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Stephen Blucke

Stephen Blucke Signature, Nova Scotia
Stephen Blucke
Bornc. 1752
Diedc. 1795 (aged 43)
Occupationsoldier, colonizer, teacher
Years active1777–1783
TitleColonel
Spouse(s)Margaret Coventry
ChildrenIsabel Gibbons
Military career
Allegiance Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Years of service1775–1783
RankColonel (honorary rank)
Commands heldBlack Company of Pioneers (1777-1780) and Black Brigade (1780-1783)
Battles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War

Stephen Blucke (born c. 1752) was a Black Loyalist, in the American Revolutionary War, and one the commanding officer, of the British Loyalist provincial unit, the Black Company of Pioneers.[1]The "Black Pioneers" were a Black Loyalist company, of soldiers, who worked labor detail, for the British Army. He has been referred to as "the true founder of the Afro-Nova Scotian community".[2]

Career

During the American Revolution, Black Loyalist and guerrilla leader Colonel Tye died in 1780 and Stephen Blucke was given the honorary rank of "Colonel" and took command, of another Black Loyalist unit, a group of military associators, known as the infamous "Black Brigade", until the end of the war.[3]

Like, many exiled, Black Loyalists, he came to the Maritimes, in British Canada, after the war and settled in Birchtown, Nova Scotia, in 1783[4] and became a teacher and taught at one of the Bray Schools.[5]

Death

See also

References

  1. ^ Brown, Wallace (1969). The good Americans: the loyalists in the American Revolution. William Morrow and Company. p. 203.
  2. ^ Barry Cahill. Stephen Blucke: The Perils of Being a "White Negro" in Loyalist Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Historical Review. 1999. No.1, p. 129
  3. ^ Jonathan D. Sutherland, African Americans at War, ABC-CLIO, 2003, pp. 420–421, accessed 4 May 2010
  4. ^ Clarkson, John (1971). Clarkson's mission to America 1791–1792. Public Archives of Nova Scotia. p. 191.
  5. ^ Loyalists and Layabouts, p. 219, note 68

External links