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The Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad in Hindi) is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral legislature; the lower house being the State Legislative Assembly. Its establishment is defined in Article 169 of the Constitution of India.
As of 2019[update] before the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir and Leh, 7 out of 29 states have a State Legislative Council. The lastest one is Telangana. A Member of the Legislative Council (MLC) is elected by local bodies, state legislative assembly, governor, graduates and teachers, for a term of 6 years. One third of the members are retired in every two years.
Each Member of the State Legislative Council (MLC) serves for a six-year term, with terms staggered so that the terms of one third of a State Like Council's membership expire every two years. This arrangement parallels that for the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India.
MLC must be a citizen of India, at least 30 years old, mentally sound, not an insolvent, and must be enrolled on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament at the same time.
The size of the State Legislative Council cannot be more than one third of the membership of the State Legislative Assembly. However, its size cannot be less than 40 members (except in now abolished Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council, where there were 36 by an Act of Parliament.)
MLCs are chosen in the following manner:
|State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad)||Image||Location/state capital||Number of constituencies||Governing party|
|Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council||Amaravati||58||YSR Congress Party|
|Bihar Legislative Council||Patna||75||Janata Dal (United)|
|Karnataka Legislative Council||75||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Maharashtra Legislative Council||78||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Telangana Legislative Council||Hyderabad||40||Telangana Rashtra Samithi|
|Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council||Lucknow||100||Bharatiya Janata Party||latest one is made in 2019||Total||—||—||462||—|
The existence of a State Legislative Council has proven politically controversial. A number of states that have had their Legislative Council abolished have subsequently requested its re-establishment; conversely, proposals for the re-establishment of the Legislative Council for a state have also met with opposition. Proposals for abolition or re-establishment of a state's Legislative Council require confirmation by the Parliament of India.