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Statue of Charles II, Royal Hospital Chelsea

Statue of Charles II
Statue of Charles II closeup.jpg
ArtistGrinling Gibbons
Completion datec. 1680
TypeStatue
MediumBrass
SubjectCharles II of England
Dimensions1.55 m × 1.18 m (5.1 ft × 3.9 ft)
LocationRoyal Hosptal, Chelsea, London SW3, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates
Listed Building – Grade I
Official nameStatue of Charles II in centre of middle courtyard in main buildings, Royal Hospital
Designated5 April 1969
Reference no.1226477[1]

The statue of Charles II stands in the Figure, or Middle, Court of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea, London. The sculptor was Grinling Gibbons, and the statue was executed around 1680–1682. The king founded the Royal Hospital in 1682 as a home for retired army veterans. The statue is a Grade I listed structure.

History

Charles II founded the Royal Hospital in 1682 to care for "those broken by age or war".[2] The inspiration was the Hôtel des Invalides in Paris, founded by Louis XIV of France.[3] The commission was given to Christopher Wren[2] and construction continued from 1682 to 1691.[3] The statue of Charles was commissioned by Tobias Rustat, a member of the king's court[4] and was designed by Grinling Gibbons[5] in about 1682.[1] Gibbons's fee was £500. The statue originally stood elsewhere and was moved to the Royal Hospital after Charles's death in 1685.[6] Annually, on 29 May, Oak Apple Day, the traditional day for the celebration of the Restoration in 1660, the statue is wreathed with oak leaves.[7]

Description

The statue is of brass and was originally gilded in bronze.[1] It has been re-gilded subsequently[5] to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in 2002.[8] It depicts the king in the attire of a Roman general,[5] is 7.6ft high, and stands on a marble plinth.[4] The statue was designated a Grade I listed structure, the highest grading given to buildings and structures of "exceptional interest", in 1969.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Statue of Charles II in centre of middle courtyard in main buildings, Royal Hospital (1226477)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "- Royal Hospital Chelsea".
  3. ^ a b Cherry & Pevsner 2002, p. 562.
  4. ^ a b "Figure Court". 1 August 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Cherry & Pevsner 2002, p. 565.
  6. ^ "The Royal Hospital: Architectural description – British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk.
  7. ^ Darke 1991, p. 46.
  8. ^ "Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee". Exploring London. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2018-01-26.

Sources

External links