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State Legislative Council

The State Legislative Council is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral state legislature; the lower house being the State Legislative Assembly. Its establishment is defined in Article 169 of the Constitution of India.

As of November 2019, after the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir, 6 out of 28 states have a State Legislative Council. The latest state to have a council is Telangana.[1].

Qualification required to be an MLC

Each Member of the State Legislative Council (MLC) serves for a six-year term, with terms staggered so that the terms of one third of a State Legislative Council's membership expire every two years. This arrangement parallels that for the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India.

MLC must be a citizen of India, at least 30 years old, mentally sound, not an insolvent, and must be enrolled on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament at the same time.

The size of the State Legislative Council cannot be more than one third of the membership of the State Legislative Assembly. However, its size cannot be less than 40 members.

MLCs are chosen in the following manner:

List of State Legislative Councils

State Legislative Council Image of Council Buildings List of constituencies Seat/state capital Number of constituencies Ruling party
Elected Nominated Total
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council Andhra Pradesh Secreteriat.jpg List Amaravati 50 8 58 YSR Congress Party
Bihar Legislative Council Vidhan-sabha-bihar.jpg List Patna 63 12 75 Janata Dal (United)
Karnataka Legislative Council Vidhana Souda , Bangalore.jpg Suvarna Vidhana Soudha.jpg List 64 11 75 Bharatiya Janata Party
Maharashtra Legislative Council
Vidhan Bhavan1.jpg
List 66 12 78 Maha Vikas Aghadi
Telangana Legislative Council Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg List Hyderabad 34 6 40 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council Vidhan Sabha Lucknow.jpg List Lucknow 90 10 100 Bharatiya Janata Party
Total 6 367 59 426

Abolished State Legislative Councils

The existence of a State Legislative Council has proven politically controversial. A number of states that have had their Legislative Council abolished have subsequently requested its re-establishment; conversely, proposals for the re-establishment of the Legislative Council for a state have also met with opposition. Proposals for abolition or re-establishment of a state's Legislative Council require confirmation by the Parliament of India.

State Legislative Council Seat/state capital Year established Year abolished Notes
Assam Legislative Council Shillong 1935 1969 Abolished by the Assam Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969
Bombay Legislative Council Bombay 1861 1960 Abolished by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council 1957 2019 Abolished by the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019.
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Council Bhopal 1956 1969 Abolished by the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969
Punjab Legislative Council Chandigarh 1956 1969 Abolished by the Punjab Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969.
Tamil Nadu Legislative Council Madras 1956 1986 Abolished by the Tamil Nadu Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1986
West Bengal Legislative Council Calcutta 1952 1969 Abolished by the West Bengal Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969

See also