatiana Bilbao, and Neil Denari, as well as artists such as Ai Weiwei, Pat Steir, and Brice Marden.
In 2017, 'T' Space began offering a summertime residency program for young architects and artists. Program participants design purpose-built architecture for rural communities, with curriculum emphasizing the ecological outcomes of design. During project development, the residents participate in pin-ups, field trips, and a public lecture series, from architects including Christian Wassmann, Christoph Kumpusch, Tamas Nagy, and Holl himself.
In addition to its arts and educational programming, 'T' Space maintains a publication program and a 30-acre nature reserve with outdoor installations of art and architecture. In 2019, construction was completed on 'T' Space's architectural archive and research library, which will come to house Holl's work as a watercolorist, as well as models, drawings and other architectural materials developed in Holl's 40-plus years as principal of Steven Holl Architects.
Holl won first prize in the Amerika-Gedenkbibliothek International Library Design Competition in 1988, an expansion and renovation of the American Memorial Library in Berlin. In February, 1989 Holl's work was exhibited in a solo show at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City. MoMA later purchased twenty-five works by Holl for the museum's permanent collection. In the 1992 competition for a new contemporary arts museum in Helsinki, Finland, Holl's entry, entitled "Chiasma," won first prize out of more than five hundred international entries. The museum opened to the public in 1998, having permanently adopted the name "Kiasma," the Finnish translitteration of "chiasma."
In designing the Chapel of St. Ignatius (built 1994-1997), Jesuit chapel at Seattle University, Holl addressed the campus's need for green space by siting the chapel in the center of a former street and elongating the building plan. New green campus quadrangles were formed to the north, west, and south, and a future quadrangle is planned to the east. The plan of the chapel won a design award in the American Institute of Architects of New York. Holl designed the Chapel around St. Ignatius's vision of the inner spiritual life, "seven bottles of light in a stone box", by creating seven volumes of different light. Each volume represents a different part of Jesuit Catholic worship, and has differently colored glass so that various parts of the building are marked out by colored light. Light sources are tinted both in this way and by indirect reflection from painted surfaces, and each is paired with its complementary color.
|Hybrid Building||Seaside, Florida||1988|
|Void Space Housing, Nexus World||Fukuoka, Japan||1991|
|Stretto House||Dallas, Texas||1992|
|Storefront for Art and Architecture||New York City||1993|
|Chapel of St. Ignatius at Seattle University||Seattle, Washington||1997|
|Cranbrook Institute of Science||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||1998|
|Kiasma, Museum of Contemporary Art||Helsinki, Finland||1998|
|Sarphatistraat Offices||Amsterdam, Netherlands||2000|
|Bellevue Arts Museum||Bellevue, Washington||2001|
|Ralph Rapson Hall, College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, University of Minnesota||Minneapolis, Minnesota||2002|
|Simmons Hall, Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Cambridge, Massachusetts||2002|
|Pratt Institute Higgins Hall Insertion||Brooklyn, New York||2005|
|Lake Whitney Water Purification Facility and Park||New Haven, Connecticut||2005|
|Turbulence House||New Mexico||2005|
|Planar House||Paradise Valley, Arizona||2005|
|University of Iowa School of Art and Art History||Iowa City, Iowa||2006|
|Residence of the Ambassador of Switzerland||Washington, DC||2006|
|Bloch Building expansion of the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art||Kansas City, Missouri||2007|
|Linked Hybrid||Beijing, China||2009|
|Knut Hamsun Centre (Hamsunsenteret)||Nordland, Norway||2009|
|Herning Museum of Contemporary Art||Herning, Denmark||2009|
|Horizontal Skyscraper - Vanke Center||Shenzhen, China||2009|
|Cite de l'Ocean et du Surf, in collaboration with Solange Fabiao||Biarritz, France||2011|
|Daeyang Gallery and House||Seoul, South Korea||2012|
|Sliced Porosity Block - CapitaLand Raffles City Chengdu||Chengdu, China||2012|
|Sifang Art Museum||Nanjing, China||2013|
|Campbell Sports Center at Columbia University||New York, New York||2013|
|Seona Reid Building||Glasgow School of Art||2014|
|University of Iowa Visual Arts Building||Iowa City, Iowa||2016|
|Princeton University Lewis Center for the Arts||Princeton, New Jersey||2017|
|Maggie's Centres Barts||London, United Kingdom||2017|
|Institute for Contemporary Art at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU)||Richmond, Virginia||2018|
|Museum of Fine Arts, Houston Glassell School of Art||Houston, Texas||2018|
|John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, The REACH addition||Washington, DC||2019|
|Hunters Point Community Library||Queens, NY||2019|
|Institute for Advanced Study Rubenstein Commons||Princeton, New Jersey||2020 (in construction)|
|Franklin & Marshall College Winter Visual Arts Center||Lancaster, Pennsylvania||2020 (in construction)|
|ChinPaoSan Necropolis||Taipei, Taiwan||2020 (in construction)|
|Museum of Fine Arts, Houston Nancy and Rich Kinder Building||Houston, Texas||2020 (in construction)|
Along with Pallasmaa and Alberto Perez-Gomez, Holl wrote essays for a 1994 special issue of the Japanese architectural journal A+U under the title "Questions of Perception: Phenomenology of Architecture." The publication was reissued as a book in 2006.
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